Speech and Human Machine Dialog

Author: Wolfgang Minker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402080379
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Speech and Human-Machine Dialog focuses on the dialog management component of a spoken language dialog system. Spoken language dialog systems provide a natural interface between humans and computers. These systems are of special interest for interactive applications, and they integrate several technologies including speech recognition, natural language understanding, dialog management and speech synthesis. Due to the conjunction of several factors throughout the past few years, humans are significantly changing their behavior vis-à-vis machines. In particular, the use of speech technologies will become normal in the professional domain, and in everyday life. The performance of speech recognition components has also significantly improved. This book includes various examples that illustrate the different functionalities of the dialog model in a representative application for train travel information retrieval (train time tables, prices and ticket reservation). Speech and Human-Machine Dialog is designed for a professional audience, composed of researchers and practitioners in industry. This book is also suitable as a secondary text for graduate-level students in computer science and engineering.

Machine Conversations

Author: Yorick Wilks
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475756879
Format: PDF
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Machine Conversationsis a collection of some of the best research available in the practical arts of machine conversation. The book describes various attempts to create practical and flexible machine conversation - ways of talking to computers in an unrestricted version of English or some other language. While this book employs and advances the theory of dialogue and its linguistic underpinnings, the emphasis is on practice, both in university research laboratories and in company research and development. Since the focus is on the task and on the performance, this book provides some of the first-rate work taking place in industry, quite apart from the academic tradition. It also reveals striking and relevant facts about the tone of machine conversations and closely evaluates what users require. Machine Conversations is an excellent reference for researchers interested in computational linguistics, cognitive science, natural language processing, artificial intelligence, human computer interfaces and machine learning.

Human Factors and Voice Interactive Systems

Author: Daryle Gardner-Bonneau
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387684395
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The second edition of Human Factors and Voice Interactive Systems, in addition to updating chapters from the first edition, adds in-depth information on current topics of major interest to speech application developers. These topics include use of speech technologies in automobiles, speech in mobile phones, natural language dialogue issues in speech application design, and the human factors design, testing, and evaluation of interactive voice response (IVR) applications.

Coverbal Synchrony in Human Machine Interaction

Author: Matej Rojc
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466598263
Format: PDF
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Embodied conversational agents (ECA) and speech-based human–machine interfaces can together represent more advanced and more natural human–machine interaction. Fusion of both topics is a challenging agenda in research and production spheres. The important goal of human–machine interfaces is to provide content or functionality in the form of a dialog resembling face-to-face conversations. All natural interfaces strive to exploit and use different communication strategies that provide additional meaning to the content, whether they are human–machine interfaces for controlling an application or different ECA-based human–machine interfaces directly simulating face-to-face conversation. Coverbal Synchrony in Human-Machine Interaction presents state-of-the-art concepts of advanced environment-independent multimodal human–machine interfaces that can be used in different contexts, ranging from simple multimodal web-browsers (for example, multimodal content reader) to more complex multimodal human–machine interfaces for ambient intelligent environments (such as supportive environments for elderly and agent-guided household environments). They can also be used in different computing environments—from pervasive computing to desktop environments. Within these concepts, the contributors discuss several communication strategies, used to provide different aspects of human–machine interaction.

New Trends in Medical and Service Robots

Author: Hannes Bleuler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319238329
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Medical and Service Robotics integrate the most recent achievements in mechanics, mechatronics, computer science, haptic and teleoperation devices together with adaptive control algorithms. The book includes topics such as surgery robotics, assist devices, rehabilitation technology, surgical instrumentation and Brain-Machine Interface (BMI) as examples for medical robotics. Autonomous cleaning, tending, logistics, surveying and rescue robots, and elderly and healthcare robots are typical examples of topics from service robotics. This is the Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Medical and Service Robots, held in Lausanne, Switzerland in 2014. It presents an overview of current research directions and fields of interest. It is divided into three sections, namely 1) assistive and rehabilitation devices; 2) surgical robotics; and 3) educational and service robotics. Most contributions are strongly anchored on collaborations between technical and medical actors, engineers, surgeons and clinicians. Biomedical robotics and the rapidly growing service automation fields have clearly overtaken the “classical” industrial robotics and automatic control centered activity familiar to the older generation of roboticists.

Multimodal Analyses enabling Artificial Agents in Human Machine Interaction

Author: Ronald Böck
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319155571
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of the Second Workshop on Multimodal Analyses Enabling Artificial Agents in Human Interaction, MA3HMI 2014, held in Conjunction with INTERSPEECH 2014, in Singapore, Singapore, on September 14th, 2014. The 9 revised papers presented together with a keynote talk were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. They are organized in two sections: human-machine interaction and dialogs and speech recognition.

Simulation Based Usability Evaluation of Spoken and Multimodal Dialogue Systems

Author: Stefan Hillmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319625187
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book describes an extension of the user behaviour simulation (UBS) of an existing tool for automatic usability evaluation (AUE). This extension is based upon a user study with a smart home system. It uses technical-sociological methods for the execution of the study and the analysis of the collected data. A comparison of the resulting UBS with former UBSs, as well as the empirical data, shows that the new simulation approach outperforms the former simulation. The improvement affects the prediction of dialogue metrics that are related to dialogue efficiency and dialogue effectiveness. Furthermore, the book describes a parameter-based data model, as well as a related framework. Both are used to uniformly describe multimodal human-computer interactions and to provide such descriptions for usability evaluations. Finally, the book proposes a new two-stage method for the evaluation of UBSs. The method is based on the computation of a distance measures between two dialogue corpora and the pair-wise comparison of distances among several dialogue corpora.

Natural Interaction with Robots Knowbots and Smartphones

Author: Joseph Mariani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461482801
Format: PDF, Docs
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These proceedings presents the state-of-the-art in spoken dialog systems with applications in robotics, knowledge access and communication. It addresses specifically: 1. Dialog for interacting with smartphones; 2. Dialog for Open Domain knowledge access; 3. Dialog for robot interaction; 4. Mediated dialog (including crosslingual dialog involving Speech Translation); and,5. Dialog quality evaluation. These articles were presented at the IWSDS 2012 workshop.

Soft Computing Models in Industrial and Environmental Applications 6th International Conference SOCO 2011

Author: Emilio S. Corchado
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642196447
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume of Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing contains accepted papers presented at SOCO 2011 held in the beautiful and historic city of Salamanca, Spain, April 2011. This volume presents the papers accepted for the 2011 edition, both for the main event and the Special Sessions. SOCO 2011 Special Sessions are a very useful tool in order to complement the regular program with new or emerging topics of particular interest to the participating community. Four special sessions were organized related to relevant topics as: Optimization and Control in Industry, Speech Processing and Soft Computing, Systems, Man & Cybernetics and Soft Computing for Medical Applications.

Neural Networks and Speech Processing

Author: David P. Morgan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461539501
Format: PDF, Docs
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We would like to take this opportunity to thank all of those individ uals who helped us assemble this text, including the people of Lockheed Sanders and Nestor, Inc., whose encouragement and support were greatly appreciated. In addition, we would like to thank the members of the Lab oratory for Engineering Man-Machine Systems (LEMS) and the Center for Neural Science at Brown University for their frequent and helpful discussions on a number of topics discussed in this text. Although we both attended Brown from 1983 to 1985, and had offices in the same building, it is surprising that we did not meet until 1988. We also wish to thank Kluwer Academic Publishers for their profes sionalism and patience, and the reviewers for their constructive criticism. Thanks to John McCarthy for performing the final proof, and to John Adcock, Chip Bachmann, Deborah Farrow, Nathan Intrator, Michael Perrone, Ed Real, Lance Riek and Paul Zemany for their comments and assistance. We would also like to thank Khrisna Nathan, our most unbi ased and critical reviewer, for his suggestions for improving the content and accuracy of this text. A special thanks goes to Steve Hoffman, who was instrumental in helping us perform the experiments described in Chapter 9.