Subsistence Agriculture and Economic Development

Author: Jr. Wharton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135148768X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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One of the more perplexing problems of economic development is helping subsistence farmers break away from production simply for home consumption to become commercial farmers, producing more and more for sale in the marketplace. Although subsistence farms occupy 40 percent of the worlds cultivated land and support half of mankind, facts about them and programs to increase their output are scattered. Subsistence Agriculture and Economic Development provides a unique overview of these difficulties and their significance to economic development. It is the first book to subject subsistence agriculture to rigorous multi-disciplinary examination and to bring to light new theory and empirical evidence directed toward solving the problem.This volume contains original chapters by forty leading social scientists and agricultural specialists who summarize contemporary theory, fact, and policy on the problems of developing agriculture from subsistence to a commercial basis. Each contributor speaks from one or more of the relevant standpoints of economics, sociology, agronomy, political science, anthropology, and social psychology. There emerges a clear, meaningful picture of the subsistence farmer and the problems involved in changing his attitudes, methods of production, and economic and social environment.Broad in scope, documented with pertinent case studies, and far-reaching in its guidelines for future research and policy, this work should be read by all concerned with increasing food production and with economic development. This is an area of special concern in the uses of food products as the basis for new energy resources - an issue of increasing importance in the advancing use of ethanol as a fuel drawn from corn products.

Subsistence and Economic Development

Author: Ronald E. Seavoy
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275967819
Format: PDF, Docs
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Economic development is primarily a political process. Coercive political policies are needed to induce peasants to perform commercial labor norms in food production because this is the only way to end subsistence privation. Rather than trying to cure rural poverty, Seavoy insists that economic development can only occur when the institutions that protect subsistence labor norms in food production are replaced by institutions that motivate cultivators to perform commercial labor norms.

Subsistence Agriculture and Economic Development

Author: Clifton R. Wharton
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781315130408
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"One of the more perplexing problems of economic development is helping subsistence farmers break away from production simply for home consumption to become commercial farmers, producing more and more for sale in the marketplace. Although subsistence farms occupy 40 percent of the worlds cultivated land and support half of mankind, facts about them and programs to increase their output are scattered. Subsistence Agriculture and Economic Development provides a unique overview of these difficulties and their significance to economic development. It is the first book to subject subsistence agriculture to rigorous multi-disciplinary examination and to bring to light new theory and empirical evidence directed toward solving the problem.This volume contains original chapters by forty leading social scientists and agricultural specialists who summarize contemporary theory, fact, and policy on the problems of developing agriculture from subsistence to a commercial basis. Each contributor speaks from one or more of the relevant standpoints of economics, sociology, agronomy, political science, anthropology, and social psychology. There emerges a clear, meaningful picture of the subsistence farmer and the problems involved in changing his attitudes, methods of production, and economic and social environment.Broad in scope, documented with pertinent case studies, and far-reaching in its guidelines for future research and policy, this work should be read by all concerned with increasing food production and with economic development. This is an area of special concern in the uses of food products as the basis for new energy resources - an issue of increasing importance in the advancing use of ethanol as a fuel drawn from corn products."--Provided by publisher.

From Subsistence to Exchange and Other Essays

Author: Lord Peter Tamas Bauer
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400824649
Format: PDF, ePub
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Peter Bauer, a pioneer of development economics, is an incisive thinker whose work continues to influence fields from political science to history to anthropology. As Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen writes in the introduction to this book, "the originality, force, and extensive bearing of his writings have been quite astonishing." This collection of Bauer's essays reveals the full power and range of his thought as well as the central concern that underlies so much of his diverse work: the impact of people's conduct, their cultural institutions, and the policies of their governments on economic progress. The papers here cover pressing and controversial issues, including the process that transforms a subsistence economy into an exchange economy, the reputed correlation between poverty and population density, the alleged responsibility of the West for Third World poverty, the often counterproductive results of foreign aid, and the effects of egalitarian policies on individual freedoms. Bauer addresses these and other matters with clarity, verve, and wit, combining his deep understanding of economic theory and methodology with keen insights into human nature. The book is a penetrating account of how to develop a prosperous economy alongside a free and fair society and a stimulating introduction to the work of a man who has done so much to shape our modern understanding of developing economies and of the relationship of economics to the other social sciences. "This selection of essays will give readers a wonderful opportunity to learn about the rich world of cognizance and analysis erected by one of the great architects of political economy. I feel privileged to be able to offer this letter of invitation."--From the introduction by Amartya Sen, Nobel Laureate in economics

The subsistence perspective

Author: María Mies
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A product of twenty years of analysis and activism, this unique book poses a radical alternative to the current free-market industrial system. A book of history, theory and polemic, the authors show how, if we are to survive, economies must become needs-based, environmentally sustainable, co-operative and local. They explain how the current capitalist system is none of these things, is inherently unstable and is dependent on the exploitation of various marginalized groups, particularly women, and of the environment. They call instead for a new politics and economics based on subsistence and present examples of such a perspective in practice.

Kinship Honour and Money in Rural Pakistan

Author: Alain Lefebvre
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136805974
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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International migration is favoured by the governments of many poorer countries despite often well-publicized abuses affecting individual migrant workers. Not only is local unemployment reduced but also it is expected that the migrants will learn new skills, with many even becoming entrepreneurs on their return home. Meantime they are seen as a source of foreign remittances, providing needed capital for economic development. Such is the attitude in Pakistan from where thousands of migrant workers leave every year for the Gulf states especially. An anthropological study approaching this issue from a local (village) level, this book focuses on two areas of the Punjab. Describing the historical passage of rural life from pre-colonial times to the present, it shows how the rural economy of the Punjab was not transformed by the green revolution - on the contrary, it is still a subsistence economy. The resulting poverty combined with Pakistan's labour-market policies forces many Punjabi men to seek work abroad, in turn bringing changes to the economic role of the women left behind. Remittances from abroad have brought further changes on the economic and social life of the villages but not, as expected, to bring economic development let alone capital or entrepreneurialism to the area.

Subsistence and Survival

Author: Timothy P. Bayliss-Smith
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483288110
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Subsistence and Survival: Rural Ecology in the Pacific covers the ecology of man's environment, man's use and perception of biological resources, and the physiology and health of the human organism itself. The geographical range of this text extends from the glaciated uplands of Papua New Guinea, through the montane forests and grasslands of the Highlands, into the coastal jungles, and across to the smaller islands and atolls of the South West Pacific. This book is organized into five parts encompassing 14 chapters. The first part deals with the theory and applications of human ecology. The next part considers first the International Biological Program in New Guinea concerning the link between human ecology and biomedical research. This part also explores the nutritional adaptation among the Enga and in Melanesia, and then introduces the principles of environmental health engineering as human ecology. The subsequent two parts highlight the impact of human activities on the environment, with an emphasis on the association between environmental exploitation and human subsistence. The final part discusses the relevance of self-subsistence communities for world ecosystem management. This book will be of great value to anthropologists, geographers, human biologists, nutritionists, botanists, and public health engineers.

Agricultural commercialization economic development and nutrition

Author: Joachim Von Braun
Publisher: Johns Hopkins Univ Pr
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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The commercialization of agriculture has been the cornerstone of economic development for many developing countries. Yet there continues to be concern about the effects of commercialization on poverty and nutrition in countries that are promoting the shift away from subsistence agriculture. In Agricultural Commercialization, Economic Development, and Nutrition Joachim von Braun and Eileen Kennedy bring together a distinguished group of authorities who present solid empirical data based on a comprehensive conceptual framework. The authors examine the driving forces of commercialization, such as trade policy and infrastructure, and analyze potential risks to the poor. Original case studies based on one to three years of fieldwork by multidisciplinary teams focus on The Gambia, Kenya, Malawi, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Zambia, Guatemala, India, China, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and the Philippines. The authors conclude that commercialization of agriculture can enhance economic development through employment and income growth, which bring about improvements in nutrition, especially for the poor. This is the first comprehensive treatment of the issues that link agricultural commercialization, development, and nutrition. It provides detailed information and highlights specific policies that can further enhance the food security and nutrition effects of agricultural commercialization in a variety of settings.