Wildland Shrubs of the United States and Its Territories

Author: U.S. Government
Publisher: Books LLC
ISBN: 9781234425685
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Original publisher: San Juan, PR: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; Fort Collins, CO: Rocky Mountain Research Station, [2004]- OCLC Number: (OCoLC)58450138 Subject: Shrubs -- United States -- Identification. Excerpt: ... have long sought to achieve a certain portion of the landscape in the " brush " stage, preferably in disbursed, irregular patches within more advanced forest. The use of shrubs as well as all other types of native plants for reclamation and restoration of damaged sites is becoming a very important topic ( Hansen 1989 ). Shrubs are planted as seedlings of various types and seeded using the same techniques employed with trees ( Alder and Ostler 1989 ), except that densities must often be higher. Because it costs less, establishment by site manipulation and natural seeding and succession is preferred whenever possible. Shrubs yield many benefits to humankind directly and indirectly. Berries and similar small fruits are the most important shrub-derived foods. There are many hundreds of kinds of edible, wild berrylike fruits throughout the world. Seasonally harvested and preserved, they were once very important to hunter-gatherer tribes and still are important in certain rural areas. All our commercial berries descended from wild shrubs, and their wild ancestors remain a source of genetic material for breeders. Wildland shrubs also furnish nuts, seeds, herbs, greens, and medicinal materials to rural peoples. Fuel is another major direct benefit from shrubs. Although wood from shrubs is not present in quantities as great as tree wood in forests, its accessibility and ease of harvest have made it a very important fuel source in underdeveloped areas and during recreational camping, especially when collected by women and children. Shrubs are even harvested to make charcoal in areas with few trees. It has also been suggested that shrub stands could be harvested mechanically for industrial biomass...

Woody Plants of Utah

Author: Renee Van Buren
Publisher: University Press of Colorado
ISBN: 087421825X
Format: PDF, ePub
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A comprehensive guide that includes a vast range of species and plant communities and employs thorough, original keys. Based primarily on vegetative characteristics, the keys don't require that flowers or other reproductive features be present, like many plant guides. And this guide's attention to woody plants as a whole allows one to identify a much greater variety of plants. That especially suits an arid region such as Utah with less diverse native trees. Woody plants are those that have stems that persist above ground even through seasons that don't favor growth, due to low precipitation or temperatures. Woody Plants of Utah employs dichotomous identification keys that are comparable to a game of twenty questions. They work through a process of elimination by choosing sequential alternatives. Detailed, illustrated plant descriptions complement the keys and provide additional botanical and environmental information in relation to a useful introductory categorization of Utah plant communities. Supplementary tools include photos, distribution maps, and an illustrated glossary.

Restoring Western Ranges and Wildlands Volume 2 Chapters 18 23 Index

Author: Stephen B. Monsen
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
ISBN: 9781480200371
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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“Restoring Western Ranges and Wildlands” has had a fairly long gestation period. This final product of three volumes had its beginnings in 1983. At that time research administrators of the Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station (now part of the Rocky Mountain Research Station) had obtained funding from the Four Corners Regional Commission to produce a series of research summary syntheses to aid agriculture and natural resource values and management for the Four Corner States (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah), and surrounding areas. “Restoring Western Ranges and Wildlands” was intended to supplant the successful, out-of-print, “Restoring Big Game Range in Utah” with a broader geographic coverage and new knowledge gained during the intervening years. This work represents the continuing collaboration of the Rocky Mountain Research Station and the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources. It is believed that the materials presented here in a “how to, what with, and why” manner will be timely and relevant for land managers and student in rehabilitation and restoration of degraded Western wildlands for years into the future.

Wildland Planning Glossary

Author: Charles F. Schwarz
Publisher: The Minerva Group, Inc.
ISBN: 9781410215451
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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More than 1400 terms useful in wildland and related resource planning are defined. The purpose of the work is to facilitate communication between professionals, not to provide them with exhaustive vocabularies of each other's specialties. Definitions are drawn from many sources, including public laws and government manuals, but are not intended to establish legally binding definitions. A list of terms and list of sources are included. Charles Schwarz is a landscape architect in the Station's research unit on forest recreation and landscape planning, at Berkeley. Before joining the Station staff in 1975, he was a research assistant at the University of California's Institute of Urban and Regional Development, Berkeley. Edward C. Thor is an economist with the research unit. He was formerly a post-graduate research economist at the University of California, Berkeley, on assignment to the Station under a cooperative agreement. Gary H. Elsner is in charge of the unit.

How the U S Cavalry Saved Our National Parks

Author: H. Duane Hampton
ISBN: 9780253031167
Format: PDF, ePub
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Late in the evening of August 17, 1886, Troop M, First United States Cavalry, marched into Yellowstone National Park, relieved the Park Superintendent of his duties, and inaugurated a new era of national park administration. When Yellowstone was established in 1872, the park was administered by civilian appointees who had neither physical or legal means to stop the vandalism, poaching, and trespassing that threatened its existence. Some Congressmen, faced with this apparent failure, labeled the park concept an absurdity. Congress declined to appropriate money for the continued operation of the Yellowstone, and the Secretary of the Interior was forced to request troops to protect the park in 1886. The resulting military management eventually extended to the Yosemite, General Grant, and Sequoia National Parks. The period of military administration of the national parks is unique in American history. Before 1894 in the Yellowstone, and throughout its administrative career in the California parks, the cavalry operated without a legal framework or means of law enforcement, but over thirty-two years of military guardianship, a national park policy and administrative practices evolved. Moreover, when the National Park Service began operating in 1918, it took over from the military an already trained cadre of rangers. In a very real sense, the cavalry laid the foundations of the National Park Service and saved the parks for the more than 307 million people who now visit our national parks each year.