Nerve Cells and Animal Behaviour

Author: Peter Simmons
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139789104
Format: PDF, Kindle
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An extensively revised third edition of this introduction to neuroethology - the neuronal basis of animal behaviour - for zoology, biology and psychology undergraduate students. The book focuses on the roles of individual nerve cells in behaviour, from simple startle responses to complex behaviours such as route learning by rats and singing by crickets and birds. It begins by examining the relationship between brains and behaviour, and showing how study of specialised behaviours reveals neuronal mechanisms that control behaviour. Information processing by nerve cells is introduced using specific examples, and the establishing roles of neurons in behaviour is described for a predator-prey interaction, toads versus cockroaches. New material includes: vision by insects, which describes sensory filtering; hunting by owls and bats, which describes sensory maps; and rhythmical movements including swimming and flying, which describes how sequences of movements are generated. Includes stunning photographs which capture the detail of the behaviour.

Nerve Cells and Animal Behaviour

Author: David Young
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521307055
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This supplemetary textbook introduces students to the link between the nervous system and animal behaviour. It concentrates on specific case histories where it is possible to establish a connection between a particular group of nerve cells and a particular pattern of behaviour.

An Introduction to Animal Behaviour

Author: Aubrey Manning
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107377730
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Wolves excitedly greet each other as members of the pack come together; a bumble bee uses its long tongue to reach the nectar at the base of a foxglove flower; a mongoose swiftly and deftly bites its prey to death; young cheetahs rest quietly together, very close to sleep. Now in full colour, this revised and updated edition of Manning and Dawkins' classic text provides a beautifully written introduction to the fundamentals of animal behaviour. Tinbergen's four questions of causation, evolution, development and function form the fundamental framework of the text, illustrated with fascinating examples of complex behavioural mechanisms. The authors provide accounts of all levels of behaviour from the nerve cell to that of the population. The strengths of An Introduction to Animal Behaviour as a textbook include its clear explanations and concise, readable text and the enthusiasm of the authors for their subject.

Neural Networks and Animal Behavior

Author: Magnus Enquist
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400850789
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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How can we make better sense of animal behavior by using what we know about the brain? This is the first book that attempts to answer this important question by applying neural network theory. Scientists create Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) to make models of the brain. These networks mimic the architecture of a nervous system by connecting elementary neuron-like units into networks in which they stimulate or inhibit each other's activity in much the same way neurons do. This book shows how scientists can employ ANNs to analyze animal behavior, explore the general principles of the nervous systems, and test potential generalizations among species. The authors focus on simple neural networks to show how ANNs can be investigated by math and by computers. They demonstrate intuitive concepts that make the operation of neural networks more accessible to nonspecialists. The first chapter introduces various approaches to animal behavior and provides an informal introduction to neural networks, their history, and their potential advantages. The second chapter reviews artificial neural networks, including biological foundations, techniques, and applications. The following three chapters apply neural networks to such topics as learning and development, classical instrumental condition, and the role of genes in building brain networks. The book concludes by comparing neural networks to other approaches. It will appeal to students of animal behavior in many disciplines. It will also interest neurobiologists, cognitive scientists, and those from other fields who wish to learn more about animal behavior.

Governing Behavior

Author: Ari Berkowitz
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674545958
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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From simple reflexes to complex movements, all animal behavior is governed by a nervous system. But what kind of government is it—a dictatorship or a democracy? Ari Berkowitz explains the variety of structures and strategies that control behavior, while providing an overview of thought-provoking debates and cutting-edge research.

Nerve Cells and Nervous Systems

Author: Alan G. Brown
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447133455
Format: PDF
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"Both teacher and reader will find here a careful presentation of both text and illustrations. The writing is clear, the organization is logical, and the illustrations are appropriate... this book is indeed good value." (TINS) "...the author has met his objective of whetting the appetite of his readers and encouraging the further pursuit of the subject." (Journal of Anatomy) "Brown argues (correctly in this reviewer's opinion) that neuroscience is primarily an experimental endeavor and therefore is taught best by presenting udergraduate students with the methods as well as the data of "classical" neurophysiological experiments. To this end, Brown has done a good job of supporting basic ideas with actual experimental methodology and results." (Choice)

Cognition Evolution and Behavior

Author: Sara J. Shettleworth
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199717811
Format: PDF, ePub
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How do animals perceive the world, learn, remember, search for food or mates, communicate, and find their way around? Do any nonhuman animals count, imitate one another, use a language, or have a culture? What are the uses of cognition in nature and how might it have evolved? What is the current status of Darwin's claim that other species share the same "mental powers" as humans, but to different degrees? In this completely revised second edition of Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior, Sara Shettleworth addresses these questions, among others, by integrating findings from psychology, behavioral ecology, and ethology in a unique and wide-ranging synthesis of theory and research on animal cognition, in the broadest sense--from species-specific adaptations of vision in fish and associative learning in rats to discussions of theory of mind in chimpanzees, dogs, and ravens. She reviews the latest research on topics such as episodic memory, metacognition, and cooperation and other-regarding behavior in animals, as well as recent theories about what makes human cognition unique. In every part of this new edition, Shettleworth incorporates findings and theoretical approaches that have emerged since the first edition was published in 1998. The chapters are now organized into three sections: Fundamental Mechanisms (perception, learning, categorization, memory), Physical Cognition (space, time, number, physical causation), and Social Cognition (social knowledge, social learning, communication). Shettleworth has also added new chapters on evolution and the brain and on numerical cognition, and a new chapter on physical causation that integrates theories of instrumental behavior with discussions of foraging, planning, and tool using.

Nerve Cells and Nervous Systems

Author: A.G. Brown
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540760900
Format: PDF, Docs
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The second edition of Nerve Cells and Nervous Systems is an introduction to the general principles of the organization and function of the nervous system for anyone starting the study of neuroscience at either the undergraduate or graduate level. The main aim of this book is to present the general principles of neuroscience in the context of experimental evidence. The systems approach is avoided. Instead the text takes the reader from a description of the single neuron level, via the interactions between two neurons and small groups of neurons, to a consideration of the particular functional attributes of nervous systems. Neuroscience is an experimental science, and the importance of the interpretation of experimental observations is stressed throughout. Readers will find that references to papers both recent and classical are not only an excellent introduction to the literature but an encouragement to investigate it further. The book is suitable for students of neuroscience, physiology, zoology, psychology and anatomy, as well as for those studying medicine and veterinary medicine. The book is suitable for anyone studying the nervous system at both undergraduate and immediate postgraduate levels. In particular, undergraduates reading Neuroscience or any course containing a neuroscience component, such as Physiology, Pharmacology, Biomedical Sciences, Psychology, as well as Medicine and Veterinary Medicine should find the book helpful. Alan G Brown, Emeritus Professor of Veterinary Physiology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Animal Behaviour

Author: C. J. Barnard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461597811
Format: PDF, ePub
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The study of animal behaviour, particularly from evolutionary and ecological viewpoints, has been one of the major growing points in biology over the last 10 to 15 years. The degree of quantitative rigour in theoretical, observational and experimental approaches to behaviour has increased dramatically. As more of the rapidly growing research literature be comes a basic requirement for students reading animal behaviour at undergraduate level, there is a need for a readily comprehensible text, covering all major aspects of behaviour study, to accom pany their courses. This book, based on my first, second and third year under graduate lectures at the University of No ttingham , is designed to meet that requirement. The book begins with a discussion of the physiological and anatomical bases of behaviour: the relationship between nervous system structure and function and behaviour; hormonal effects on behaviour; biological c1ocks; perceptual mechanisms; and stimulus filtering. This leads to a consideration in Chapter 2 of how the animal integrates internal and external stimuli in making decisions about its behaviour and the way natural selection has shaped decision-making processes and the organisation of motivation. The first two chapters therefore deal with the instigation or causation of behaviour within the animal. Chapters 3 and 4 deal with developmental aspects of behaviour. Chapter 3 discusses behaviour genetics, inc1uding the relationship between specific genes and behaviour, the heritability of behaviour patterns, the site of gene action in the body and the evolutionary consequences of a genetic basis to behaviour.