Modern Diagnostic X Ray Sources

Author: Rolf Behling
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482241331
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Modern Diagnostic X-ray Sources: Technology, Manufacturing, Reliability gives an up-to-date summary of X-ray source design for applications in modern diagnostic medical imaging. It lays a sound groundwork for education and advanced training in the physics of X-ray production and X-ray interactions with matter. The book begins with a historical overview of X-ray tube and generator development, including key achievements leading up to the current technological and economic state of the field. The book covers the physics of X-ray generation, including the process of constructing X-ray source devices. The stand-alone chapters can be read continuously or in selections. They take you inside diagnostic X-ray tubes, illustrating their design, functions, metrics for validation, and interfaces. The detailed descriptions enable objective comparison and benchmarking. This detailed presentation of X-ray tube creation and functions enables you to understand how to optimize tube efficiency, particularly with consideration for economics and the environment. It also simplifies fault finding. Along with covering the past and current state of the field, the book assesses the future regarding developing new X-ray sources that can enhance performance and yield greater benefits to the scientific community and to the public.

Computed Tomography

Author: Jiang Hsieh
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781628416640
Format: PDF
Download Now
X-ray computed tomography (CT) has experienced an explosion of technological development for a quarter century. Six years after the second edition of Computed Tomography, this third edition captures the most recent advances in technology and clinical applications. New to this edition are descriptions of iterative reconstruction, statistical reconstruction, methodologies used to model the CT systems, and the searching methodologies for optimal solutions. A new section on 3D printing introduces approaches by early adopters in the area. Also added is a description and discussion of the size-specific dose estimate, an index that attempts to more accurately reflect the dose absorption of specific-sized patients. The coverage of dual-energy CT has been significantly expanded to include its background, theoretical development, and clinical applications.

X Ray Equipment Maintenance and Repairs Workbook for Radiographers and Radiological Technologists

Author: Ian R. McClelland
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241591633
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
This workbook is one of a series of four practical and technical books and manuals prepared by the International Society of Radiographers and Radiological Technologists (ISRRT) on behalf of the Global Steering Group for Education and Training in Diagnostic Imaging, established by the World Health Organization in 1999. The aim of these books is to assist medical and technical personnel working in the area of diagnostic imaging in small and mid-size hospitals.The X-ray equipment maintenance and repairs workbook is intended to help and guide staff working with, and responsible for, radiographic equipment and installations in remote institutions where the necessary technical support is not available, to perform routine maintenance and minor repairs of equipment to avoid break downs. The book can be used for self study and as a checklist for routine maintenance procedures.

Microelectronics Manufacturing Diagnostics Handbook

Author: Abraham Landzberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461520290
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
The world of microelectronics is filled with cusses measurement systems, manufacturing many success stories. From the use of semi control techniques, test, diagnostics, and fail ure analysis. It discusses methods for modeling conductors for powerful desktop computers to their use in maintaining optimum engine per and reducing defects, and for preventing de formance in modem automobiles, they have fects in the first place. The approach described, clearly improved our daily lives. The broad while geared to the microelectronics world, has useability of the technology is enabled, how applicability to any manufacturing process of similar complexity. The authors comprise some ever, only by the progress made in reducing their cost and improving their reliability. De of the best scientific minds in the world, and fect reduction receives a significant focus in our are practitioners of the art. The information modem manufacturing world, and high-quality captured here is world class. I know you will diagnostics is the key step in that process. find the material to be an excellent reference in of product failures enables step func Analysis your application. tion improvements in yield and reliability. which works to reduce cost and open up new Dr. Paul R. Low applications and technologies. IBM Vice President and This book describes the process ofdefect re of Technology Products General Manager duction in the microelectronics world.

Handbook of Semiconductor Interconnection Technology Second Edition

Author: Geraldine Cogin Shwartz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420017659
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
First introduced about a decade ago, the first edition of the Handbook of Semiconductor Interconnection Technology became widely popular for its thorough, integrated treatment of interconnect technologies and its forward-looking perspective. The field has grown tremendously in the interim and many of the "likely directions" outlined in the first edition are now standard in modern facilities. Reflecting those advances, this edition delves into the practical aspects of interconnections for manufacturing. It examines the interconnect and fabrication technologies now available, with an examination of future prospects for the field. What's in this Edition: Detailed discussion of electrochemical equipment for plating copper Information on tools used for evaporation, chemical vapor deposition, and plasma processes Emphasis on measurement of mechanical and thermal properties of insulators Methods for characterizing porous dielectric thin films Greater focus on integration issues and properties of titanium, cobalt, and nickel silicides Process schemes based on the increased need for borderless contact gates and source/drain Expanded discussion on choices for low-dielectric insulators Concentration on electroplated copper, especially morphology of plated films and their properties Developments in thin film liners and barriers Expanded material on copper reliability

Physics for Diagnostic Radiology Third Edition

Author: Philip Palin Dendy
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420083155
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
With every chapter revised and updated, Physics for Diagnostic Radiology, Third Edition continues to emphasise the importance of physics education as a critical component of radiology training. This bestselling text helps readers understand how various imaging techniques work, from planar analogue and digital radiology to computed tomography (CT), nuclear medicine, and positron emission tomography (PET) to ultrasound imaging and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). New to the Third Edition Material on digital receptors Emphasis on the differences between analogue and digital images Coverage of multi-slice CT and three-dimensional resolution, dual energy applications, and cone beam CT Special radiographic techniques, including subtraction techniques and interventional radiology New chapter on PET, with discussion of multi-modality imaging (PET/CT) Additional material on radiation doses and risks to patients New chapter covering picture archiving and communication system (PACS), teleradiology, networks, archiving, and related factors A summary of the main teaching points at the beginning of each chapter After an introductory chapter on basic physics, the book follows the x-ray imaging process: production of x-rays, interaction with the patient, radiation measurement, the image receptor, the radiological image, and image quality assessment. It then covers more advanced x-ray techniques as well as imaging with radioactive materials. The text also focuses on radiobiology, risk and radiation protection, and imaging with non-ionising radiation. The final chapter discusses data handling in a modern, electronic radiology department.

Computed Tomography

Author: Willi A. Kalender
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3895786446
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
The book offers a comprehensive and user-oriented description of the theoretical and technical system fundamentals of computed tomography (CT) for a wide readership, from conventional single-slice acquisitions to volume acquisition with multi-slice and cone-beam spiral CT. It covers in detail all characteristic parameters relevant for image quality and all performance features significant for clinical application. Readers will thus be informed how to use a CT system to an optimum depending on the different diagnostic requirements. This includes a detailed discussion about the dose required and about dose measurements as well as how to reduce dose in CT. All considerations pay special attention to spiral CT and to new developments towards advanced multi-slice and cone-beam CT. For the third edition most of the contents have been updated and latest topics like dual source CT, dual energy CT, flat detector CT and interventional CT have been added. The enclosed CD-ROM again offers copies of all figures in the book and attractive case studies, including many examples from the most recent 64-slice acquisitions, and interactive exercises for image viewing and manipulation. This book is intended for all those who work daily, regularly or even only occasionally with CT: physicians, radiographers, engineers, technicians and physicists. A glossary describes all the important technical terms in alphabetical order. The enclosed DVD again offers attractive case studies, including many examples from the most recent 64-slice acquisitions, and interactive exercises for image viewing and manipulation. This book is intended for all those who work daily, regularly or even only occasionally with CT: physicians, radiographers, engineers, technicians and physicists. A glossary describes all the important technical terms in alphabetical order.

Radiation Exposure and Image Quality in X Ray Diagnostic Radiology

Author: Horst Aichinger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662096544
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Diagnostic X-rays are the largest contributor to radiation exposure. Protecting the patient from radiation is a major aim of modern health policy, and an understanding of the relationship between radiation dose and image quality is pivotal to optimising medical diagnostic radiology. In this volume the data provided for exploring these concerns are partly based on X-ray spectra, measured on diagnostic X-ray tube assemblies, and are supplemented by the results of measurements on phantoms and simulation calculations. X-ray mammography data makes up the main part of this book. The book also features an extremely useful CD-ROM containing a comprehensive database in the form of Excel-files.

Technical Fundamentals of Radiology and CT

Author: Guillermo Avendaño Cervantes
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780750312141
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Technical Fundamentals of Radiology and CT is intended to cover all issues related to radiology and computed tomography, from the technological point of view, both for understanding the operation of all devices involved and for their maintenance. It is intended for students and a wide range of professionals working in various fields of radiology, those who take images and know little about the workings of the devices, and professionals who install, maintain and solve technological problems of all radiological systems used in health institutions.

X Ray Lasers 2016

Author: Tetsuya Kawachi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319730258
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
These proceedings comprise a selection of invited and contributed papers presented at the 15th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers (ICXRL 2016), held at the Nara Kasugano International Forum, Japan, from May 22 to 27, 2016. This conference was part of an ongoing series dedicated to recent developments in the science and technology of x-ray lasers and other coherent x-ray sources with additional focus on supporting technologies, instrumentation and applications. The book showcases recent advances in the generation of intense, coherent x-rays, the development of practical devices and their applications across a wide variety of fields. It also discusses emerging topics such as plasma-based x-ray lasers, 4th generation accelerator-based sources and higher harmonic generations, as well as other x-ray generation schemes.