Storm Water Management

Author: Petr Hlavínek
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319258354
Format: PDF
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This book reviews the current state of the art in managing infrastructure, urban regions, industrial regions and inhabited areas with respect to flooding and water damage. The author is a well-known expert in storm water management, and this book gives a broad overview of the different manageable components that play a role in storm water risks. It includes chapters on planning infrastructure and regional development, modifications in urban regions and localities with buildings and historical buildings, covering different city types and residential areas, housing and commercial zones, as well as housing development. The author then goes on to review different hydrological conditions that make areas safer, or more prone to storm water threats, and capture and store storm water. The last part of the books covers sealed infrastructure and their role in storm water hazards, including roads, public spaces, roofs, and others.

Advanced Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment A Road to Safer Society and Environment

Author: Petr Hlavinek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400702795
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Stable, safe, secure and readily available water supply is one of the key factors in ensuring a good level of the public health and a stable society. Scientific assessments show that about 80 % of diseases and one-third of the total death toll in the developing countries are caused by the low quality of the drinking water. Other countries are also suffering from water shortages and insufficient quality of the drinking water. Many rivers in Europe and in other parts of the world are significantly polluted by insufficiently treated or untreated wastewater discharge. This book is based on the discussions and papers prepared for the NATO Advanced Research Workshop that took place in Lviv, Ukraine, and addressed recent advances in water supply and wastewater treatment as a prerequisite for a safer society and environment. The contributions critically assess the existing knowledge on urban water management and provide an overview of the current water management issues, especially in the countries in transition in Central and Eastern Europe and in the Mediterranean Dialogue countries.

Urban Storm Water Management Second Edition

Author: Hormoz Pazwash
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482298961
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Design Drainage and Storm Water Management Systems Efficiently Urban Storm Water Management, Second Edition covers the design, installation, and maintenance of storm water management systems, addresses the impact of urban development on runoff and infiltration, and focuses on storm water management relative to flooding and water pollution. Recognizing that urbanization increases and accelerates runoff, reduces infiltration, and deteriorates water quality, the author proposes storm water runoff as a resource that can be conserved for reuse. He suggests the reuse of storm water runoff in general, and rainwater from roofs in particular, as a cost-effective means to achieve long-term sustainability. In addition, the book explores green infrastructure as the future of storm water management, and introduces techniques that can help reduce the thermal impacts of storm water management practices. Based on the author’s more than thirty years of experience, this book includes numerous examples and case studies illustrating the methods and procedures needed to design, maintain, and understand structural and nonstructural storm water management systems. It covers every component of the storm water runoff process, discusses commonly employed runoff models in the United States, and introduces a physically based model developed by the author. New in This Edition: Provides an updated presentation of urbanization’s impact on storm water Presents further analysis of the universal runoff model and the application of this model to non-uniform rainfalls Offers a more detailed presentation of storm water management systems, especially bio-filtration basins Includes a comparative analysis of the effectiveness and costs of best management practices (BMPs) Adds more than twice as many problems as before Contains an in-depth discussion of the means of collecting storm water, such as roof rain for outdoor and certain indoor uses Urban Storm Water Management covers the design of various types of structural storm water management systems, provides new information on storm water management, suggests alternative solutions to storm water runoff problems, and serves as an overall resource for practicing engineers and municipal planners in the design of storm water management elements.

Urban Water Management

Author: Roumen Arsov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401000573
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Urban population growth dramatically alters material and energy fluxes in the affected areas, with concomitant changes in landscape, altered fluxes of water, sediment, chemicals and pathogens and increased releases of waste heat. These changes then impact on urban ecosystems, including water resources and result in their degradation. Such circumstances make the provision of water services to urban populations even more challenging. Changing weather patterns, rising temperature and large variations in precipitation contr- ute to increased damages, caused by weather related disasters, including floods. Ones of the major contributors to increasing flood peaks are land use changes and particularl- urban development. Consequently, there is a need to look for low environmental impact land development and to manage runoff in urban areas by storm water management. Much progress in the management of urban waters has been achieved in the most - vanced jurisdictions, but much more remains to be done. In this respect the EC Water Framework Directive can provide some guidance. Urban water management issues are particularly important in the countries in transition in Central and Eastern Europe. During the last decade political, economical and social changes in the countries under transition have influenced almost every element of the public sector, including water services. There is an urgent need for exchange of information among various countries on this issue and for identification of best approaches to achieving this transition.

The Polish Climate in the European Context An Historical Overview

Author: Rajmund Przybylak
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048131679
Format: PDF
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Reconstruction of the climate variability of the past 500 years is a topic of great scientific interest not only in global terms, but also at regional and local levels. This period is interesting on account of the increasing influence of anthropogenic forcing and its overlap with natural factors. The Polish Climate in the European Context: An Historical Overview summarises the results of research into climate variability based on a combination of instrumental, documentary, dendrochronological and borehole data from Poland. The first part of the book provides a Central European perspective of research in these fields, which forms the general background for a presentation of the state of the art of climatic change studies in Poland during the past 500 years (Part 2). This is followed by a selection of papers dealing mainly with different aspects of climate variability in Poland and Central Europe (Part 3). "This book is a valuable tool integrating Polish, Central and Eastern European climate research into the global context. It is, as such, a must for climate researchers worldwide." (Gaston Demarée, Royal Meteorological Institute of Belgium) "This volume marks a significant step forward in our understanding of European climatic history." (Christian Pfister, University of Bern)

Hypogene Karst Regions and Caves of the World

Author: Alexander Klimchouk
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319533487
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book illustrates the diversity of hypogene speleogenetic processes and void-conduit patterns depending on variations of the geological environments by presenting regional and cave-specific case studies. The cases include both well-known and newly recognized hypogene karst regions and caves of the world. They all focus on geological, hydrogeological, geodynamical and evolutionary contexts of hypogene speleogenesis. The last decade has witnessed the boost in recognition of the possibility, global occurrence, and practical importance of hypogene karstification (speleogenesis), i.e. the development of solutional porosity and permeability by upwelling flow, independent of recharge from the overlying or immediately adjacent surface. Hypogene karst has been identified and documented in many regions where it was previously overlooked or misinterpreted. The book enriches the basis for generalization and categorization of hypogene karst and thus improves our ability to adequately model hypogene karstification and predict related porosity and permeability. It is a book which benefits every researcher, student, and practitioner dealing with karst.

Management of Mountain Watersheds

Author: Josef Krecek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400724764
Format: PDF, ePub
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The book aims to address the interdisciplinary targets of watershed management in mountain regions based on the current knowledge of the subject. The focus of the book is particularly on monitoring, research, and modelling the interactions between the climate, water cycle, and aquatic ecosystem. The issues of watershed management in mountain regions in different parts of Europe, Africa, America and Asia have been the central theme of the book, which is basically divided into five sections: Institutional aspects in control of mountain regions; Stream-flow processes in mountain catchments; Water chemistry and biota in mountain streams and lakes; Effects of forest practices and climate change on hydrological phenomena; and Soil conservation and control of floods and landslides. The contributions have been peer-reviewed and the interdisciplinary team of authors includes experts from the specialised areas of geography, hydrology, chemistry, biology, forestry, ecology, economy and sociology. The practical applications and management strategies mentioned in the book, deal with the integrated resource management approach, based on the compromise between the development, conservation/ protection of the nature. Finally, the socio-economic and cultural aspects, and ecosystem prevalent in a mountain catchment are discussed in detail.

Water Management at Abandoned Flooded Underground Mines

Author: Christian Wolkersdorfer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540773313
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book addresses the processes related to mine abandonment from a hydrogeological perspective and provides a comprehensive presentation of water management and innovative tracer techniques for flooded mines. After an introduction to the relevant hydrogeochemical processes the book gives detailed information about mine closure procedures. The book also includes case studies and hints, and some new methodologies for conducting tracer tests in flooded mines.

Reviving the Dying Giant

Author: Shahrooz Mohajeri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319549227
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book presents the results of an interdisciplinary research project that was set up to introduce Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) at the Zayandeh Rud, Central Iran’s most important river. As a result of climate change and a missing overall concept for sustainably managing water resources, the river has repeatedly dried up in recent years. Not only has water stress led to severe conflicts among the water using sectors and neighboring provinces, it also threatens important ecosystems in the region. Thus, the joint development of an IWRM concept for the Zayandeh Rud catchment was the main objective of the project. Comprehensive technological and non-technological measures – ranging from wastewater reuse to capacity development – were adjusted to local conditions and implemented in order to initiate an integrated, iterative IWRM process. The design of a technology-based Water Management Tool (WMT) served as the connective link to create trust, cooperation and coordination among the stakeholders and institutions.