Science and the Precautionary Principle in International Courts and Tribunals

Author: Caroline E. Foster
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139500163
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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By canvassing a range of international scientific disputes, including the EC-Biotech and EC-Hormones disputes in the WTO, the case concerning Pulp Mills and the Gabcíkovo–Nagymaros case in the International Court of Justice, and the Mox Plant and Land Reclamation cases dealt with under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Caroline Foster examines how the precautionary principle can be accommodated within the rules about proof and evidence and advises on the boundary emerging between the roles of experts and tribunals. A new form of reassessment proceedings for use in exceptional cases is proposed. Breaking new ground, this book seeks to advance international adjudicatory practice by contextualising developments in the taking of expert evidence and analysing the justification of and potential techniques for a precautionary reversal of the burden of proof, as well as methods for dealing with important scientific discoveries subsequent to judgements and awards.

Self Determination in Disputed Colonial Territories

Author: Jamie Trinidad
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108307787
Format: PDF
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Self-Determination in Disputed Colonial Territories addresses the relationship between self-determination and territorial integrity in some of the most difficult decolonization cases in international law. It investigates historical cases, such as Hong Kong and the French and Portuguese territories in India, as well as cases that remain very much alive today, such as the Western Sahara, Gibraltar, the Falkland Islands and the Chagos Islands. This book provides a comprehensive analysis of colonial territories that are, or have been, the subject of adverse third-party claims, invariably by their neighbouring states. Self-Determination in Disputed Colonial Territories takes a contextual, historical approach to mapping the existing law and will be of interest to international lawyers, as well as scholars of international relations and students of the history of decolonization.

International Courts and Environmental Protection

Author: Tim Stephens
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521881226
Format: PDF, ePub
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A comprehensive examination of international environmental litigation which addresses the major environmental challenges of the twenty-first century.

International Courts and the Development of International Law

Author: Nerina Boschiero
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9067048941
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book contains a collection of essays by leading experts linked to the outstanding characteristics of the scholar in honour of whom it is published, Tullio Treves, who combines his academic background with his practical experiences of a negotiator of international treaties and a judge of an international tribunal. It covers international public and private law related to international courts and the development of international law. Under Article 38 of its Statute, the International Court of Justice can apply judicial decisions only as a “subsidiary means for the determination of rules of law”. However, there are many reasons to believe that international courts and tribunals do play quite an important role in the progressive development of international law. There are a number of decisions which are inevitably recalled as the first step, or a decisive step, in the process of the formation of a new rule of customary international law. In these cases, can the judge be considered as a subsidiary of others? Are these cases compatible with the common belief that a judge cannot create law? Is this a peculiarity of international law, which is characterized by the existence of several courts but the lack of a legislator? Do decisions by different courts lead to the consequence of a fragmented international law? This volume provides the reader with an elaboration of various questions linked to the legislative role of courts. In their choices of subjects, some contributors have taken into account the general aspects of the development of international rules through court decisions or specific sectors of international law, such as human rights, international crimes, international economic law, environmental law and the law of the sea. Others have chosen the subject of the rules on jurisdiction and procedure of international courts. The question of the courts’ role in the development of areas of law different from public international law, namely private international law and European Union law, has also been considered. The information and views contained in this book will be of great value to academics, students, judges, practitioners and all others interested in the public and private international law aspects of the link between international courts and the development of international law.

Enforcing Obligations Erga Omnes in International Law

Author: Christian J. Tams
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139448802
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The concept of obligations erga omnes - obligations to the international community as a whole - has fascinated international lawyers for decades, yet its precise implications remain unclear. This book assesses how this concept affects the enforcement of international law. It shows that all States are entitled to invoke obligations erga omnes in proceedings before the International Court of Justice, and to take countermeasures in response to serious erga omnes breaches. In addition, it suggests ways of identifying obligations that qualify as erga omnes. In order to sustain these results, the book conducts a thorough examination of international practice and jurisprudence as well as the recent work of the UN International Law Commission in the field of State responsibility. By so doing, it demonstrates that the erga omnes concept is solidly grounded in modern international law, and clarifies one of the central aspects of the international regime of law enforcement.

A Farewell to Fragmentation

Author: Mads Andenas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107082099
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Explores the role of the International Court of Justice in the re-convergence of international law. The book contends that the court's jurisprudence is transforming traditional concepts such as sovereignty, rights and jurisdiction and in so doing is leading a trend towards the reunification of international law.

Applicable Law Before International Courts and Tribunals

Author: Lorand Bartels
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780199212682
Format: PDF, Docs
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The principles according to which an international tribunal with a limited jurisdiction may apply law other than the law specific to its jurisdiction when resolving a dispute are heavily debated in international law. This book is the first to examine this issue. It analyses the relevant case law and develops rules to solve applicable law disputes.