The Equitable Forest

Author: Carol J. Pierce Colfer,
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136523464
Format: PDF
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While there continues to be refinement in defining and assessing sustainable management, there remains the urgent need for policies that create the conditions that support sustainability and can halt or slow destructive practices already underway. Carol Colfer and her contributors maintain that standardized solutions to forest problems from afar have failed to address both human and environmental needs. Such approaches, they argue, often neglect the knowledge that local stakeholders have accumulated over generations as forest managers and do not address issues involving the diversity and well-being of groups within communities. The contributors note that these problems persist despite clear evidence that equity and social relationships, including gender roles, are important factors in the ways that communities adapt to change and manage forest resources overall. The Equitable Forest offers an alternative to traditional, externally organized strategies for forest management. Termed adaptive collaborative management (ACM), the approach tries to better acknowledge the diversity, complexity, and unpredictability of human and natural systems. ACM works to strengthen local institutions and use the knowledge and capacity of groups in local communities to enhance the health and well-being of both forests and the people who live in and around them. The Equitable Forest provides a detailed explanation of the descriptive, analytical, and methodological tools of ACM, along with accounts of early stages of its implementation in tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Although the contributors make it clear that it is too soon to evaluate the efficacy of ACM, their work is supported by evidence that rural communities do make important contributions when involved in formal forest management; that management strategies are most effective when flexible and tailored to local contexts; and that efforts by outside governmental and nongovernmental organizations to support local management are feasible from the policymaking perspective, and desirable for their impact on human, economic, and environmental well-being.

Governing Africa s Forests in a Globalized World

Author: Laura Anne German
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136545514
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Many countries around the world are engaged in decentralization processes, and most African countries face serious problems with forest governance, from benefits sharing to illegality and sustainable forest management. This book summarizes experiences to date on the extent and nature of decentralization and its outcomes - most of which suggest an underperformance of governance reforms - and explores the viability of different governance instruments in the context of weak governance and expanding commercial pressures over forests. Findings are grouped into two thematic areas: decentralization, livelihoods and sustainable forest management; and international trade, finance and forest sector governance reforms. The authors examine diverse forces shaping the forest sector, including the theory and practice of decentralization, usurpation of authority, corruption and illegality, inequitable patterns of benefits capture and expansion of international trade in timber and carbon credits, and discuss related outcomes on livelihoods, forest condition and equity. The book builds on earlier volumes exploring different dimensions of decentralization and perspectives from other world regions, and distills dimensions of forest governance that are both unique to Africa and representative of broader global patterns. The authors ground their analysis in relevant theory while drawing out implications of their findings for policy and practice.

Getting Biodiversity Projects to Work

Author: Thomas O. McShane
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231529724
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book explores both the theoretical and practical underpinnings of integrated conservation and development. It synthesizes existing experience to better inform conservationists and decision makers of the role ICDPs play in conservation and management and analyzes their successes and shortcomings. Contributors: Agnes Kiss; Brian Child and Barry Dalal-Clayton; Dennis Glick and Curtis Freese; Gill Shepherd; Jeffery Sayer and Michael P. Wells; Katrina Brown; master of none: inherent contradictions among ICD approaches, John G. Robinson a; Michael P. Wells, Thomas O. McShane, Holly T. Dublin, Sheila O’Connor and Kent ; Nick Salafsky and Richard Margoluis; parks and projects: a review of three Costa Rican ICDPs, Katrina Brandon and Mic; Phil Franks and Thomas Blomley; Philippines, Edgardo Tongson and Marisel Dino; Shekhar Singh and Arpan Sharma; Steve Gartlan; Thomas O. McShane and Michael P. Wells; Thomas O. McShane and Suad A. Newby; whose trade-offs?, Stewart Maginnis, Bill Jackson and Nigel Dudley

Re Orient

Author: Aat Emile Vervoorn
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Reorient: Change in Asian Societies offers a thematic look at the major issues facing societies in Asia. While the book examines the major changes, trends, and problems experienced by Asian societies in the modern world, it does so by recognizing the influence of history on a societys cultural patterns, institutions, and people. The text questions stereotypes about Asia, arguing that each society is unique and complex, and that although different societies all face much the same issues and problems, it may be appropriate for them to respond in different ways. Topics include globalisation; demographic change and population growth; ethnicity and political self-determination; economic development and inequality; gender relations; environmental degradation and resource depletion; employment; and media and censorship.

The Complex Forest

Author: Carol J. P. Colfer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113652312X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Complex Forest systematically examines the theory, processes, and early outcomes of a research and management approach called adaptive collaborative management (ACM). An alternative to positivist approaches to development and conservation that assume predictability in forest management, ACM acknowledges the complexity and unpredictability inherent in any forest community and the importance of developing solutions together with the forest peoples whose lives will be most affected by the outcomes. Building on earlier work that established the importance of flexible, collaborative approaches to sustainable forest management, The Complex Forest describes the work of ACM practitioners facing a broad range of challenges in diverse settings and attempts to identify the conditions under which ACM is most effective. Case studies of ACM in 33 forest sites in 11 countries together with Colfer's systematic comparison of results at each site indicate that human and institutional capabilities have been strengthened. In Zimbabwe, for example, the number of women involved in decisionmaking soared. In Nepal, community members detected and sanctioned dishonest community elites. In Cameroon and Bolivia, learning programs resulted in better conflict management. These are early results, but a wide range of recent research supports Colfer's belief that these new capabilities will eventually contribute to higher incomes and to sustainable improvements in the health of forests and forest peoples. The Complex Forest reinforces calls for change in the way we plan conservation and development programs, away from command-and-control approaches, toward ones that require bureaucratic flexibility and responsiveness, as well as greater local participation in setting priorities and problem solving.