World Bank Financing of Education

Author: Phillip W. Jones
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134136951
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Based on detailed analysis of thousands of confidential World Bank documents, this book demonstrates that the World Bank lies at the centre of the major changes in global education of our time. It outlines the evolution of World Bank lending policies in education, and assesses the policy impact of the Bank's educational projects, looking at how it has: shaped the economic and social policies of many governments, including policies that affect education been an influential proponent of the rapid expansion of formal education systems around the world, financing much of that expansion been instrumental in forging those policies that see education as a precursor to modernisation served as a major purveyor of Western ideas about how education and the economy are, or should be, related. Following on from the success of the first edition, this revised edition covers topical issues of globalisation and looks into the political debate concerning aid to developing countries. It will be of enormous value to those studying, or working in, educational policy in developing countries, international organisations and financial institutions, and aid agencies.

The World Bank s Role in Human Resource Development in Sub Saharan Africa

Author: Ronald Gene Ridker
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821328644
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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World Bank Discussion Paper 244. Although many studies have analyzed the gender gap in primary and secondary education in developing countries, this study is one of the few that analyzes the gap at the tertiary, or university level. The authors track the patterns in women's access to and achievement in higher education, including student enrollment and access to faculty and administrative positions. The study also identifies successful strategies and measures for reducing the gender gap. Two issues are examined in this paper. Part I reviews how women have fared in the wake of expanded tertiary enrollments over the past three decades. Despite evidence proving the importance of women's access to higher education for economic growth, a pervasive gap remains, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia. The second part examines the World Bank's experience in projects designed to improve women's experience in higher education. The extent and severity of constraints varied across regions. Results are limited and many projects are still in progress. The findings suggest that countries with low per capita income levels and difficult social settings for women may have the greatest barriers to female participation. Even where social constraints are less severe, the programs for improving female education must respond to the demands of the labor market.

World Bank

Author: Anne C. M. Salda
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781851092055
Format: PDF
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The Global Politics of Educational Borrowing and Lending

Author: Gita Steiner-Khamsi
Publisher: Teachers College Press
ISBN: 9780807744932
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The globalization of educational policy has become a popular, if not ubiquitous, phenomenon among educational policymakers across the world. It has led many observers to conclude that educational systems in different parts of the world are converging towards one international (neo-liberal) model of school reform. This practice of borrowing and lending school reforms requires a serious examination of the politics and the economics of transnational educational transfer. In this volume, Steiner-Khamsi and her colleagues provide an in-depth empirical and critical examination of the practice of global educational policy. Contributors question the value of importing and exporting educational policies, analyze who benefits from these arrangements, and test the effectiveness of adapting one country's policies in other (often quite culturally distinct) countries. The book investigates how global policies have been implemented locally, and examines the extent to which they work in diverse locales. teiner-Khamsi and her colleagues also examine the role and practices of non-governmental organizations (NGOs), multilateral organizations, and the World Bank in fostering how educational policies are disseminated and adapted across national and cultural boundaries.

The Reality of Aid 2000

Author: Judith Randel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134070373
Format: PDF, Docs
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NOW IN ITS SEVENTH ANNUAL EDITION, The Reality of Aid 2000 looks at how the performance of OECD donor countries on aid and development cooperation has matched up to the challenge of eliminating absolute poverty. The report charts some improvements at the level of donor policy and rhetoric. But its stark conclusion is that the potential of aid to combat poverty is constantly undermined by governments, both North and South, who fail to address the extreme inequalities of income and the structural, social and political injustices that entrench people in poverty. Part I of The Reality of Aid 2000 presents an overview of poverty in the current global context and an analysis of recent trends in aid - looking particularly at basic education. In Part II, chapters by experts from NGOs in OECD countries and the European Union show how donor aid administrations approach poverty - and highlight the weakness of political commitment in the North to the needs of the poor. Part III sets out Southern perspectives on development cooperation. Part IV provides 'at a glance' comparisons of donors' aid outlook and commitment to development cooperation in the 21st century, poverty eradication, gender and public support. Throughout the book, information is presented in easily interpreted diagrams and graphs. The Reality of Aid has established itself as a unique source of independent evaluation and comment on aid policies and development. It is indispensable for all in the field, whether in the official or voluntary sectors, providing a regular reality check on just how much the international community is doing to realise the achievable goal of eliminating poverty. 'Indispensable ... it gives you most of the hard facts you need to know about the major issues' Nett-' Internationalist 'The most comprehensive and rigorous independent analysis of the aid and development policies of the world's wealthiest nations ... Essential reading' Charity World 'The Reality of Aid remains an essential purchase by the libraries of development institutions and an invaluable reference for development practitioners' Development & Change 'A reliable 'watchdog' for anyone interested in this important aspect of international relations' ORBIT 'An accessible reference ... [it] encompasses many key issues and stimulates further research' Commonwealth & Comparative Politics Originally published in 1999

Manual de pago por desempe o

Author: György Bèla Fritsche
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464801290
Format: PDF
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Los enfoques de Pago por Desempeño (PPD) se han expandido con rapidez en los países de ingresos bajos y medios en todo el mundo. El número de países ha crecido de 3 en 2006 a 32 en 2013. Los esquemas de PPD están floreciendo y crean una demanda considerable de asistencia técnica a fin de ejecutar estas reformas sanitarias en una forma racional y responsable. Tres pioneros internacionales del PPD se han unido para dar una respuesta a esta demanda internacional. Ellos son: György Fritsche, MD, MSc (Banco Mundial, Washington); Robert Soeters, MD, PhD (SINA Health, La Haya); y Bruno Meessen, MA, PhD (Instituto de Medicina Tropical, Amberes). Su trabajo vuelca sus 40 años de experiencia total en el diseño e implementación de esquemas de PPD en un manual de PPD de vanguardia, dirigido a implementadores y hacedores de políticas. Se unió al equipo Godelieve van Heteren (MD; Erasmus University Rotterdam Global Health Initiative (RGHI)), quien realizó la co-edición a fin de darle al manual consistencia, contenido y formato. Cedric Ndizeye, MD, MPH (MSH, Ruanda), redactó las partes principales del capítulo sobre desarrollo de competencias, y Caryn Bredenkamp, PhD (Banco Mundial, Washington) contribuyó con el capítulo 5 sobre equidad. Actualmente, existe poco conocimiento entre muchos de los que ejecutan reformas sanitarias sobre cómo implementar proyectos piloto de pago por desempeño y cómo ampliarlos a nivel nacional en forma inteligente. En un contexto de gran demanda de un diseño sólido y experiencia en la implementación, y dada la rápida expansión de los programas de Financiación Basada en Resultados, existe una necesidad urgente de desarrollar competencias para el diseño e implementación de programas de FBR. Hasta el momento, ha habido poco interés en combinar las enseñanzas de esas experiencias en un solo volumen y, más aún, en un formato que sirva como guía a los implementadores. Este manual es una respuesta a las preguntas más urgentes sobre programas de FBR del lado de la oferta, del cual el PPD es parte. Este manual estará disponible en una versión on-line, que será actualizada en forma regular, y una versión impresa en 3 idiomas (inglés, francés y español).

World Development Report 2018

Author: World Bank Group
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464810982
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Every year, the World Bank’s World Development Report (WDR) features a topic of central importance to global development. The 2018 WDR—LEARNING to Realize Education’s Promise—is the first ever devoted entirely to education. And the time is right: education has long been critical to human welfare, but it is even more so in a time of rapid economic and social change. The best way to equip children and youth for the future is to make their learning the center of all efforts to promote education. The 2018 WDR explores four main themes: First, education’s promise: education is a powerful instrument for eradicating poverty and promoting shared prosperity, but fulfilling its potential requires better policies—both within and outside the education system. Second, the need to shine a light on learning: despite gains in access to education, recent learning assessments reveal that many young people around the world, especially those who are poor or marginalized, are leaving school unequipped with even the foundational skills they need for life. At the same time, internationally comparable learning assessments show that skills in many middle-income countries lag far behind what those countries aspire to. And too often these shortcomings are hidden—so as a first step to tackling this learning crisis, it is essential to shine a light on it by assessing student learning better. Third, how to make schools work for all learners: research on areas such as brain science, pedagogical innovations, and school management has identified interventions that promote learning by ensuring that learners are prepared, teachers are both skilled and motivated, and other inputs support the teacher-learner relationship. Fourth, how to make systems work for learning: achieving learning throughout an education system requires more than just scaling up effective interventions. Countries must also overcome technical and political barriers by deploying salient metrics for mobilizing actors and tracking progress, building coalitions for learning, and taking an adaptive approach to reform.

The Global Educational Policy Environment in the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Author: Evan Berman
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1786350432
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Cooperation and collaboration at the regional level appears to be at an unprecedented high, yet there are still substantial disparities across national levels in education, political, and economic sectors. Authors explain at what scale policy decisions are taken within the policy environment and who has the authoritative allocation of values.

Education for development

Author: George Psacharopoulos
Publisher: A World Bank Publication
ISBN: 9780195204780
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book analyzes the policy issues facing educational planners, administrators and policy makers ind eveloping countries in choosing between alternative strategies of educational investment. It draws on the World Bank's twenty years of experience in education sector analysis and research to discuss both theoretical and practical problems of analyzing investment choices. The topics covered include: the contribution of education to economic and human development, criteria for investment, cost-benefit analysis, demand for educated manpower finance, internal efficiency and quality, equity considerations and the links between investment in education and investment in other sectors. No comparable work exists which deals solely with the problems of analyzing education investment in developing countries. While written for those involved in policy formulation and planning, it does not assume a high degree of technical knowledge of economics.