The Credit Scoring Toolkit Theory and Practice for Retail Credit Risk Management and Decision Automation

Author: Raymond Anderson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780199226405
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Credit Scoring Toolkit provides an all-encompassing view of the use of statistical models to assess retail credit risk and provide automated decisions. In eight modules, the book provides frameworks for both theory and practice. It first explores the economic justification and history of Credit Scoring, risk linkages and decision science, statistical and mathematical tools, the assessment of business enterprises, and regulatory issues ranging from data privacy to Basel II. It then provides a practical how-to-guide for scorecard development, including data collection, scorecard implementation, and use within the credit risk management cycle. Including numerous real-life examples and an extensive glossary and bibliography, the text assumes little prior knowledge making it an indispensable desktop reference for graduate students in statistics, business, economics and finance, MBA students, credit risk and financial practitioners.

The Credit Scoring Toolkit

Author: Raymond Anderson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199226407
Format: PDF
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The Credit Scoring Toolkit provides an all-encompassing view of the use of statistical models to assess retail credit risk and provide automated decisions.In eight modules, the book provides frameworks for both theory and practice. It first explores the economic justification and history of Credit Scoring, risk linkages and decision science, statistical and mathematical tools, the assessment of business enterprises, and regulatory issues ranging from data privacy to Basel II. It then provides a practical how-to-guide for scorecard development, including data collection, scorecard implementation, and use within the credit risk management cycle.Including numerous real-life examples and an extensive glossary and bibliography, the text assumes little prior knowledge making it an indispensable desktop reference for graduate students in statistics, business, economics and finance, MBA students, credit risk and financial practitioners.

Credit Risk Scorecards

Author: Naeem Siddiqi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118429168
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Praise for Credit Risk Scorecards "Scorecard development is important to retail financial services in terms of credit risk management, Basel II compliance, and marketing of credit products. Credit Risk Scorecards provides insight into professional practices in different stages of credit scorecard development, such as model building, validation, and implementation. The book should be compulsory reading for modern credit risk managers." —Michael C. S. Wong Associate Professor of Finance, City University of Hong Kong Hong Kong Regional Director, Global Association of Risk Professionals "Siddiqi offers a practical, step-by-step guide for developing and implementing successful credit scorecards. He relays the key steps in an ordered and simple-to-follow fashion. A 'must read' for anyone managing the development of a scorecard." —Jonathan G. Baum Chief Risk Officer, GE Consumer Finance, Europe "A comprehensive guide, not only for scorecard specialists but for all consumer credit professionals. The book provides the A-to-Z of scorecard development, implementation, and monitoring processes. This is an important read for all consumer-lending practitioners." —Satinder Ahluwalia Vice President and Head-Retail Credit, Mashreqbank, UAE "This practical text provides a strong foundation in the technical issues involved in building credit scoring models. This book will become required reading for all those working in this area." —J. Michael Hardin, PhD Professor of StatisticsDepartment of Information Systems, Statistics, and Management ScienceDirector, Institute of Business Intelligence "Mr. Siddiqi has captured the true essence of the credit risk practitioner's primary tool, the predictive scorecard. He has combined both art and science in demonstrating the critical advantages that scorecards achieve when employed in marketing, acquisition, account management, and recoveries. This text should be part of every risk manager's library." —Stephen D. Morris Director, Credit Risk, ING Bank of Canada

Consumer Credit Models Pricing Profit and Portfolios

Author: Lyn C. Thomas
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191552496
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A text aimed at credit analysts in industry and students in Statistics, Management Science, Operational Research and Banking and Finance Masters courses that will use simple probability models and logical arguments to explain consumer credit scoring. - ;The use of credit scoring - the quantitative and statistical techniques to assess the credit risks involved in lending to consumers - has been one of the most successful if unsung applications of mathematics in business for the last fifty years. Now with lenders changing their objectives from minimising defaults to maximising profits, the saturation of the consumer credit market allowing borrowers to be more discriminating in their choice of which loans, mortgages and credit cards to use, and the Basel Accord banking regulations raising the profile of credit scoring within banks there are a number of challenges that require new models that use credit scores as inputs and extensions of the ideas in credit scoring. This book reviews the current methodology and measures used in credit scoring and then looks at the models that can be used to address these new challenges. The first chapter describes what a credit score is and how a scorecard is built which gives credit scores and models how the score is used in the lending decision. The second chapter describes the different ways the quality of a scorecard can be measured and points out how some of these measure the discrimination of the score, some the probability prediction of the score, and some the categorical predictions that are made using the score. The remaining three chapters address how to use risk and response scoring to model the new problems in consumer lending. Chapter three looks at models that assist in deciding how to vary the loan terms made to different potential borrowers depending on their individual characteristics. Risk based pricing is the most common approach being introduced. Chapter four describes how one can use Markov chains and survival analysis to model the dynamics of a borrower's repayment and ordering behaviour . These models allow one to make decisions that maximise the profitability of the borrower to the lender and can be considered as part of a customer relationship management strategy. The last chapter looks at how the new banking regulations in the Basel Accord apply to consumer lending. It develops models that show how they will change the operating decisions used in consumer lending and how their need for stress testing requires the development of new models to assess the credit risk of portfolios of consumer loans rather than a models of the credit risks of individual loans. -

Credit Scoring and Its Applications Second Edition

Author: Lyn Thomas
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 1611974550
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Credit Scoring and Its Applications is recognized as the bible of credit scoring. It contains a comprehensive review of the objectives, methods, and practical implementation of credit and behavioral scoring. The authors review principles of the statistical and operations research methods used in building scorecards, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of each approach. The book contains a description of practical problems encountered in building, using, and monitoring scorecards and examines some of the country-specific issues in bankruptcy, equal opportunities, and privacy legislation. It contains a discussion of economic theories of consumers' use of credit, and readers will gain an understanding of what lending institutions seek to achieve by using credit scoring and the changes in their objectives. New to the second edition are lessons that can be learned for operations research model building from the global financial crisis, current applications of scoring, discussions on the Basel Accords and their requirements for scoring, new methods for scorecard building and new expanded sections on ways of measuring scorecard performance. And survival analysis for credit scoring. Other unique features include methods of monitoring scorecards and deciding when to update them, as well as different applications of scoring, including direct marketing, profit scoring, tax inspection, prisoner release, and payment of fines.

The Management of Consumer Credit

Author: S. Finlay
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230275222
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book explains how financial institutions, such as banks and finance houses, manage their portfolios of credit cards, loans, mortgages and other types of retail credit agreements. The second edition has been substantially updated, with new chapters on capital requirements, Basel II, scorecard and portfolio monitoring.

Credit Risk Management

Author: Jiří Witzany
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319498002
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book introduces to basic and advanced methods for credit risk management. It covers classical debt instruments and modern financial markets products. The author describes not only standard rating and scoring methods like Classification Trees or Logistic Regression, but also less known models that are subject of ongoing research, like e.g. Support Vector Machines, Neural Networks, or Fuzzy Inference Systems. The book also illustrates financial and commodity markets and analyzes the principles of advanced credit risk modeling techniques and credit derivatives pricing methods. Particular attention is given to the challenges of counterparty risk management, Credit Valuation Adjustment (CVA) and the related regulatory Basel III requirements. As a conclusion, the book provides the reader with all the essential aspects of classical and modern credit risk management and modeling.

Retail Credit Risk Management

Author: M. Anolli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137006765
Format: PDF
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Introducing the fundamentals of retail credit risk management, this book provides a broad and applied investigation of the related modeling theory and methods, and explores the interconnections of risk management, by focusing on retail and the constant reference to the implications of the financial crisis for credit risk management.

Credit Scoring for Risk Managers

Author: Elizabeth Mays
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781450578967
Format: PDF, Docs
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This is the second edition of Credit Scoring For Risk Managers: The Handbook for Lenders. Like the first edition, it was written for bankers and other consumer lenders who need a clear understanding of how to use credit scoring effectively throughout the loan life cycle. In today's financial system, scoring is used by virtually all lenders for all types of consumer lending assets, making it vitally important that risk managers understand how to manage and monitor scores and how to set policies for their use. This edition is substantially different from the first edition published in 2004. The world's economies have been through a major financial crisis and severe recession and some have questioned the role and value of models and scores used by lenders in the years leading up to the U.S. housing collapse and economic downturn. We have devoted a significant portion of the book to topics relevant to ensuring scorecards are properly managed through volatile environments and controlling the risk of using credit scores for decision-making. Ten of the book's sixteen chapters are new. Many focus on scorecard management practices and on controlling model risk. Score management refers to all the activities model managers and users engage in after the scorecard is developed. These include setting proper lending policies to use in conjunction with the score, periodic back-testing and validation, and remediation of any issues that may arise related to scorecard performance. Chapter 4 takes the reader step by step through a scorecard development project and discusses best practices for managing and documenting scorecard projects to increase the transparency of the performance, assumptions and limitations of scoring models. The last three chapters are devoted to the important topic of score model governance. Chapter 14 describes how to design a model governance framework to ensure credit scoring models are properly developed, used and validated on an on-going basis. Chapter 15 is focused on model monitoring and back-testing and describes a set of reports lenders should create and review to ensure their scorecards are performing well. Independent review of risk models by a third-party model expert is an important part of sound model governance. In Chapter 16 we describe how to carry out a thorough independent model review. Other chapters focus on new material not covered in the previous edition including types of data that are used as predictive information in scores (Chapter 3), fair lending analysis of scorecards and the creation of adverse action reasons (Chapter 11), the use of scores as components of other models (Chapter 10), common scoring mistakes to avoid (Chapter 12) and the important topic of reject inference (Chapter 9).

Credit Risk Scorecards

Author: Mamdouh Refaat
Publisher: Lulu.com
ISBN: 9781447511199
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book provides a systematic presentation of credit risk scorecard development and implementation. The text covers the theoretical foundations, the practical implementation and programming using SAS. The book topics include: Data acquisition - data preparation EDA, predictive measures and variable selection Optimal segmentation and binning Coarse classing and WOE transformations Development of logistic regression models Methods of model assessment and evaluation Scorecard creation and scaling Automatic generation of scoring code (SAS, SQL, C) Scorecard monitoring and reporting Reject inference The SAS implementation contains over 50 ready-to-use SAS macros that can be implemented in the automation of the scorecard creation process.