With Respect to Sex

Author: Gayatri Reddy
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226707549
Format: PDF, Kindle
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With Respect to Sex is an intimate ethnography that offers a provocative account of sexual and social difference in India. The subjects of this study are hijras or the "third sex" of India—individuals who occupy a unique, liminal space between male and female, sacred and profane. Hijras are men who sacrifice their genitalia to a goddess in return for the power to confer fertility on newlyweds and newborn children, a ritual role they are respected for, at the same time as they are stigmatized for their ambiguous sexuality. By focusing on the hijra community, Gayatri Reddy sheds new light on Indian society and the intricate negotiations of identity across various domains of everyday life. Further, by reframing hijra identity through the local economy of respect, this ethnography highlights the complex relationships among local and global, sexual and moral, economies. This book will be regarded as the definitive work on hijras, one that will be of enormous interest to anthropologists, students of South Asian culture, and specialists in the study of gender and sexuality.

Perspectives on Libraries as Institutions of Human Rights and Social Justice

Author: Ursula Gorham
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1786350572
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Edited by Ursula Gorham, Natalie Greene Taylor, and Paul T. Jaeger, Perspectives on Libraries as Institutions of Human Rights and Social Justice is an edited volume from the Advances in Librarianship book series devoted to the ideals, activities, and programs in libraries that protect human rights and promote social justice.

Neither Man Nor Woman

Author: Serena Nanda
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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This ethnography is a cultural study of the Hijras of India, a religious community of men who dress and act like women. It focuses on how Hijras can be used in the study of gender categories and human sexual variation.

Seeking the Straight and Narrow

Author: Lynne Gerber
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226288137
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Losing weight and changing your sexual orientation are both notoriously difficult to do successfully. Yet many faithful evangelical Christians believe that thinness and heterosexuality are godly ideals—and that God will provide reliable paths toward them for those who fall short. Seeking the Straight and Narrow is a fascinating account of the world of evangelical efforts to alter our strongest bodily desires. Drawing on fieldwork at First Place, a popular Christian weight-loss program, and Exodus International, a network of ex-gay ministries, Lynne Gerber explores why some Christians feel that being fat or gay offends God, what exactly they do to lose weight or go straight, and how they make sense of the program’s results—or, frequently, their lack. Gerber notes the differences and striking parallels between the two programs, and, more broadly, she traces the ways that other social institutions have attempted to contain the excesses associated with fatness and homosexuality. Challenging narratives that place evangelicals in constant opposition to dominant American values, Gerber shows that these programs reflect the often overlooked connection between American cultural obsessions and Christian ones.

Travesti

Author: Don Kulick
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226461014
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this dramatic and compelling narrative, anthropologist Don Kulick follows the lives of a group of transgendered prostitutes (called travestis in Portuguese) in the Brazilian city Salvador. Travestis are males who, often beginning at ages as young as ten, adopt female names, clothing styles, hairstyles, and linguistic pronouns. More dramatically, they ingest massive doses of female hormones and inject up to twenty liters of industrial silicone into their bodies to create breasts, wide hips, and large thighs and buttocks. Despite such irreversible physiological changes, virtually no travesti identifies herself as a woman. Moreover, travestis regard any male who does so as mentally disturbed. Kulick analyzes the various ways travestis modify their bodies, explores the motivations that lead them to choose this particular gendered identity, and examines the complex relationships that they maintain with one another, their boyfriends, and their families. Kulick also looks at how travestis earn their living through prostitution and discusses the reasons prostitution, for most travestis, is a positive and affirmative experience. Arguing that transgenderism never occurs in a "natural" or arbitrary form, Kulick shows how it is created in specific social contexts and assumes specific social forms. Furthermore, Kulick suggests that travestis—far from deviating from normative gendered expectations—may in fact distill and perfect the messages that give meaning to gender throughout Brazilian society and possibly throughout much of Latin America. Through Kulick's engaging voice and sharp analysis, this elegantly rendered account is not only a landmark study in its discipline but also a fascinating read for anyone interested in sexuality and gender.

The Global and the Intimate

Author: Geraldine Pratt
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231520840
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Sixteen essays by prominent feminist scholars and authors establish new paths in the study of intimacy and globalization, challenging globalization’s grand narratives and their representation of women as either victims of forced migration or local actors of limited influence. These essays intervene in grand narratives of global relations by focusing on the specific, the quotidian, the affective, and the eccentric. They scrutinize the frames we use to recognize and organize intimacy and analyze the global forces that undergird personal experience and exchange. Writing from multiple disciplinary and geographical perspectives, contributors extend a long-standing feminist tradition of challenging gender-based oppositions by upending hierarchies of space and scale. By placing the global and the intimate in near relation, they forge a distinctively feminist approach to questions of transnational relations, economic development, and intercultural exchange. This pairing encourages more personal modes of writing and engagement with the globalization debate and fashions a sense of justice that responds more thoroughly to the specificity of time, place, and feeling.

Looking for Mary Magdalene

Author: Anna Fedele
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199898405
Format: PDF, Docs
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Anne Fedele offers a comprehensive ethnography of alternative pilgrimages to French Catholic shrines dedicated to Saint Mary Magdalene. Drawing on more than three years of extensive fieldwork, she describes how pilgrims from Italy, Spain, Britain, and the United States interpret Catholic figures, symbols, and sites according to spiritual theories and practices derived from the transnational Neopagan movement. Fedele pays particular attention to the life stories of the pilgrims, the crafted rituals they perform, and the spiritual-esoteric literature they draw upon. She examines how they devise their rituals; why this kind of spirituality is increasingly prevalent in the West; and the influence of anthropological literature on the pilgrims. Among these pilgrims, spirituality is lived and negotiated in interaction with each other and with textual sources: Jungian psychology, Goddess mythology, and ''indigenous'' traditions merge into a corpus of theories and practices centered upon the worship of divinities such as the Goddess, Mother Earth, and the sacralization of the reproductive cycle. The pilgrims' rituals present a critique of the Roman Catholic Church and the medical establishment and have critical implications for contemporary discourses on gender. Looking for Mary Magdalene is an invaluable resource for anyone interested in ritual and pilgrimage.

Encyclopedia of Global Religion

Author: Mark Juergensmeyer
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761927298
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Presents entries A to L of a two-volume encyclopedia discussing religion around the globe, including biographies, concepts and theories, places, social issues, movements, texts, and traditions.

The Trouble with Marriage

Author: Srimati Basu
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520282442
Format: PDF, Docs
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"The Trouble with Marriage is part of a new global feminist jurisprudence around marriage and violence that looks to law as strategy rather than solution. In this ethnography of family courts and other crime and mediation settings in India, Srimati Basu reevaluates Indian feminist theories of marriage, gender violence, and the role of the state. Basu argues that alternative dispute resolutions, originally designed to empower women in a less adversarial legal environment, have created new subjectivities but have also reinforced oppressive socioeconomic norms that leave women no better off, individually or collectively. This volume examines the extent to which feminist visions of divorce, rape, and domestic violence law in India empower women and finds, paradoxically, that these alternative ideas actually reinforce women's economic and social inequality"--Provided by publisher.