The New Harvest

Author: Calestous Juma
Publisher: OUP Us
ISBN: 0190237236
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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African agriculture is currently at a crossroads, at which persistent food shortages are compounded by threats from climate change. But, as this book argues, Africa can feed itself in a generation and can help contribute to global food security. To achieve this Africa has to define agriculture as a force in economic growth by advancing scientific and technological research, investing in infrastructure, fostering higher technical training, and creating regional markets.

Innovation and Its Enemies

Author: Calestous Juma
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190467053
Format: PDF
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The rise of artificial intelligence has rekindled a long-standing debate regarding the impact of technology on employment. This is just one of many areas where exponential advances in technology signal both hope and fear, leading to public controversy. This book shows that many debates over new technologies are framed in the context of risks to moral values, human health, and environmental safety. But it argues that behind these legitimate concerns often lie deeper, but unacknowledged, socioeconomic considerations. Technological tensions are often heightened by perceptions that the benefits of new technologies will accrue only to small sections of society while the risks will be more widely distributed. Similarly, innovations that threaten to alter cultural identities tend to generate intense social concern. As such, societies that exhibit great economic and political inequities are likely to experience heightened technological controversies. Drawing from nearly 600 years of technology history, Innovation and Its Enemies identifies the tension between the need for innovation and the pressure to maintain continuity, social order, and stability as one of today's biggest policy challenges. It reveals the extent to which modern technological controversies grow out of distrust in public and private institutions. Using detailed case studies of coffee, the printing press, margarine, farm mechanization, electricity, mechanical refrigeration, recorded music, transgenic crops, and transgenic animals, it shows how new technologies emerge, take root, and create new institutional ecologies that favor their establishment in the marketplace. The book uses these lessons from history to contextualize contemporary debates surrounding technologies such as artificial intelligence, online learning, 3D printing, gene editing, robotics, drones, and renewable energy. It ultimately makes the case for shifting greater responsibility to public leaders to work with scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs to manage technological change, make associated institutional adjustments, and expand public engagement on scientific and technological matters.

In land we trust

Author: Calestous Juma
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Land tenure is a sensitive issue in Africa and a central theme in the demand for political and economic reform in the region. While traditional development strategies aim for maximum economic growth, new approaches emphasize conservation. The governing of land use is also central to the overall scheme of national governance - the constitution. This book examines the relationship between land ownership and the conservation of natural resources, using the case of Kenya. It proposes specific measures for achieving a balance between private ownership and public interest, and between conservation and economic growth.

African Urban Harvest

Author: Gordon Prain
Publisher: IDRC
ISBN: 1441962492
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book seeks to answer the question of how much urban agriculture helps feed and support people living in towns and cities with evidence and proposals based on studies in Eastern and Central Africa.

Agricultural Research in Africa

Author: Lynam, John
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0896292126
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book—prepared by Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI), which is led by IFPRI—offers a comprehensive perspective on the evolution, current status, and future goals of agricultural research and development in Africa, including analyses of the complex underlying issues and challenges involved, as well as insights into how they might be overcome. Agriculture in Africa south of the Sahara is at a prospective tipping point. Growth has accelerated in the past decade, but is unsustainable given increasing use of finite resources. The yield gap in African agriculture is significant, and scenarios on feeding the world’s population into the future highlight the need for Africa to expand its agricultural production. Agricultural Research in Africa: Investing in Future Harvests discusses the need to shift to a growth path based on increased productivity—as in the rest of the developing world— which is essential if Africa is to increase rural incomes and compete in both domestic and international markets. Such a shift ultimately requires building on evolving improvements that collectively translate to deepening rural innovation capacity.

Worthless Impossible and Stupid

Author: Daniel
Publisher: Harvard Business Press
ISBN: 1422186997
Format: PDF, Docs
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Introducing the global mind-set changing the way we do business. In this fascinating book, global entrepreneurship expert Daniel Isenberg presents a completely novel way to approach business building—with the insights and lessons learned from a worldwide cast of entrepreneurial characters. Not bound by a western, Silicon Valley stereotype, this group of courageous and energetic doers has created a global and diverse mix of companies destined to become tomorrow’s leading organizations. Worthless, Impossible, and Stupid is about how enterprising individuals from around the world see hidden value in situations where others do not, use that perception to develop products and services that people initially don’t think they want, and ultimately go on to realize extraordinary value for themselves, their customers, and society as a whole. What these business builders have in common is a contrarian mind-set that allows them to create opportunities and succeed where others see nothing. Amazingly, this process repeats itself in one form or another countless times a day all over the world. From Albuquerque to Islamabad, you will travel with Isenberg to discover unusual yet practical insights that you can use in your own business. Meet the founders of Grameenphone in Bangladesh, PACIV in Puerto Rico, Sea to Table in New York, Actavis in Iceland, Studio Moderna in Slovenia, Hartwell Metals in Hong Kong and Southeast Asia, Given Imaging in Israel, WildChina in China, and many others. You’ll be moved by the stories of these plucky start-ups—many of them fueled by adversity and, more often than not, by necessity. Great stories, stunning successes, crushing failures—they’re all here. What can we, in the East and West, learn from them? What can you learn—and what will these entrepreneurial stories, so compellingly told, inspire you to do? Let this book open doors for you where you once saw only walls. If you’ve ever felt the urge to turn a glimmer of an idea into something extraordinary, these stories are for you.

Will Africa Feed China

Author: Deborah Brautigam
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019939685X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"In Will Africa Feed China?, Deborah Brautigam, one of the world's leading experts on China and Africa, challenges the conventional wisdom that the Chinese are leading the great African land grab. Her eye-opening analysis sheds new light on the myths and realities of China's evolving global quest for food security"--

Agricultural Development in China and Africa

Author: Li Xiaoyun
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136472134
Format: PDF, ePub
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Many African countries are increasingly interested in learning from China's experiences in achieving effective agricultural development. The Chinese government and academic community are also keen to share experiences and lessons with Africa. China made agriculture one of its development assistance priorities at the Third FOCAC Summit in Beijing in 2006. This systematic comparative study of agricultural development in China and Africa provides a unique basis for African countries and international organizations seeking to understand agricultural development in China, and for China to understand agricultural development on the African continent. The book highlights experiences and lessons from China and, in particular, analyzes why Africa has not yet been able to emulate China's agricultural development trajectory. It compares the similarities and discrepancies in conditions, processes, and outcomes between China and Africa from the perspectives of investment, science and technology, policies and international development aid. Based on this it explores which experiences and lessons from China's agriculture development can be shared with African countries in order to contribute to the sustainable improvement and transformation of African agriculture. It does not claim that China has all of the answers, but while recognizing the diversity within both China and Africa, concludes that much can be gained from such a comparison.

Bringing New Ideas Into Practice

Author: Peter Gildemacher
Publisher: Kit Press
ISBN: 9789460222337
Format: PDF, Docs
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African smallholder farmers need to intensify their production systems and adapt to continuous, often unforeseen and sudden changes in their environment, which requires continuous innovation. An important question for policy makers and managers in the field of agricultural development is how to best invest resources to support agricultural innovation. In this book, we document lessons from Research Into Use (RIU) in Africa, a United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID) funded programme. The programme aimed at stimulating rural economic development by enhancing agricultural innovation. RIU explored different approaches of promoting innovation in agriculture. This book analyses the experiences of three RIU Africa Country Programmes, which used innovation platforms to facilitate innovation, and two best-bet projects, which used a competitive funding mechanism to support private sector driven initiatives to get research outcomes into use. The analysis of the five cases did allow for the development of an analytical model that can assist in decision-making on investments in agricultural innovation. Interventions aimed at agricultural development through innovation would do well to consider two types of results: household level impact at scale, and an improved capacity to innovate. Three interlinked components, needs and opportunity identification, experimentation and bringing into routine use, were distinguished to analyse the process of getting from new ideas to impact at scale. The roles of different stakeholders are discussed.

Africa s Greatest Entrepreneurs

Author: Moky Makura
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0143027360
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Who are the real power brokers in Africa? Who are the dynamic entrepreneurs making things happen on the continent? How did they do it and what are their personal stories? Africa's Greatest Entrepreneurs is a unique collection of stories about 16 of the most successful entrepreneurs and business visionaries currently operating in Africa. Each chapter is dedicated to a single entrepreneur and focuses on a sometimes tumultuous, often challenging, but mostly exciting journey to success. This fascinating and well-researched book examines the life of each entrepreneur and maps out the path each elected to follow in tackling and overcoming the obstacles that stood in the way of the realisation of their dreams. Meet, among others, Kagiso Mmusi, the Motswana transport millionaire; Richard Maponya, the South African retail giant behind Soweto's Maponya Mall; Kwabena Adjei, the rags-to-riches Ghanaian millionaire; Wale Tinubu, the Nigerian head of the Oando oil and gas giant; Ndaba Ntsele, the South African king of high finance; and Mo Ibrahim, the Sudanese-born telecoms millionaire. Each story is inspiring and informative in its own unique way. Makura sheds light on the different historical, political and economic power structures that helped create - and in some cases frustrate - these business heroes. The book shines the spotlight on and provides an unprecedented insight into a new breed of African hero - some of whose stories have never been told until now.