The European Court and Civil Society

Author: Rachel A. Cichowski
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139462350
Format: PDF
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The European Union today stands on the brink of radical institutional and constitutional change. The most recent enlargement and proposed legal reforms reflect a commitment to democracy: stabilizing political life for citizens governed by new regimes, and constructing a European Union more accountable to civil society. Despite the perceived novelty of these reforms, this book explains (through quantitative data and qualitative case analyses) how the European Court of Justice has developed and sustained a vibrant tradition of democratic constitutionalism since the 1960s. The book documents the dramatic consequences of this institutional change for civil society and public policy reform throughout Europe. Cichowski offers detailed empirical and historical studies of gender equality and environmental protection law across fifteen countries and over thirty years, revealing important linkages between civil society, courts and the construction of governance. The findings bring into question dominant understandings of legal integration.

The Struggle for EU Legitimacy

Author: Claudia Sternberg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137327847
Format: PDF, ePub
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This award-winning book answers some of the big questions on the legitimacy of the European Union. Specifically, it looks at what it would mean for the EU to be considered a legitimate body and where our ideas on this question come from. The Struggle for EU Legitimacy traces the history of constructions and contestations of the EU's legitimacy, in discourses of the European institutions and in public debate. Through an interpretive, non-quantitative textual analysis of an eclectic range of sources, it examines both long-term patterns in EU-official discourses and their reception in member-state public spheres, specifically in the German and French debates on the Maastricht and Constitutional Draft Treaties. The story told portrays the history of legitimating the EU as a continuous contest over the ends and goals of integration, as well as a balancing act—which was inescapable given the nature of the integration project—between 'bringing the people in' and 'keeping them out'. In addition, it was a balancing act between actively politicizing and deliberately de-politicizing the stakes of EU politics.

In Place of Inter state Retaliation

Author: William Phelan
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198712790
Format: PDF
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This book suggests a new explanation of the European Union's legal system, emphasising its break with the inter-state retaliation mechanisms and how Europe's special form of legal integration is facilitated by intra-industry trade, parliamentary forms of national government, and European welfare states.

Civil Society and Legitimate European Governance

Author: Stijn Smismans
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1847200192
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Smismans gathers a fine selection of papers. The book gains particular authority from its interdisciplinary approach. Ulrike Ehling, European Law Journal This book explores the concept of civil society , which over recent years has been revived and introduced into the institutional debate within the EU. Significantly, EU institutions themselves have made reference to civil society and, on an academic plane, it has been argued that the debate on the legitimacy of European governance should value the role of civil society organisations. Bringing together lawyers and political scientists, the book studies the role of civil society organisations in the multi-level context of European governance. Civil Society and Legitimate European Governance bridges the distance between normative suggestions, legal instruments and empirical analysis. Providing original contributions to the research on European governance, this book will appeal to all scholars and students with an interest in European integration and European institutions.

Lobbying the European Union

Author: David Coen
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191607215
Format: PDF, Docs
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It is universally accepted that there has been a huge growth in EU lobbying over the past few decades. There is now a dense EU interest group system. This entirely new volume, inspired by Mazey & Richardson's 1993 book Lobbying in the European Community, seeks to understand the role of interest groups in the policy process from agenda-setting to implementation. Specifically, the book is interested in observing how interest groups organise to influence the EU institutions and how they select different coalitions along the policy process and in different policy domains. In looking at 20 years of change, the book captures processes of institutional and actor learning, professionalisation of lobbying, and the possible emergence of a distinct EU public policy style. More specifically, from the actors' perspective, the editors are interested in assessing how the rise of direct lobbying and the emergence of fluid issue-based coalitions has changed the logic of collective action, and what is the potential impact of 'venue-shopping' on reputation and influence. From an institutional perspective, the contributors explore resource and legitimacy demands, and the practical impact of consultation processes on the emergence of a distinct EU lobbying relationship. It will be essential reading for academics and practitioners alike.

Linking EU and National Governance

Author: Beate Kohler-Koch
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191530859
Format: PDF, ePub
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European governance ranks high on the present research agenda on Europe and has attracted considerable attention in public debate in the course of the past decade. This book takes a special approach as it highlights the multi-faceted interconnectedness of EU and national governance that comes with public policy making in the European space. The volume is a well chosen selection from the research of leading European scholars. These scholars provide an insight into the current debate on European governance by using state-of-the art, theory-orientated empirical research. The individual chapters give evidence of the functioning and the deficiencies of the penetrated system of governance that has emerged within the European Union. The spreading of competence across different levels and multiple arenas has created a dense and complex network of trans-national negotiations, shifting attention and resources from the national to the European space. European governance puts national governments under considerable pressure to live up to the competing demands of efficient performance and democratic accountability. Though member-states all face the same challenge, they have responded with different kinds of strategies. EU involvement has contributed to the restructuring of the relationship between the legislative and the executive and touches upon the equilibrium between the political and the economic sphere. It influences the interactions between political actors on the one hand and societal actors and the public on the other. The contributions highlight the diverse mechanisms which link EU and national governance and demonstrate the constraints but also the readiness and capacity of political bodies to adapt to demands from their environment. While the volume documents the sensitivity and vulnerability which is associated with interdependent governance, it also gives evidence of learning processes and successful adjustment which is achieved by developing a differentiated and flexible intitutional setting and which allows for further integration. Apart from this more functional view, individual chapters look at the penetrated system of European governance from a normative perspective and investigate the prospect of improving parliamentary accountability and the formation of a European public space.

Intercultural Dialogue and Multi level Governance in Europe

Author: Léonce Bekemans
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9789052018713
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book offers an interdisciplinary and in-depth analysis of the relationship between intercultural dialogue and multi-level governance, seen from a human rights-based perspective. It brings together papers that were originally presented at international workshops organised by the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence of the University of Padua in 2010-2011 with some additional contributions. The authors deal with a broad and diversified framework of concepts, policy approaches and linkages between multi-level governance and intercultural dialogue, particularly in the fields of education and civil society participation. The volume follows a multi-disciplinary approach and presents these readings and reflections for an audience of scholars, as well as individuals and organisations interested in issues around human rights, governance, education and civil society. Its innovative approach addresses the complex issues of today's societies, which are in need of sustainable, coherent and responsible answers at both the conceptual and the policy level.<BR> In short, the book proposes a reading of interconnecting trajectories from governance building, education and civil society to intercultural dialogue in Europe. It is grounded in a human rights perspective and responds to the need for a policy-oriented but value-driven European future.