Nordic Childhoods and Early Education

Author: Johanna Einarsdottir
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 1593113501
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In this book, noted Nordic researchers and teacher educators provide insights into early childhood discourses and practices in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. In addition to these insiders' perspectives, an American scholars explore Nordic themes, trends, and practices as they emerge in the book's chapters on such varied topics as Nordic childhoods, children's perspectives, preschool teacher education reforms and developments, transition from preschool to primary school, learning through play, caregiving and instruction.

International Perspectives on Bilingual Education

Author: John E. Petrovic
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 1607523310
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book is a defense of linguistic pluralism and language policies and practices in education that sustain that ideal. Educational meanings and models are influenced by different populations and different social and historical contexts. International comparisons can shed interesting light on the issues. Therefore, the purpose of the book is to provide scholars an international comparative understanding of language policy, its relation to educational practice, and current debates within the field. The book is divided into three sections dealing with the general topical areas of policy, practice, and controversy. This book will be of interest to policymakers, scholars, and graduate students in the areas of bilingual education, language policy, and sociolinguistics.

The A to Z of Norway

Author: Jan Sjåvik
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 0810872137
Format: PDF
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One of the smallest countries in Europe, Norway has created for itself a position in the world community, which is completely out of proportion to the size of its population. Originally the home of sub-Arctic hunters and gatherers, then of ferocious Vikings, it lost perhaps half of its population to the Black Death in 1349, ended up in a union with Denmark that lasted until 1814, and then became united with Sweden, gaining complete independence only as recently as 1905. Over the centuries the Norwegians eked out a meager living from stony fields and treacherous seas while suffering through hunger, darkness, and cold, however, its recent productive use of such natural resources as hydroelectric power, natural gas, and oil has made the Norwegians some of the richest people in the world. The A to Z of Norway supplies a wealth of information that illuminates Norway's remarkable history, society, and culture. This is done through a chronology, a bibliography, an introductory essay, appendixes, and over 250 cross-referenced dictionary entries covering events and individuals of historical, political, social, and cultural significance. Both past and present political parties are discussed, major economic sectors are described, and basic economic facts are provided. Several entries describe the history and attractions of major Norwegian cities, and Norway's role in the international community is detailed as well providing a full portrait of this vibrant country.

The Challenges of Education in Central Asia

Author: Stephen P. Heyneman
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 1607529750
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A look at the challenges facing education in Central Asia. In this study, the author contests that understanding the challenges throughout the 15 former republics of the former Soviet Union is helpful in understanding the progress and setback in the Central Asian Republics.

Nordic Childhoods 1700 1960

Author: Reidar Aasgaard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351865919
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume strengthens interest and research in the fields of both Childhood Studies and Nordic Studies by exploring conceptions of children and childhood in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden). Although some books have been written about the history of childhood in these countries, few are multidisciplinary, focus on this region as a whole, or are available in English. This volume contains essays by scholars from the fields of literature, history, theology, religious studies, intellectual history, cultural studies, Scandinavian studies, education, music, and art history. Contributors study the history of childhood in a wide variety of sources, such as folk and fairy tales, legal codes, religious texts, essays on education, letters, sermons, speeches, hymns, paintings, novels, and school essays written by children themselves. They also examine texts intended specifically for children, including text books, catechisms, newspapers, songbooks, and children’s literature. By bringing together scholars from multiple disciplines who raise distinctive questions about childhood and take into account a wide range of sources, the book offers a fresh and substantive contribution to the history of childhood in the Nordic countries between 1700 and 1960. The volume also helps readers trace the historical roots of the internationally recognized practices and policies regarding child welfare within the Nordic countries today and prompts readers from any country to reflect on their own conceptions of and commitments to children.

Educational Encounters Nordic Studies in Early Childhood Didactics

Author: Niklas Pramling
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400716179
Format: PDF
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Qualitative analyses of young children’s learning in natural settings are rare, so this new book will make educators sit up and pay attention. It lays out a Nordic, or continental European teaching and learning paradigm whose didactic framework is distinct from the Anglo-American system. This analysis, which features contributions and case studies from researchers in a range of subjects, is built on principles such as the learner’s perspective, establishing sufficient intersubjectivity, ‘pointing out’, and informing experience linguistically. After clarifying some historical background, the book discusses the contemporary emphasis in early childhood education on pedagogy/learning. What should ‘didactics’ mean in educating young children? The book examines the opportunities for learning that teachers provide for children in early childhood education, as well as how children respond to these opportunities. It presents empirical studies from a variety of naturalistic settings, including mathematics, making visual art, ecology, music, dance, literacy and story-telling, as well as learning about gender, morality and democracy. The authors seek to answer key questions about the processes involved in both teaching and learning. What challenges do teachers face as they try to expand children’s knowledge in various fields of learning? How do they respond to these challenges, and what can we learn about children’s corresponding uptake? What now requires further research? One key distinction in researching children’s learning is between studies that look at ‘process’ and those that analyze ‘product’. In the tradition of Piaget, Vygotsky and Werner, as well as Mercer and Valsiner’s more recent work, this book advocates the importance and relative rareness of the former type of study.

International Handbook of Early Childhood Education

Author: Marilyn Fleer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9402409270
Format: PDF
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This international handbook gives a comprehensive overview of findings from longstanding and contemporary research, theory, and practices in early childhood education in the Northern and Southern hemispheres. The first volume of the handbook addresses theory, methodology, and the research activities and research needs of particular regions. The second volume examines in detail innovations and longstanding programs, curriculum and assessment, and conceptions and research into child, family and communities. The two volumes of this handbook address the current theory, methodologies and research needs of specific countries and provide insight into existing global similarities in early childhood practices. By paying special attention to what is happening in the larger world contexts, the volumes provide a representative overview of early childhood education practices and research, and redress the current North-South imbalance of published work on the subject.

Nordic Social Pedagogical Approach to Early Years

Author: Charlotte Ringsmose
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319425579
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book studies the major characteristics of the social pedagogical approach to early childhood education and care. It does so by investigating the distinctive elements of the Nordic approach and tradition. The cultural, educational, and ideological structures and values within the Nordic tradition indicate a strong “social pedagogical” rather than “early education” emphasis. The Nordic tradition applies a social learning approach that emphasizes play, relationships and outdoor life, and presumes that learning takes place through children’s participation in social interaction and processes. Set against this background, the book examines the characteristics of the pedagogue and the important features that develop through the Nordic approach. It compares children educated in the Nordic tradition with those educated in the French-English and Anglo-American tradition. It explores quality in relation to how children can enjoy childhood, and at the same time become able to actively participate in society and develop the social and cognitive skills and competences that individuals require to do well in society.

Handbook on International Studies in Education

Author: Donald K. Sharpes
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 1607523833
Format: PDF, Docs
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This Handbook provides windows into worldwide research endeavors, including countries not usually widely known in international education studies. The goal of this compendium is to foster the understanding of research and education from different national and cultural perspectives, and to support the exchange of ideas and people who conduct research and development activities. From these varied individual and collaborative research projects we can infer directions for our own research agenda and for policy development. The resulting chapters represent a respectable cross-section of international research efforts. The total is representative of the variety of research techniques. Additionally, there are more women than men contributors, with sufficient representation from Muslim, Asian and developing country contributors. These seventeen chapters are an indication of what is occurring in the global educational marketplace. They represent a sound and current balance of international studies in education that can be used as models for development elsewhere. Reading them can motivate researchers everywhere to maintain a high level of scholarship that will benefit international and comparative studies and the academic profession.