Users Guide to Ecohydraulic Modelling and Experimentation

Author: L. E. Frostick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315778831
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Users Guide to Ecohydraulic Modelling and Experimentation has been compiled by the interdisciplinary team of expert ecologists, geomorphologists, sedimentologists, hydraulicists and engineers involved in HYDRALAB IV, the European Integrated Infrastructure Initiative on hydraulic experimentation which forms part of the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme. It is designed to give an overview of our current knowledge of organism-environment interactions in marine and freshwater aquatic systems and to provide guidance to those wishing to use hydraulic experimental facilities to explore ecohydraulic processes. By highlighting the current state of our knowledge, this design manual will act as a guide to the use of living organisms in physical models and experiments and help scientists and engineers understand limitations on the use of surrogates. It incorporates chapters on the general decisions that need to be taken when designing an ecohydraulic experiment as well as specific chapters on the main aquatic and marine organisms likely to be of interest. Each of the chapters reviews current knowledge in a defined area of ecohydraulic experimental research. It excludes consideration of fish and mammals and does not deal with plankton, as it focuses on the sediment-water interface and the influences of biota in this complex area. Its primary purpose is to disseminate the extensive knowledge and experience of the team of ecohydraulic experimentalists involved in HYDRALAB IV as part of the PISCES research project as well as some of the important advances being made in this fast developing field of research.

Users Guide to Physical Modelling and Experimentation

Author: Lynne E. Frostick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0415609127
Format: PDF, ePub
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A Users Guide to Hydraulic Modelling and Experimentation provides a systematic, comprehensive summary of the progress made through HYDRALAB III . The book combines the expertise of many of the leading hydraulic experimentalists in Europe and identifies current best practice for carrying out state-of-the-art, modern laboratory investigations. In addition it gives an inventory and reviews recent advances in instrumentation and equipment that drive present and new developments in the subject. The Guide concentrates on four core areas – waves, breakwaters, sediments and the relatively-new (but rapidly-developing) cross-disciplinary area of hydrodynamics/ecology. Progress made through the ‘CoMIBBS’ component of HYDRALAB III provides the material for a chapter focussed on guidance, principles and practice for composite modelling. There is detailed consideration of scaling and the degree of relevance of laboratory/physical modelling approaches for specific contexts included in each of the individual chapters. The Guide includes outputs from the workshops and several of the innovative transnational access projects that have been supported within HYDRALAB III, as well as the focussed joint research activities SANDS and CoMIBBS. Its primary purpose is to serve as a shared resource to disseminate the outstanding advances achieved within HYDRALAB III but, even more than this, it is a tribute to the human and institutional collaborations that led to and sustained the research advances, the human relationships that were strengthened and initiated through joint participation in the Programme, and the training opportunities that participation provided to the many young researchers engaged in the projects.

Scouring

Author: H.N.C. Breusers
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789061919834
Format: PDF, ePub
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Information and technical data concerning scouring/erosion caused by water fl in rivers and streams. More specifically, how certain structures exaggerate this natural process by restricting water flow, causing constriction and loc scour. Material presented is from both field studies and laboratories

Geomorphological Techniques

Author: Andrew Goudie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134813015
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The specialist contributors to Geomorphological Techniques have thoroughly augmented and updated their original, authoritative coverage with critical evaluations of major recent developments in this field. A new chapter on neotectonics reflects the impact of developments in tectonic theory, and heavily revised sections deal with advances in remote sensing, image analysis, radiometric dating, geomorphometry, data loggers, radioactive tracers, and the determination of pore water pressure and the rates of denudation.

Sedimentation

Author: Arved J. Raudkivi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789054101321
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This monograph provides the practising engineer with a concise overview of the methods of water diversion and exclusion or removal of sediment from the diverted water. The emphasis is on flow features and the associated conveyance of sediments.

Large Eddy Simulation in Hydraulics

Author: Wolfgang Rodi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203797574
Format: PDF, Docs
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Large-Eddy Simulation (LES), which is an advanced eddy-resolving method for calculating turbulent flows, is used increasingly in Computational Fluid Dynamics, also for solving hydraulics and environmental flow problems. The method has generally great potential and is particularly suited for problems dominated by large-scale turbulent structures. This book gives an introduction to the LES method specially geared for hydraulic and environmental engineers. Compared with existing books on LES it is less theoretically and mathematically demanding and hence easier to follow, and it covers special features of flows in water bodies and summarizes the experience gained with LES for calculating such flows. The book was written primarily as an introduction to LES for hydraulic and environmental engineers, but it will also be very useful as an entry to the subject of LES for researchers and students in all fields of fluids engineering. The applications part will further be useful to researchers interested in the physics of flows governed by the dynamics of coherent structures.

Gravel bed Rivers in the Environment

Author: Peter C. Klingeman
Publisher: Water Resources Publication
ISBN: 9781887201131
Format: PDF, Docs
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"Read what over 60 internationally recognized authors say about fluvial processes, the environment, and management of gravel-bed rivers. Learn about efforts to restore more-natural ecosystem functions to adversely impacted rivers. And for some mind-stretching, consider the hydraulic/geomorphic implications of cataclysmic floods on Earth and Mars. Beginning in 1980 and held at five-year intervals, these workshops have brought together leading international researchers to present and discuss new results, concepts and state-of-the-art methods to analyze fluvial processes in and manage gravel-bed rivers. The fourth workshop was held at Gold Bar, Washington, near the dynamic Skykomish River and strikingly beautiful Cascade Mountains. Workshop papers and discussions are published to document new concepts and ideas for broad use by those who study, manage or have general interests in rivers. This fourth Gravel-Bed Rivers Workshop covers three focus topics. The first topic reviews new developments regarding fluvial processes, sediment transport and channel morphology -- in eight chapters on distinct subjects. The second and third focus topics strongly emphasize gravel-beds rivers in the environment, their influences, and their management -- in the next 19 chapters. River restoration is examined for large European and North American rivers as parts of several of the environment-management chapters. Seven appended "short papers" report on research in progress, presented at the Workshop in a poster-discussion session. Also included are two special-interest chapters -- on giving a detailed analysis and morphologic/hydraulic interpretation of cataclysmic floods and one summarizing a field exercise in management options for a long braided-meandering reach of the Skykomish River near Gold Bar."--Publisher's description.

The Effects of Induced Hydraulic Fracturing on the Environment

Author: Matthew McBroom
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1926895835
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking" as it is commonly known, refers to the practice of using liquids at very high pressures to fragment rock, thereby allowing natural gas to be harvested. This process increases energy resources but also has some negative environmental impacts as well. This book looks at the environmental impact. The first section looks at fracturing and the water supply, the second section looks at ecosystems and wildlife, while the final section examines the possible effects on human ecosystems and human health.

Hydrodynamic Forces

Author: Eduard Naudascher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351439901
Format: PDF
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Produced for the International Association for Hydraulic Research, this monograph covers fluctuating and mean hydrodynamic forces, hydrodynamic forces on high-head gates, and hydrodynamic forces on low-head gates i.e. only the forces induced by flow incident or past the structure.

Discharge Characteristics

Author: D.S. Miller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351454870
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This manual provides the procedures and data necessary to calculate discharges over and through hydraulic structures. Contents: Introduction; Discharge measurement structures; Discharge relationships and component head losses for hydraulic structures; Headlosses in closed conduit systems flowing full; Analysis of flow conditions and hydraulic design for river diversion in closed conduits; Flow through and over rockfill structures