The Constitution and the Future of Criminal Justice in America

Author: John T. Parry
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107434068
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Constitution and the Future of Criminal Justice in America brings together leading scholars from law, psychology and criminology to address timely and important topics in US criminal justice. The book tackles cutting-edge issues related to terrorism, immigration and transnational crime, and to the increasingly important connections between criminal law and the fields of social science and neuroscience. It also provides critical new perspectives on intractable problems such as the right to counsel, race and policing, and the proper balance between security and privacy. By putting legal theory and doctrine into a concrete and accessible context, the book will advance public policy and scholarly debates alike. This collection of essays is appropriate for anyone interested in understanding the current state of criminal justice and its future challenges.

The Collapse of American Criminal Justice

Author: William J. Stuntz
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674051750
Format: PDF, Docs
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Rule of law has vanished in America’s criminal justice system. Prosecutors decide whom to punish; most accused never face a jury; policing is inconsistent; plea bargaining is rampant; and draconian sentencing fills prisons with mostly minority defendants. A leading criminal law scholar looks to history for the roots of these problems—and solutions.

Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice

Author: Franklin E. Zimring
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479841560
Format: PDF
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This is a hopeful but complicated era for those with ambitions to reform the juvenile courts and youth-serving public institutions in the United States. As advocates plea for major reforms, many fear the public backlash in making dramatic changes. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice provides a look at the recent trends in juvenile justice as well as suggestions for reforms and policy changes in the future. Should youth be treated as adults when they break the law? How can youth be deterred from crime? What factors should be considered in how youth are punished?What role should the police have in schools? This essential volume, edited by two of the leading scholars on juvenile justice, and with contributors who are among the key experts on each issue, the volume focuses on the most pressing issues of the day: the impact of neuroscience on our understanding of brain development and subsequent sentencing, the relationship of schools and the police, the issue of the school-to-prison pipeline, the impact of immigration, the privacy of juvenile records, and the need for national policies—including registration requirements--for juvenile sex offenders. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice is not only a timely collection, based on the most current research, but also a forward-thinking volume that anticipates the needs for substantive and future changes in juvenile justice.

The New Criminal Justice Thinking

Author: Sharon Dolovich
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479831549
Format: PDF, Docs
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A vital collection for reforming criminal justice. After five decades of punitive expansion, the entire U.S. criminal justice system— mass incarceration, the War on Drugs, police practices, the treatment of juveniles and the mentally ill, glaring racial disparity, the death penalty and more — faces challenging questions. What exactly is criminal justice? How much of it is a system of law and how much is a collection of situational social practices? What roles do the Constitution and the Supreme Court play? How do race and gender shape outcomes? How does change happen, and what changes or adaptations should be pursued? The New Criminal Justice Thinking addresses the challenges of this historic moment by asking essential theoretical and practical questions about how the criminal system operates. In this thorough and thoughtful volume, scholars from across the disciplines of legal theory, sociology, criminology, Critical Race Theory, and organizational theory offer crucial insights into how the criminal system works in both theory and practice. By engaging both classic issues and new understandings, this volume offers a comprehensive framework for thinking about the modern justice system. For those interested in criminal law and justice, The New Criminal Justice Thinking offers a profound discussion of the complexities of our deeply flawed criminal justice system, complexities that neither legal theory nor social science can answer alone.

Mass Incarceration on Trial

Author: Jonathan Simon
Publisher: New Press, The
ISBN: 1595587926
Format: PDF, Docs
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For nearly forty years the United States has been gripped by policies that have placed more than 2.5 million Americans in jails and prisons designed to hold a fraction of that number of inmates. Our prisons are not only vast and overcrowded, they are degrading—relying on racist gangs, lockdowns, and Supermax-style segregation units to maintain a tenuous order. Mass Incarceration on Trial examines a series of landmark decisions about prison conditions—culminating in Brown v. Plata, decided in May 2011 by the U.S. Supreme Court—that has opened an unexpected escape route from this trap of “tough on crime” politics. This set of rulings points toward values that could restore legitimate order to American prisons and, ultimately, lead to the demise of mass incarceration. Simon argues that much like the school segregation cases of the last century, these new cases represent a major breakthrough in jurisprudence—moving us from a hollowed-out vision of civil rights to the threshold of human rights and giving court backing for the argument that, because the conditions it creates are fundamentally cruel and unusual, mass incarceration is inherently unconstitutional. Since the publication of Michelle Alexander’s The New Jim Crow, states around the country have begun to question the fundamental fairness of our criminal justice system. This book offers a provocative and brilliant reading to the end of mass incarceration.

The American System of Criminal Justice

Author: George F. Cole
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1337558907
Format: PDF
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This classic best seller, commonly referred to as The Eagle, helps students discover the challenges of pursuing justice in our society and identify the roles individuals play in the criminal justice system. Using an interdisciplinary lens, THE AMERICAN SYSTEM OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE, 16th Edition, presents elements from criminology, sociology, law, history, psychology, and political science. This approach challenges students to ask important questions and recognize contemporary problems as the means to build their understanding of the system's components and stages as well as its human consequences and policy challenges. Cole, Smith, and DeJong offer solid scholarship, approachable writing, and current, compelling events and cases that hold students' attention, thereby preparing them to participate in the system as citizens and future criminal justice practitioners. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Past Present and Future of American Criminal Justice

Author: Brendan Maguire
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9781882289400
Format: PDF, ePub
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Today's criminal justice system is the product of adjustments and reappraisals of policies and practices of the past. The Past Present, and Future of American Criminal Justice highlights how criminal justice has changed and how it continues to change. It brings together three sections: on police, courts, and corrections. Each section contains a historical case study chapter, a chapter on the contemporary patterns, and a chapter of informed speculations on future trends. Altogether The Past, Present and Future gives an excellent overview the everchanging U.S. criminal justice system.

Keeping Faith with the Constitution

Author: Goodwin Liu
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199752836
Format: PDF
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Chief Justice John Marshall argued that a constitution "requires that only its great outlines should be marked [and] its important objects designated." Ours is "intended to endure for ages to come, and consequently, to be adapted to the various crises of human affairs." In recent years, Marshall's great truths have been challenged by proponents of originalism and strict construction. Such legal thinkers as Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia argue that the Constitution must be construed and applied as it was when the Framers wrote it. In Keeping Faith with the Constitution, three legal authorities make the case for Marshall's vision. They describe their approach as "constitutional fidelity"--not to how the Framers would have applied the Constitution, but to the text and principles of the Constitution itself. The original understanding of the text is one source of interpretation, but not the only one; to preserve the meaning and authority of the document, to keep it vital, applications of the Constitution must be shaped by precedent, historical experience, practical consequence, and societal change. The authors range across the history of constitutional interpretation to show how this approach has been the source of our greatest advances, from Brown v. Board of Education to the New Deal, from the Miranda decision to the expansion of women's rights. They delve into the complexities of voting rights, the malapportionment of legislative districts, speech freedoms, civil liberties and the War on Terror, and the evolution of checks and balances. The Constitution's framers could never have imagined DNA, global warming, or even women's equality. Yet these and many more realities shape our lives and outlook. Our Constitution will remain vital into our changing future, the authors write, if judges remain true to this rich tradition of adaptation and fidelity.

Criminal Justice in Action The Core

Author: Larry Gaines
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0495094757
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Fourth Edition of CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN ACTION: THE CORE does, indeed, place you in the center of the action! You'll learn about the field's latest developments right out of today's news. You'll explore vivid real-life applications that clarify key criminal justice concepts. And you'll read about the many exciting new career opportunities that the field now offers. Every chapter in this book is a multimedia-linked study center, helping you to excel in the course. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Missing American Jury

Author: Suja A. Thomas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107055652
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Explores why juries have declined in power and how the federal government and the states have taken the jury's authority.