System Safety for the 21st Century

Author: Richard A. Stephans
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118591526
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Summarizes the current state of "front-end" risk-control techniques Many approaches to risk control are possible. However, only through careful reading, evaluation, and study can one make the best choice of a practical philosophy for a system safety program. The goal is to apply the best scientific and engineering principles in the best way, resulting in the soundest and safest possible system. System Safety for the 21st Century provides in-depth coverage of this specialized discipline within the safety profession. Written for both technical and nontechnical reference, this clearly organized text serves as a resource for both students and practitioners. It gives basic and essential information about the identification, evaluation, analysis, and control of hazards in components, systems, subsystems, processes, and facilities. Integrating the changes to the field that have occurred since publication of the first edition, this revised and expanded resource offers: * Logical progression from basics to techniques to applications * New focus on process safety not found in other texts * A new and unique section on professionalism for system safety and other safety practitioners * Presentation of both system safety scope and essentials * Consistent chapter format for easy learning includes an introduction and summary for each chapter * Review questions reinforcing important points * A combination of basis requirements with practical experience * Information on selected techniques to assess hazards and provide management oversight * An updated section on protecting against external events in the light of the global terrorist threat * Critiques of existing systems, including those of the Department of Defense and the * Department of Energy Relevant to industry, academia, and government, System Safety for the 21st Century is an essential resource for anyone studying or implementing proactive hazard identification and risk control techniques and procedures.

21st Century Security and CPTED

Author: Randall I. Atlas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420068085
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Once overlooked as a minor and ineffective tactic in the mitigation and prevention of terrorism and violent crime, Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) has undergone dramatic changes since the September 11 attacks. The most up-to-date reevaluation of CPTED since 2000, 21st Century Security and CPTED reflects updates and amendments to the rules for security in the built environment and presents the knowledge and practice of CPTED as applied to today’s world of threats, including street crime, workplace violence, and terrorism. Edited by America’s premier architect, criminologist, and Certified Protection Professional, and boasting contributions from the world’s top CPTED practitioners, this book represents the first collection of CPTED information to be readily accessible to the architectural and law enforcement communities. Facilitating understanding across fields, it explains the architecture process to security directors and the security design process to architects. Providing step-by-step guidelines for applying real-world concepts, principles, and processes for building security and CPTED, the book starts with the risk threat assessment and considers relevant factors and variables all the way through construction and post-occupancy evaluation. Highly relevant to critical infrastructure protection, the book demonstrates CPTED implementation in high-security environments, as well as public and private sector buildings, parks, ATMs, and schools. It addresses specialization in security system design and planning, crime prevention, blast mitigation, and chemical, biological, and nuclear threat protection. A practical resource and guide for architects, security directors, law enforcement, Homeland Security professionals, and building and property managers, 21st Century Security and CPTED addresses how CPTED is applicable to critical infrastructure protection in the continuing effort for homeland security.

Database Nation

Author: Simson Garfinkel
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9780596550646
Format: PDF, Docs
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Fifty years ago, in 1984, George Orwell imagined a future in which privacy was demolished by a totalitarian state that used spies, video surveillance, historical revisionism, and control over the media to maintain its power. Those who worry about personal privacy and identity--especially in this day of technologies that encroach upon these rights--still use Orwell's "Big Brother" language to discuss privacy issues. But the reality is that the age of a monolithic Big Brother is over. And yet the threats are perhaps even more likely to destroy the rights we've assumed were ours.Database Nation: The Death of Privacy in the 21st Century shows how, in these early years of the 21st century, advances in technology endanger our privacy in ways never before imagined. Direct marketers and retailers track our every purchase; surveillance cameras observe our movements; mobile phones will soon report our location to those who want to track us; government eavesdroppers listen in on private communications; misused medical records turn our bodies and our histories against us; and linked databases assemble detailed consumer profiles used to predict and influence our behavior. Privacy--the most basic of our civil rights--is in grave peril.Simson Garfinkel--journalist, entrepreneur, and international authority on computer security--has devoted his career to testing new technologies and warning about their implications. This newly revised update of the popular hardcover edition of Database Nation is his compelling account of how invasive technologies will affect our lives in the coming years. It's a timely, far-reaching, entertaining, and thought-provoking look at the serious threats to privacy facing us today. The book poses a disturbing question: how can we protect our basic rights to privacy, identity, and autonomy when technology is making invasion and control easier than ever before?Garfinkel's captivating blend of journalism, storytelling, and futurism is a call to arms. It will frighten, entertain, and ultimately convince us that we must take action now to protect our privacy and identity before it's too late.

Requisite Organization

Author: Elliott Jaques
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351551310
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Based on Elliott Jaques? latest research, this is a thorough revision of a book that has established itself as a classic in its field. Jaques has written a practical high-level, how-to book, that applies to all kinds of working organizations - industrial, commercial, service and public. He sets out a totally new way of doing business. Step by step, he builds up the concepts, and then introduces the working procedures to enable CEOs and senior executives, managers, and HR specialists, to develop requisite organization for themselves - in other words, organization which enhances creativity, productive effectiveness, human satisfaction and excellent morale. Requisite Organization challenges all of our current methods and assumptions in the field of organization, leadership and management, and presents a unified total management system built upon a rigorous theoretical base, Stratified Systems Theory. Any enterprise can gain a competitive edge in the short-term by introducing new products and services. In the long-term, however, an adaptive and successful enterprise calls for soundly structured organization with effective staffing and managerial leadership at every level - a requisite organization.

Place Matters

Author: Peter Dreier
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Analyzes the problematic trends facing America's cities and older suburbs and challenges us to put America's urban crisis back on the national agenda.

Modeling for All Scales

Author: Howard T. Odum
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080544366
Format: PDF, ePub
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All manner of models are used to describe, simulate, extrapolate, and ultimately understand the function of dynamic systems. These sorts of models are usually based upon a mathematical foundation that can be difficult to manipulate especially for students. Modeling for All Scales uses object-oriented programming to erect and evaluate the efficacy of models of small, intermediate and large scale systems. Such models allow users to employ intuitively based symbols and a systems ecology approach. The authors have been leaders in the systems ecology community and have originated much of the scientific vocabulary of the field. After introducing modeling and its benefits, there is a series of chapters detailing the more particular elements of successful simulation. There follows another series of chapters, each devoted to models of different sorts of systems. Small scale models of growth, competition, and evolution give way, successively, to larger and larger scale models such as international trade and the global geobiosphere. Anyone interested in an easy to use approach to modeling complex systems authored by perhaps the most original systems ecologists of the century will want this book. To further enhance the users ability to apply the lessons of this book, there is included a CD-ROM disc which provides the fundamental tools for modeling at all scales. Key Features * The book makes it possible to teach modeling and simulation without much prior knowledge of mathematics * Reasons for modeling and simulation are discussed * The book makes modeling and simulation fun by keeping focused on simplified overview minimodels that have important principles to science and society * The steps in successive chapters are arranged so that readers can teach themselves modeling, simulation, and the programming necessary to simulate the systems they diagram * The CD-ROM has minimodel programs and versions of QuickBasic and EXTEND to run them

Safe Abortion

Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241590343
Format: PDF
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At a UN General Assembly Special Session in 1999, governments recognised unsafe abortion as a major public health concern, and pledged their commitment to reduce the need for abortion through expanded and improved family planning services, as well as ensure abortion services should be safe and accessible. This technical and policy guidance provides a comprehensive overview of the many actions that can be taken in health systems to ensure that women have access to good quality abortion services as allowed by law.

Reclaiming health and safety for all

Author: Ragnar Lèfstedt
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780101821926
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The focus of this review has been on the 200 or so regulations and the 53 Approved codes of practice owned by the Health and Safety Executive. It concentrates on areas where evidence and contributions have indicated that regulations are putting undue costs on business whilst doing little to improve health and safety outcomes. The general sweep of requirements set out in health and safety legislation are broadly fit for purpose but there are a few that offer little benefit to health and safety and which the government should remove, revise or clarify, in particular the duties for self-employed people whose work activities pose no potential risk of harm to others. The much bigger problem is that regulator requirements are misunderstood and applied inappropriately and recommendations are put forward to address this. They seek to: streamline the body of regulation; re-direct enforcement activity towards business where there is the greatest risk of injury or ill health; re-balancing the civil justice system by clarifying the status of pre-action protocols and reviewing strict liability provisions