The Laws of Robots

Author: Ugo Pagallo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400765649
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book explores how the design, construction, and use of robotics technology may affect today’s legal systems and, more particularly, matters of responsibility and agency in criminal law, contractual obligations, and torts. By distinguishing between the behaviour of robots as tools of human interaction, and robots as proper agents in the legal arena, jurists will have to address a new generation of “hard cases.” General disagreement may concern immunity in criminal law (e.g., the employment of robot soldiers in battle), personal accountability for certain robots in contracts (e.g., robo-traders), much as clauses of strict liability and negligence-based responsibility in extra-contractual obligations (e.g., service robots in tort law). Since robots are here to stay, the aim of the law should be to wisely govern our mutual relationships.

The Oxford Handbook of Law Regulation and Technology

Author: Roger Brownsword
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199680833
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The variety, pace, and power of technological innovations that have emerged in the 21st Century have been breathtaking. These technological developments, which include advances in networked information and communications, biotechnology, neurotechnology, nanotechnology, robotics, and environmental engineering technology, have raised a number of vital and complex questions. Although these technologies have the potential to generate positive transformation and help address 'grand societal challenges', the novelty associated with technological innovation has also been accompanied by anxieties about their risks and destabilizing effects. Is there a potential harm to human health or the environment? What are the ethical implications? Do this innovations erode of antagonize values such as human dignity, privacy, democracy, or other norms underpinning existing bodies of law and regulation? These technological developments have therefore spawned a nascent but growing body of 'law and technology' scholarship, broadly concerned with exploring the legal, social and ethical dimensions of technological innovation. This handbook collates the many and varied strands of this scholarship, focusing broadly across a range of new and emerging technology and a vast array of social and policy sectors, through which leading scholars in the field interrogate the interfaces between law, emerging technology, and regulation. Structured in five parts, the handbook (I) establishes the collection of essays within existing scholarship concerned with law and technology as well as regulatory governance; (II) explores the relationship between technology development by focusing on core concepts and values which technological developments implicate; (III) studies the challenges for law in responding to the emergence of new technologies, examining how legal norms, doctrine and institutions have been shaped, challenged and destabilized by technology, and even how technologies have been shaped by legal regimes; (IV) provides a critical exploration of the implications of technological innovation, examining the ways in which technological innovation has generated challenges for regulators in the governance of technological development, and the implications of employing new technologies as an instrument of regulatory governance; (V) explores various interfaces between law, regulatory governance, and new technologies across a range of key social domains.

AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems

Author: Pompeu Casanovas
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662459604
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book constitutes revised selected papers from the two International Workshops on Artificial Intelligence Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems, AICOL IV and AICOL V, held in 2013. The first took place as part of the 26th IVR Congress in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, during July 21-27, 2013; the second was held in Bologna as a joint special workshop of JURIX 2013 on December 11, 2013. The 19 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in this book. They are organized in topical sections named: social intelligence and legal conceptual models; legal theory, normative systems and software agents; semantic Web technologies, legal ontologies and argumentation; and crowdsourcing and online dispute resolution (ODR).

Robot Law

Author: Ryan Calo
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1783476737
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Like the Internet before it, robotics is a socially and economically transformative technology. Robot Law explores how the increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment into hospitals, public spaces, and battlefields requires rethinking of a wide variety of philosophical and public policy issues, including how this technology interacts with existing legal regimes, and thus may inspire changes in policy and in law. This volume collects the efforts of a diverse group of scholars who each, in their own way, has worked to overcome barriers in order to facilitate necessary and timely discussions of a technology in its infancy. Identifying controversial legal, ethical, and philosophical problems, the authors reveal how issues surrounding robotics and regulation are more complicated than engineers could have anticipated, and just how much definitional and applied work remains to be done. This groundbreaking examination of a brand-new reality will be of interest and of use to a variety of groups as the authors include engineers, ethicists, lawyers, roboticists, philosophers, and serving military.

Energy Consumption and Autonomous Driving

Author: Jochen Langheim
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319198181
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This volume collects selected papers of the 3rd CESA Automotive Electronics Congress, Paris, 2014. CESA is the most important automotive electronics conference in France. The topical focus lies on state-of-the-art automotive electronics with respect to energy consumption and autonomous driving. The target audience primarily comprises industry leaders and research experts in the automotive industry.

Legal Personhood Animals Artificial Intelligence and the Unborn

Author: Visa A.J. Kurki
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319534629
Format: PDF
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This edited work collates novel contributions on contemporary topics that are related to human rights. The essays address analytic-descriptive questions, such as what legal personality actually means, and normative questions, such as who or what should be recognised as a legal person. As is well-known among jurists, the law has a special conception of personhood: corporations are persons, whereas slaves have traditionally been considered property rather than persons. This odd state of affairs has not garnered the interest of legal theorists for a while and the theory of legal personhood has been a relatively peripheral topic in jurisprudence for at least 50 years. As readers will see, there have recently been many developments and debates that justify a theoretical investigation of this topic. Animal rights activists have been demanding that some animals be recognized as legal persons. The field of robotics has prompted questions about driverless cars: should they be granted a limited legal personality, so that the car itself would be responsible for damages? This book explores such concepts and touches on matters of bioethics, animal law and medical law. It includes matters of legal history and appeals to both legal scholars and philosophers, especially those with an interest in theories of law and the philosophy of law.

Artificial Intelligence Law

Author: Pavan DUGGAL
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781549798436
Format: PDF, Docs
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ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LAWArtificial Intelligence is a buzzword that we are beginning to hear with increasing regularity. The news constantly keeps on telling us how advances in Artificial Intelligence are happening at a very rapid pace. Given this, it is but natural to expect that Artificial Intelligence will be an integral part of our day-to-day lives in the next decade and half. In that context, it becomes essential to examine as on current date what are the legal, policy and regulatory issues pertaining to Artificial Intelligence. These are early days when the foundation of the Artificial Intelligence building is currently being built. This is also a right time where the legal frameworks pertaining to Artificial Intelligence must be evolved and developed at an early stage so as to help enable mankind to not just reap the benefits and advancements of Artificial Intelligence but also to ensure that Artificial Intelligence does not become so intelligent so as to surpass human intelligence in the coming times. In this context, the law pertaining to Artificial Intelligence becomes an important subset of the Cyberlaw umbrella that is constantly evolving. In this Book, I have sought to examine as on date, the various significant legal, policy and regulatory issues pertaining to Artificial Intelligence. The Book tends to ask various questions. The answers of number of these questions are currently not available. However, the Author believes that by raising the important questions and flagging the important issues, the legal jurisprudence pertaining to Artificial Intelligence could be substantially evolved and further developed with the passage of time. The Book deals with all major and important legal, policy and regulatory issues pertaining to Artificial Intelligence, at the time of writing. As time passes by and as further advances of Artificial Intelligence continue to keep on happening, it is a question of time that more elaborate legal principles and legal frameworks pertaining to Artificial Intelligence need to evolve with the passage of time. This Book is written for all lawyers, judges, law students, technologists, netizens and lay users of technology who are interested in the legalities pertaining to Artificial Intelligence. This book is of particular relevance directly for all technological experts and relevant stakeholders who are working on various issues pertaining to Artificial Intelligence in their day-to-day activities. This Book is authored by Pavan Duggal (http://www.pavanduggal.com), Asia's and India's foremost expert on Cyberlaw, Cyber Security Law and Mobile Law, who has been acknowledged as one of the top four cyber lawyers of the world. The Author runs his niche law firm Pavan Duggal Associates, Advocates (http://pavanduggalassociates.com/) which is working on all aspects concerning the intersection of technology and the law.

40 Days of Dating

Author: Jessica Walsh
Publisher: Abrams
ISBN: 1613127154
Format: PDF
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When New York–based graphic designers and long-time friends Timothy Goodman and Jessica Walsh found themselves single at the same time, they decided to try an experiment. The old adage says that it takes 40 days to change a habit—could the same be said for love? So they agreed to date each other for 40 days, record their experiences in questionnaires, photographs, videos, texts, and artworks, and post the material on a website they would create for this purpose. What began as a small experiment between two friends became an Internet sensation, drawing 5 million unique (and obsessed) visitors from around the globe to their site and their story since it was launched in July 2013. 40 Days of Dating: An Experiment is a beautifully designed, expanded look at the experiment and the results, including a great deal of material that never made it onto the site, such as who they were as friends and individuals before the 40 days and who they have become since. Note: 40 Days of Dating has a special binding that allows it to open very flat by attaching the endpapers to the inside covers.

Robot Ethics

Author: Patrick Lin
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262297752
Format: PDF, Docs
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Robots today serve in many roles, from entertainer to educator to executioner. As robotics technology advances, ethical concerns become more pressing: Should robots be programmed to follow a code of ethics, if this is even possible? Are there risks in forming emotional bonds with robots? How might society -- and ethics -- change with robotics? This volume is the first book to bring together prominent scholars and experts from both science and the humanities to explore these and other questions in this emerging field.Starting with an overview of the issues and relevant ethical theories, the topics flow naturally from the possibility of programming robot ethics to the ethical use of military robots in war to legal and policy questions, including liability and privacy concerns. The contributors then turn to human-robot emotional relationships, examining the ethical implications of robots as sexual partners, caregivers, and servants. Finally, they explore the possibility that robots, whether biological-computational hybrids or pure machines, should be given rights or moral consideration.Ethics is often slow to catch up with technological developments. This authoritative and accessible volume fills a gap in both scholarly literature and policy discussion, offering an impressive collection of expert analyses of the most crucial topics in this increasingly important field.