Nondestructive Evaluation

Author: Peter J. Shull
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203911067
Format: PDF, ePub
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Describing NDE issues associated with real-world applications, this comprehensive book details conventional and forthcoming NDE technologies. It instructs on current practices, common techniques and equipment applications, and the potentials and limitations of current NDE methods. Each chapter details a different method, providing an overview, an explanation of the fundamental physical laws governing the method, the inspection techniques and typical equipment used in it's application, final system integration of transducers, supporting instrumentation, commonly practiced procedures necessary for viable NDE inspection, examples of how the method can be applied, and end-of-chapter problems.

Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation

Author: Tribikram Kundu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203501962
Format: PDF, ePub
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Most books on ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation (NDE) focus either on its theoretical background or on advanced applications. Furthermore, information on the most current applications, such as guided wave techniques and acoustic microscopy, is scattered throughout various conference proceedings and journals. No one book has integrated these aspects into a treatment that is both self-contained and up-to-date. Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation: Engineering and Biological Material Characterization brings together the principles, equations, and applications of ultrasonic NDE, both traditional and state-of-the-art, in a single, authoritative resource. It begins with the relevant fundamentals of mechanics, derives the basic equations of the mechanics of elastic wave propagation, and then, step-by-step, covers the advanced topics and applications of ultrasonic NDE that are at the forefront of today's research. These include engineering, biological, and clinical applications, such as structural health monitoring, the characterization of biological cells, and real-time blood flow measurement. Written in plain language by some of the world's leading experts, the chapters are filled with case studies, worked examples, and exercises that help make this book an outstanding resource for course work, as well as for reference. If you are looking for that one book that can bring you quickly up-to-speed on the principles, technologies, and latest applications of ultrasonic NDE, look no further than this book.

Ultrasonic and Electromagnetic NDE for Structure and Material Characterization

Author: Tribikram Kundu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466570474
Format: PDF
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Most books on nondestructive evaluation (NDE) focus either on the theoretical background or on advanced applications. Bridging the gap between the two, Ultrasonic and Electromagnetic NDE for Structure and Material Characterization: Engineering and Biomedical Applications brings together the principles, equations, and applications of ultrasonic and electromagnetic NDE in a single, authoritative resource. This is also one of the first books to incorporate a number of popular NDE methods based on electromagnetic techniques. Combines Engineering and Biological Material Characterization Techniques in One Book The book begins with the relevant fundamentals of mechanics and electromagnetic theory, derives the basic equations, and then, step by step, covers state-of-the-art topics and applications of ultrasonic and electromagnetic NDE that are at the forefront of research. These include engineering, biological, and clinical applications such as structural health monitoring, acoustic microscopy, the characterization of biological cells, and terahertz imaging. Covers Numerous Applications of Ultrasonic and Electromagnetic Techniques—from the Traditional to the Advanced Written in plain language by some of the world’s leading experts, the book includes worked-out examples and exercises that make this an outstanding resource for coursework. The coverage of traditional and advanced NDE applications also appeals to practicing engineers and researchers.

Acoustical Imaging

Author: Woon Siong Gan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119941717
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The technology of acoustical imaging has advanced rapidly over the last sixty years, and now represents a sophisticated technique applied to a wide range of fields including non-destructive testing, medical imaging, underwater imaging and SONAR, and geophysical exploration. Acoustical Imaging: Techniques and Applications for Engineers introduces the basic physics of acoustics and acoustical imaging, before progressing to more advanced topics such as 3D and 4D imaging, elasticity theory, gauge invariance property of acoustic equation of motion and acoustic metamaterials. The author draws together the different technologies in sonar, seismic and ultrasound imaging, highlighting the similarities between topic areas and their common underlying theory. Key features: Comprehensively covers all of the important applications of acoustical imaging. Introduces the gauge invariance property of acoustic equation of motion, with applications in the elastic constants of isotropic solids, time reversal acoustics, negative refraction, double negative acoustical metamaterial and acoustical cloaking. Contains up to date treatments on latest theories of sound propagation in random media, including statistical treatment and chaos theory. Includes a chapter devoted to new acoustics based on metamaterials, a field founded by the author, including a new theory of elasticity and new theory of sound propagation in solids and fluids and tremendous potential in several novel applications. Covers the hot topics on acoustical imaging including time reversal acoustics, negative refraction and acoustical cloaking. Acoustical Imaging: Techniques and Applications for Engineers is a comprehensive reference on acoustical imaging and forms a valuable resource for engineers, researchers, senior undergraduate and graduate students.

Fundamentals of Structural Integrity

Author: Alten F. Grandt, Jr.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471214595
Format: PDF
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Discusses applications of failures and evaluation techniques to a variety of industries. * Presents a unified approach using two key elements of structural design.

Ultrasonic Methods of Non destructive Testing

Author: J. Blitz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780412604706
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Ultrasonic Methods of Non-Destructive Testing covers the basic principles and practices of ultrasonic testing, starting with the basic theory of vibration and propagation, design and properties and probes, and then proceeding to the principles and practice of the various ultrasonic techniques for different types of components and structures, both metallic and non-metallic. The design and operation of various types of equipment are covered and references to appropriate national and international standards are provided. Numerous applications are discussed comprehensively and special attention is paid to latest developments. A large number of references is provided so as to enable the reader to obtain further information.

Advanced Structural Damage Detection

Author: Tadeusz Stepinski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118536126
Format: PDF, Docs
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Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is the interdisciplinary engineering field devoted to the monitoring and assessment of structural health and integrity. SHM technology integrates non-destructive evaluation techniques using remote sensing and smart materials to create smart self-monitoring structures characterized by increased reliability and long life. Its applications are primarily systems with critical demands concerning performance where classical onsite assessment is both difficult and expensive. Advanced Structural Damage Detection: From Theory to Engineering Applications is written by academic experts in the field and provides students, engineers and other technical specialists with a comprehensive review of recent developments in various monitoring techniques and their applications to SHM. Contributing to an area which is the subject of intensive research and development, this book offers both theoretical principles and feasibility studies for a number of SHM techniques. Key features: Takes a multidisciplinary approach and provides a comprehensive review of main SHM techniques Presents real case studies and practical application of techniques for damage detection in different types of structures Presents a number of new/novel data processing algorithms Demonstrates real operating prototypes Advanced Structural Damage Detection: From Theory to Engineering Applications is a comprehensive reference for researchers and engineers and is a useful source of information for graduate students in mechanical and civil engineering

Trends in Optical Non destructive Testing and Inspection

Author: Pramod K. Rastogi
Publisher: Elsevier Science
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book covers a wide range of measurement techniques broadly referred to as Optical Metrology, with emphasis on their applications to nondestructive testing. If we look separately at each of the two terms making the generic name Optical Metrology, we find a link to two of the most distinctive aspects of humans: a particularly well developed sense of vision and a desire to classify things using numbers and rules. Of all our five senses, vision is certainly the most developed and the closest to the rational part of our brain. It can be argued that our memory is strongly dependent on images and the brain is particularly good at processing the stimuli received from these images to extract information. Measuring, sizing and counting are, on the other hand, among the fundamental building blocks of modern society. The use of abstract quantities like size, value or intensity has simplified the description of complex enquiry and is the basis of modern science and economy. Hence, it would seem natural that the combination of two such basic aspects should result in the birth of a new field of science. However, it is known that his has not been the case. Optical Metrology remains classified as a group of special techniques used mainly in niche applications. Optical Metrology may be rightly described as an ensemble of techniques in which fields such as physics, electrical and mechanical engineering, and computer science merge and blend in new ways. This book is intended as a tribute to the career of Professor Lopold Pflug. By looking back at his lifelong commitment to the application of optical metrology to the service of engineering sciences, more particularly devoted to the observation of the real behavior of structural components, one can retrace the major revolutions that have taken place in this domain. Starting his activity in 1971 as the head of the Laboratory for Stress Analysis at the EPFL in Switzerland, he first employed photoelasticity as a tool to improve the understanding of the real behavior of complex structures. However he soon recognized the necessity of working with the real materials used to build these structures instead of on replicas made of optically birefringent materials. He then focussed on the use of moir techniques which sparked his fascination with laser-based holography and speckle-based methods. The advent of information technology led him to open up to the use of ESPI and digital image processing techniques. Finally, in the mid 1990s he became interested in the use of optical fibers as a tool for sensing deformations inside structures, not only on their surfaces as in the case of whole-field methods. It is interesting to note the parallel in the evolution of optical metrology vis ; vis developments in other fields: the development of lasers led to holographic interferometry, the availability of frame-grabbers led to ESPI and the emergence of fiber optic communications opened the way to the development of fiber optic sensors. This puts in sharp perspective the strong dependence of optical metrology on the latest technology for its development. Also interesting to note is that all fields in optical metrology touched upon by Professor Pflug are still of great relevance, as shown by the contributions in this volume. This book is, however, not intended as a commemoration, rather as an occasion to review the trends and undercurrents that are driving the field of optical metrology, with emphasis on nondestructive testing. All the authors were asked to summarize the recent achievements in their respective fields and to speculate about the future. As a result it has become apparent that it is difficult although not impossible to spot general trends in these disparate fields. Optical metrology has considerably benefited from some of the most important innovations of the recent past: lasers, computers and fiber optics communication, all of which found their direct inspiration from the developments in the world of electronics. In recent years we have also witnessed a shift of power from states to corporations. This has created the need to produce quick results useful to industry. Optical nondestructive testing has certainly adapted to this evolution, and several contributions in this book show that the researchers in this field understand the importance of developing technology that can be used by the industry to solve specific problems. We should also not forget that optical nondestructive testing is essentially a "service technology" and should as such not only focus on serving its clients in the best possible way, but also should continually emphasize, extend and enhance its services to new users still unaware of its potential. Hopefully this book will help in spreading awareness of the potentials of optical metrology and in focusing on the challenges of the future.

Nondestructive Characterization of Materials X

Author: R.E. Green
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080552101
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The papers published in these peer-reviewed proceedings represent the latest developments in nondestructive characterization of materials and were presented at the Tenth International Symposium on Nondestructive Characterization of Materials held on June 26 - 30, 2000 in Karuizawa, Japan. The symposium was held concurrently with three other symposia and one workshop. This symposium is the tenth in the series that began in 1983 and became an international meeting in 1986. The symposium started with a Plenary Lecture entitled 'Application of Non-contact Ultrasonics to Nondestrctive Characterization of Materials' by Professor R.E. Green, Jr. Various characterization methods were presented at the symposium, including ultrasonics, X-ray, eddy currents, laser, thermal wave, acoustic emission, optical fibers, optics, magnetics and ultrasonic microscope. Thin films and coatings as well as smart materials were also emphasized in this symposium.

Advanced Vibration Analysis

Author: S. Graham Kelly
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849334191
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Delineating a comprehensive theory, Advanced Vibration Analysis provides the bedrock for building a general mathematical framework for the analysis of a model of a physical system undergoing vibration. The book illustrates how the physics of a problem is used to develop a more specific framework for the analysis of that problem. The author elucidates a general theory applicable to both discrete and continuous systems and includes proofs of important results, especially proofs that are themselves instructive for a thorough understanding of the result. The book begins with a discussion of the physics of dynamic systems comprised of particles, rigid bodies, and deformable bodies and the physics and mathematics for the analysis of a system with a single-degree-of-freedom. It develops mathematical models using energy methods and presents the mathematical foundation for the framework. The author illustrates the development and analysis of linear operators used in various problems and the formulation of the differential equations governing the response of a conservative linear system in terms of self-adjoint linear operators, the inertia operator, and the stiffness operator. The author focuses on the free response of linear conservative systems and the free response of non-self-adjoint systems. He explores three method for determining the forced response and approximate methods of solution for continuous systems. The use of the mathematical foundation and the application of the physics to build a framework for the modeling and development of the response is emphasized throughout the book. The presence of the framework becomes more important as the complexity of the system increases. The text builds the foundation, formalizes it, and uses it in a consistent fashion including application to contemporary research using linear vibrations.