Bush on the Home Front

Author: John D. Graham
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253004130
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq consumed so much attention during his presidency that few people appreciated that George W. Bush was also an activist on the home front. Despite limited public support, and while confronting a deeply divided Congress, Bush engineered and implemented reforms of public policy on a wide range of issues: taxes, education, health care, energy, environment, and regulatory reform. In Bush on the Home Front, former Bush White House official and academic John D. Graham analyzes Bush’s successes in these areas and setbacks in other areas such as Social Security and immigration reform. Graham provides valuable insights into how future presidents can shape U.S. domestic policy while facing continuing partisan polarization.

Democracy Betrayed

Author: William W. Keller
Publisher: Counterpoint Press
ISBN: 1619028905
Format: PDF, ePub
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In the aftermath of 9/11, in collusion with booming technological advancements, a new and more authoritarian form of governance is supplanting liberal democracy. The creation of the Security Industrial Complex — an “internal security state-within-the-state” fueled by tech companies, private security firms, and the Intelligence Community to the tune of $120 billion a year — is intruding on civil liberties to an extent never before seen in our history. Politicians tolerate it; the average citizen at times welcomes it, thinking it is the way to keep the America safe in a time of uncertainty and terrorism. But how real is the terrorist threat, and is it worth the loss of our individual privacy? As a society, the author maintains, we have yet to comprehend the meaning of universal digital connection, its impact on our psychology, and its transformation of our government and society. America is at a crossroads in contending with our overreaction to terrorism, allowing the beginnings of a police state, and the erosion of our country from a “liberal democracy” to a “secure democracy” – one where government overreaches, tramples on civil liberties, and uses great advancements in technology to spy on the populace.

The President and Immigration Law

Author: PROFESSOR OF LAW ADAM. RODRIGUEZ COX (PROFESSOR OF LAW CRISTINA M.)
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780190694364
Format: PDF, ePub
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When President Barack Obama announced his plans to shield millions of immigrants from deportation, Congress and the commentariat pilloried him for acting unilaterally. When President Donald Trump attempted to ban immigration from six predominantly Muslim counties, a different collection of critics attacked the action as tyrannical. Beneath this polarized political resistance lies a widely shared belief: that Congress, not the President, makes our immigration policies, dictating who can come to the United States, and who can stay, in a detailed and comprehensive legislative code. In The President and Immigration Law, Adam Cox and Cristina Rodríguez shatter the myth that Congress controls immigration policy. Drawing on a wide range of sources-rich historical materials, unique data on immigration enforcement, and insider accounts of our nation's massive immigration bureaucracy-they tell the story of how the President became our immigration policymaker-in-chief over the course of two centuries. From founding-era debates over the Alien and Sedition Acts to Jimmy Carter's intervention during the Mariel boatlift from Cuba, presidential crisis management has played an important role in this story. Far more foundational, however, has been the ordinary executive obligation to enforce the law. Over time, the power born of that duty has become the central vehicle for making immigration policy in the United States. A pathbreaking account of the President's relationship to Congress, Cox and Rodríguez's analysis helps us better understand how the United States ended up running an enormous shadow immigration system-one in which nearly half of all noncitizens living in America are here in violation of the law. It also provides a blueprint for reform, one that accepts rather than laments the role the President plays in shaping the national community, while outlining strategies to curb the abuse of law enforcement authority in immigration and beyond.

Yale Law Journal Volume 125 Number 1 October 2015

Author: Yale Law Journal
Publisher: Quid Pro Books
ISBN: 1610278100
Format: PDF, Docs
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The contents of the October 2015 issue (Volume 125, Number 1) are: Articles • Against Immutability, by Jessica A. Clarke • The President and Immigration Law Redux, by Adam B. Cox & Cristina M. Rodríguez Essay • Which Way To Nudge? Uncovering Preferences in the Behavioral Age, by Jacob Goldin Note • Saving 60(b)(5): The Future of Institutional Reform Litigation, by Mark Kelley Comment • Interbranch Removal and the Court of Federal Claims: “Agencies in Drag,” by James Anglin Flynn Quality ebook formatting includes fully linked footnotes and an active Table of Contents (including linked Contents for all individual Articles, Notes, and Essays), proper Bluebook formatting, and active URLs in footnotes. This is the first issue of academic year 2015-2016.

Inside Congress

Author: Trevor Corning
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815727348
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Required reading for anyone who wants to understand how to work within Congress. The House and Senate have unique rules and procedures to determine how legislation moves from a policy idea to law. Evolved over the last 200 years, the rules of both chambers are designed to act as the engine for that process. Each legislative body has its own leadership positions to oversee this legislative process. To the novice, whether a newly elected representative, a lawmaker’s staff on her first day at work, or a constituent visiting Washington, the entire process can seem incomprehensible. What is an open rule for a House Appropriations bill and how does it affect consideration? Why are unanimous consent agreements needed in the Senate? The authors of Inside Congress, all congressional veterans, have written the definitive guide to how Congress really works. It is the accessible and necessary resource to understanding and interpreting procedural tools, arcane precedents, and the role of party politics in the making of legislation in Congress.

Why Washington Won t Work

Author: Marc J. Hetherington
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022629935X
Format: PDF
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Polarization is at an all-time high in the United States. But contrary to popular belief, Americans are polarized not so much in their policy preferences as in their feelings toward their political opponents: To an unprecedented degree, Republicans and Democrats simply do not like one another. No surprise that these deeply held negative feelings are central to the recent (also unprecedented) plunge in congressional productivity. The past three Congresses have gotten less done than any since scholars began measuring congressional productivity. In Why Washington Won’t Work, Marc J. Hetherington and Thomas J. Rudolph argue that a contemporary crisis of trust—people whose party is out of power have almost no trust in a government run by the other side—has deadlocked Congress. On most issues, party leaders can convince their own party to support their positions. In order to pass legislation, however, they must also create consensus by persuading some portion of the opposing party to trust in their vision for the future. Without trust, consensus fails to develop and compromise does not occur. Up until recently, such trust could still usually be found among the opposition, but not anymore. Political trust, the authors show, is far from a stable characteristic. It’s actually highly variable and contingent on a variety of factors, including whether one’s party is in control, which part of the government one is dealing with, and which policies or events are most salient at the moment. Political trust increases, for example, when the public is concerned with foreign policy—as in times of war—and it decreases in periods of weak economic performance. Hetherington and Rudolph do offer some suggestions about steps politicians and the public might take to increase political trust. Ultimately, however, they conclude that it is unlikely levels of political trust will significantly increase unless foreign concerns come to dominate and the economy is consistently strong.

The Policy State

Author: Karen Orren
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674983165
Format: PDF, ePub
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Policy is government’s response to changing times, the key to its successful adaptation. It tackles problems as they arise, from foreign relations and economic affairs to race relations and family affairs. Karen Orren and Stephen Skowronek take a close look at this well-known reality of modern governance: the expanded domain of the “policy state.”

What We Owe

Author: Carlo Cottarelli
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815730691
Format: PDF, ePub
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The euro crisis, Japan's sluggish economy, and partisan disagreements in the United States about the role of government all have at least one thing in common: worries about high levels of public debt. Nearly everyone agrees that public debt in many advanced economies is too high to be sustainable and must be addressed. There is little agreement, however, about when and how that addressing should be done—or even, in many cases, just how serious the debt problem is. As the former director of the International Monetary Fund's Fiscal Affairs Department, Carlo Cottarelli has helped countries across the globe confront their public finance woes. He also had direct experience in advising his own country, Italy, about its chronic fiscal ailments. In this straightforward, plain-language book, Cottarelli explains how and why excessive public debt can harm economic growth and can lead to crises such as those experienced recently in Italy and several other European countries. But Cottarelli also has some good news: reducing public debt often can be done without trauma and through moderate changes in spending habits that contribute to economic growth. His book focuses on positive remedies that countries can adopt to deal with their public debt, analyzing both the benefits and potential downsides to each approach, as well as suggesting which remedies might be preferable in particular situations. Too often, public debate about public debt is burdened by lies and myths. This book not only explains the basic facts about public debt but also aims to bring truth and reasoned nonpartisan analysis to the debate.

Immigration and Refugee Law and Policy

Author: Stephen Legomsky
Publisher: Foundation Press
ISBN: 9781609304249
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Since its initial publication in 1992, the book has been adopted at 183 U.S. law schools. It mixes theory, policy, and politics with practice-oriented materials that deal in doctrine, planning, and problem-solving. Legomsky and Rodríguez make heavy use of policy analysis, fact problems, and simulation exercises. The teacher's manual contains detailed analyses of all the policy questions, fact problems, and simulation exercises, as well as synopses of all the cases, sample syllabi, and other teaching suggestions. The new edition incorporates the sweeping changes of the past five years. Highlights include: Discussion of DACA and the dramatic November 2014 executive actions Analysis of the legal limits and policy implications of prosecutorial discretion and other Obama Administration executive actions Discussion of comprehensive legislative immigration reform efforts, including S.744 A new section on vulnerable children, addressing UAC, special immigrant juveniles, child asylum issues, and children's use of T and U visas, with specific discussion of the current Central American UAC issues and 2014 opinion of the Inter-American Court A completely re-written section on same-sex marriages, to reflect Windsor, Zeleniak, and Administration implementation initiatives Entirely rewritten section on asylum claims based on particular social group, to reflect the recent BIA decisions in M-E-V-G- and W-G-R- (concerning the social distinction and particularity requirements), the BIA's 2014 landmark domestic violence decision in A-R-C-G-, and related developments on gender-based asylum claims A completely rewritten section on crimmigration generally, the crime-related deportability grounds, and the categorical and modified categorical approaches, to reflect the Supreme Court's recent decisions in Moncrieffe and Descamps, lower court decisions such as Silva-Trevino, and the 2014 BIA decision in Dominguez-Rodriguez The addition of an extended section on federalism and Arizona v. United States in chapter 2 (constitutional foundations), the creation of a new chapter on enforcement that includes discussion of Secure Communities (now PEP), 287(g), non-cooperation laws, and detention, and a reorganization and streamlining of chapter 12 (undocumented immigrants), to accommodate these changes New developments on in-state tuition for undocumented students New developments on drivers' licenses for undocumented residents New material on advance parole, Arrabally, 601A provisional unlawful presence waivers, and parole in place MAVNI renewal and extension to DACA recipients New developments on Padilla New avenues for representation for low-income immigrants and refugees The Supreme Court's Cuellar de Osorio decision on the Child Status Protection Act New developments on EB-5, particularly with respect to regional centers Material concerning work permits for H-4 nonimmigrants New material on the Adam Walsh Act Discussion of dramatic increases in credible fear interviews and Administration responses Discussion of the asylum clock litigation and its effect on work authorization Material on FOIA litigation involving asylum officer interview notes Important recent court decisions on temporary protected status New developments on in-country renunciation of U.S. citizenship Discussion of assisted reproductive technology (ART) and its effects on both immigration and citizenship law

Do Not Ask What Good We Do

Author: Robert Draper
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1451642083
Format: PDF, Docs
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Presents an assessment of the House of Representatives elected in 2010, including the influence of eighty-seven freshmen, many of whom had never held public office, and the actions of more senior members from both parties.