Women Family and Society in Medieval Europe

Author: David Herlihy
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9781571810243
Format: PDF, Docs
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A selection of Herlihy's essays compiled as a tribute to his influence. His particular interest in the nature of the family and the role of women within that unit is amply reflected in this volume. Articles include: Did women have a renaissance?; The Florentine Merchant family in the Middle Ages; Biology and History: Suggestions for a Dialogue.

Pious and Rebellious

Author: Avraham Grossman
Publisher: UPNE
ISBN: 1611683947
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The first complete look at the social status and daily life of medieval Jewish women.

Women in Medieval English Society

Author: Mavis E. Mate
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521587334
Format: PDF, ePub
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Examination of the evidence and major issues and debates deciding the position of women in medieval society.

Women in Medieval Society

Author: Susan Mosher Stuard
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 081220767X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Early medieval women exercised public roles, rights, and responsibilities. Women contributed through their labor to the welfare of the community. Women played an important part in public affairs. They practiced birth control through abortion and infanticide. Women committed crimes and were indicted. They owned property and administered estates. The drive toward economic growth and expansion abroad rested on the capacity of women to staff and manage economic endeavors at home. In the later Middle Ages, the social position of women altered significantly, and the reasons why the role of women in society tended to become more restrictive are examined in these essays.

Mothers and Children

Author: Elisheva Baumgarten
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400849268
Format: PDF
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This book presents a synthetic history of the family--the most basic building block of medieval Jewish communities--in Germany and northern France during the High Middle Ages. Concentrating on the special roles of mothers and children, it also advances recent efforts to write a comparative Jewish-Christian social history. Elisheva Baumgarten draws on a rich trove of primary sources to give a full portrait of medieval Jewish family life during the period of childhood from birth to the beginning of formal education at age seven. Illustrating the importance of understanding Jewish practice in the context of Christian society and recognizing the shared foundations in both societies, Baumgarten's examination of Jewish and Christian practices and attitudes is explicitly comparative. Her analysis is also wideranging, covering nearly every aspect of home life and childrearing, including pregnancy, midwifery, birth and initiation rituals, nursing, sterility, infanticide, remarriage, attitudes toward mothers and fathers, gender hierarchies, divorce, widowhood, early education, and the place of children in the home, synagogue, and community. A richly detailed and deeply researched contribution to our understanding of the relationship between Jews and their non-Jewish neighbors, Mothers and Children provides a key analysis of the history of Jewish families in medieval Ashkenaz.

Women in Frankish Society

Author: Suzanne Fonay Wemple
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812212099
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Women in Frankish Society is a careful and thorough study of women and their roles in the Merovingian and Carolingian periods of the Middle Ages. During the 5th through 9th centuries, Frankish society transformed from a relatively primitive tribal structure to a more complex hierarchical organization. Suzanne Fonay Wemple sets out to understand the forces at work in expanding and limiting women's sphere of activity and influence during this time. Her goal is to explain the gap between the ideals and laws on one hand and the social reality on the other. What effect did the administrative structures and social stratification in Merovingian society have on equality between the sexes? Did the emergence of the nuclear family and enforcement of monogamy in the Carolingian era enhance or erode the power and status of women? Wemple examines a wealth of primary sources, such deeds, testaments, formulae, genealogy, ecclesiastical and secular court records, letters, treatises, and poems in order to reveal the enduring German, Roman, and Christian cultural legacies in the Carolingian Empire. She attends to women in secular life and matters of law, economy, marriage, and inheritance, as well as chronicling the changes to women's experiences in religious life, from the waning influence of women in the Frankish church to the rise of female asceticism and monasticism.

Women Family and Society in Byzantium

Author: Angeliki E. Laiou
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing
ISBN: 9781409432043
Format: PDF
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Angeliki Laiou (1941-2008), one of the leading Byzantinists of her generation, broke new ground in the study of the social and economic history of the Byzantine Empire. This is the first of three volumes to be published posthumously in the Variorum Collected Studies Series and brings together eight articles published between 1993 and 2009. The first five articles concern the status of women as evidenced through legal, narrative, hagiographical and archival sources, while the final three investigate conceptions of law and justice, the vocabulary and typology of peasant rebellions, and the form of political agreements in Byzantine society.

Aristocratic Women in Medieval France

Author: Theodore Evergates
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812200616
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Were aristocratic women in medieval France little more than appendages to patrilineal families, valued as objects of exchange and necessary only for the production of male heirs? Such was the view proposed by the great French historian Georges Duby more than three decades ago and still widely accepted. In Aristocratic Women in Medieval France another model is put forth: women of the landholding elite—from countesses down to the wives of ordinary knights—had considerable rights, and exercised surprising power. The authors of the volume offer five case studies of women from the mid-eleventh through the thirteenth centuries, and from regions as diverse as Blois-Chartres, Champagne, Flanders, and Occitania. They show not only the diversity of life experiences these women enjoyed but the range of social and political roles open to them. The ecclesiastical and secular sources they mine confirm that women were regarded as full members of both their natal and affinal families, were never excluded from inheriting and controlling property, and did not have their share of family property limited to dowries. Women across France exchanged oaths for fiefs and assumed responsibilities for enfeoffed knights. As feudal lords, they settled disputes involving vassals, fortified castles, and even led troops into battle. Aristocratic Women in Medieval France clearly shows that it is no longer possible to depict well-born women as powerless in medieval society. Demonstrating the importance of aristocratic women in a period during which they have been too long assumed to have lacked influence, it forces us to reframe our understanding of the high Middle Ages.

Gender and Society in Renaissance Italy

Author: Judith C. Brown
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317886585
Format: PDF, ePub
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This major new collection of essays by leading scholars of Renaissance Italy transforms many of our existing notions about Renaissance politics, economy, social life, religion, medicine, and art. All the essays are founded on original archival research and examine questions within a wide chronological and geographical framework - in fact the pan-Italian scope of the volume is one of the volume's many attractions.Gender and Society in Renaissance Italy provides a broad, comprehensive perspective on the central role that gender concepts played in Italian Renaissance society.

Women and Power in the Middle Ages

Author: Mary Erler
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 9780820323817
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Power in medieval society has traditionally been ascribed to figures of public authority--violent knights and conflicting sovereigns who altered the surface of civic life through the exercise of law and force. The wives and consorts of these powerful men have generally been viewed as decorative attendants, while common women were presumed to have had no power or consequence. Reassessing the conventional definition of power that has shaped such portrayals, Women and Power in the Middle Ages reveals the varied manifestations of female power in the medieval household and community--from the cultural power wielded by the wives of Venetian patriarchs to the economic power of English peasant women and the religious power of female saints. Among the specific topics addresses are Griselda's manipulation of silence as power in Chaucer's "The Clerk's Tale"; the extensive networks of influence devised by Lady Honor Lisle; and the role of medieval women book owners as arbiters of lay piety and ambassadors of culture. In every case, the essays seek to transcend simple polarities of public and private, male and female, in order to provide a more realistic analysis of the workings of power in feudal society.