The Equilibrium Theory of Inhomogeneous Polymers

Author: Glenn Fredrickson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780199673797
Format: PDF
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This book provides a pedagogical introduction to the theoretical and computer simulation techniques that are useful in the design of polymer formulations including personal care products, multiphase plastic materials, processed foods, and colloidal and nanoparticle dispersions.

Phase Space Methods for Degenerate Quantum Gases

Author: Bryan J. Dalton
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199562741
Format: PDF, Docs
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This is a text and reference book on phase space theory for post-graduate students and researchers in the fields of condensed matter, cold quantum gases, and quantum optics who already have a basic understanding of quantum theory. The aim of the book is to provide a theoretical framework for understanding the physics of degenerate quantum gases, which occur in all these fields. The phase space theory is outlined both in terms of a treatment involving separatesingle particle states or modes and in terms of a treatment involving quantum fields. The book contains detailed derivations of all the key results, includes chapters covering necessary backgroundmathematics, with many exercises being provided for readers who wish to check their understanding.

Quantum Gravity

Author: Marlys Staudt
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191607401
Format: PDF
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The search for a quantum theory of the gravitational field is one of the great open problems in theoretical physics. This book presents a self-contained discussion of the concepts, methods and applications that can be expected in such a theory. The two main approaches to its construction -- the direct quantisation of Einstein's general theory of relativity and string theory -- are covered. Whereas the first attempts to construct a viable theory for the gravitational field alone,string theory assumes that a quantum theory of gravity will be achieved only through a unification of all the interactions. However, both employ the general method of quantization of constrained systems, which is described together with illustrative examples relevant for quantum gravity. There is adetailed presentation of the main approaches employed in quantum general relativity: path-integral quantization, the background-field method and canonical quantum gravity in the metric, connection and loop formulations. The discussion of string theory centres around its quantum-gravitational aspects and the comparison with quantum general relativity. Physical applications discussed at length include the quantization of black holes, quantum cosmology, the indications of a discrete structure ofspacetime, and the origin of irreversibility.The second edition will add some sections on topical issues. These include loop quantum cosmology, dynamical triangulation, renormalization-group approach, primordial black holes, and information-loss problem for black holes. The second edition will also contain some pedagogical extensions.This book will be of interest to researchers and students working in relativity and gravitation, cosmology, quantum field theory and related topics. It will also be of interest to mathematicians and philosophers of science.

Chern Simons Theory Matrix Models and Topological Strings

Author: Marcos Marino
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198568490
Format: PDF
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After an introduction to matrix models and Cherns-Simons gauge theory, this book describes in detail the topological string theories that correspond to these gauge theories and develops the mathematical implication of this duality for the enumerative geometry of Calabi-Yau manifolds and knot theory.

The Theory of Polymer Dynamics

Author: Masao Doi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198520337
Format: PDF, ePub
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'This book is destined to join the classics of polymer science...an essential purchase for any serious student of polymer dynamics.' British Polymer Journal

Electronic and Optical Properties of Conjugated Polymers

Author: William Barford
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199677468
Format: PDF
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Conjugated polymers have important technological applications including solar cells and light emitting devices. They are active components in many important biological processes. This book describes and explains the electronic and optical properties of conjugated polymers by developing theoretical models to understand the key electronic states.

Effective Medium Theory

Author: Tuck C. Choy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198705093
Format: PDF, Docs
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Effective medium theory is a tool used in condensed matter physics to consider the effect of interactions between fields and materials with various properties. Professor Choy covers both the underlying theory and practical applications.

Introduction to the Theory of Ferromagnetism

Author: Amikam Aharoni
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780198508083
Format: PDF
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The present book is the second edition of Amikam Aharoni's Introduction to the Theory of Ferromagnetism, based on a popular lecture course. Like its predecessor, it serves a two-fold purpose: First, it is a textbook for first-year graduate and advanced undergraduate students in both physics and engineering. Second, it explains the basic theoretical principles on which the work is based for practising engineers and experimental physicists who work in the field of magnetism, thus also serving to a certain extent as a reference book. For both professionals and students the emphasis is on introducing the foundations of the different subfields, highlighting the direction and tendency of the most recent research. For this new edition, the author has thoroughly updated the material especially of chapters 9 ('The Nucleation Problem') and 11 ('Numerical Micromagnetics'), which now contain the state of the art required by students and professionals who work on advanced topics of ferromagnetism. From reviews on the 1/e: '... a much needed, thorough introduction and guide to the literature. It is full of wisdom and commentary. Even more, it is Amikam Aharoni at his best - telling a story... He is fun to read... The extensive references provide an advanced review of micromagnetics and supply sources for suitable exercises... there is much for the student to do with the guidance provided by Introduction to the Theory of Ferromagnetism.' A. Arrott, Physics Today, September 1997

Theory of Nonequilibrium Superconductivity

Author: N. B. Kopnin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198507887
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This is the first text on the modern theory of superconductivity. It deals with the behaviour of superconductors in external fields varying in time, and with transport phenomena in superconductors. The book starts with the fundamentals of the first-principle, microscopic theory of superconductivity, and guides the reader through the modern theoretical analysis directly to applications of the theory to practical problems. The reader of this book will learn about the methods of quantum field theory applied to nonstationary superconductivity in their most advanced formulation, namely about the so-called semi-classical version of the real-time Green's function technique applied to the celebrated Bardeen, Cooper, and Schrieffer model of superconductivity. A considerable part of the book is devoted to vortex dynamics, dealing with the behaviour of superconductors in the most practical situation when they carry electric currents in the presence of a magnetic field.

Quantum Chromodynamics

Author: Günther Dissertori
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198505728
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book provides an introduction to Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), the theory of strong interactions. It covers in full detail both the theoretical foundations and the experimental tests of the theory. Although the experimental chapters focus on recent measurements, the subject is placed intohistorical perspective by also summarizing the steps which led to the formulation of QCD. Measurements are discussed as they were performed by the LEP experiments at CERN, or at hadron-hadron and lepton-hadron colliders such as the TEVATRON at Fermilab and HERA at DESY. Emphasis is placed on highenergy tests of QCD, such as measurements of the strong coupling constant, investigations of the non-abelian structure of the underlying gauge group, determinations of nucleon structure functions, and studies of the non-perturbative hadronization process. This excellent text gives a detailedoverview of how QCD developed in the 20th century and where we stand with respect to a quantitative understanding after the turn of the millenium. The text is intended for graduate and postgraduate students as well as researchers, and includes numerous problems and solutions.