Mental Disability Violence and Future Dangerousness

Author: John Weston Parry
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442224053
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Using a multi-disciplinary approach, this book documents and explains how, when and why adults and children with mental disabilities—including those with sexual disorders— who are perceived to be a future danger to others, the community, or themselves have become the most stigmatized, abused, and mistreated group in America, and what should be done to correct the resulting injustices. The author identifies and analyzes the key factors that should be understood when lawyers, judges, mental health professionals, policymakers, legislators, advocates, forensic experts, professors and their students consider the legal, treatment and policy decisions that affect this highly stigmatized group of people.

Mad or Bad A Critical Approach to Counselling and Forensic Psychology

Author: Andreas Vossler
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473968380
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A cutting-edge text that provides a comprehensive introduction to mental health problems and criminal behaviour, this book explores the link between mental health and criminality and considers the most common and effective therapeutic approaches for working with offenders and victims of crime. · Part 1 explores the predominant tensions between forensic and therapeutic agendas; · Part 2 considers how criminal and ‘insane’ identities and careers may be considered gendered, classed, culturally and age-dependent experiences, and be related to power and oppression; · Part 3 examines issues around sex and sexuality in forensic and therapeutic settings; · Part 4 introduces a range of therapeutic approaches for working with offenders and victims of crime; · Part 5 covers forensic and therapeutic practices, including programmes for the prevention of both mental health issues and offending. Edited by an expert team from the Open University and written by a broad range of contributors, this book draws on a wealth of experience in this popular subject area. It will be a key text for students of forensic psychology, counselling and psychotherapy, and for health and social care professionals working in therapeutic and forensic settings.

The Athlete s Dilemma

Author: John Weston Parry
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442275413
Format: PDF, ePub
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Sports provide people around the world with unmatched entertainment, from the excitement of victory to the agony of defeat. Unfortunately, it also has become painfully clear that the agony of sports goes well beyond athletes losing games or competitions. Playing through concussions, the abuse of pain medicine, the use of performance-enhancing substances, and other health-related issues have become a constant reminder that being a professional athlete can be as dangerous as it is lucrative. In The Athlete's Dilemma: Sacrificing Health for Wealth and Fame, John Weston Parry examines the health-related transgressions and hot-topic issues in America’s top spectator sports, particularly in football, baseball, hockey, soccer, cycling, tennis, and Olympic competitions. Parry delves into the unique health risks that pertain to each individual sport and scrutinizes how the various leagues and organizations have handled these issues. Controversies and scandals surrounding elite athletes are also included, highlighting the need for changes in how sports are governed and regulated in the United States and worldwide. From football and soccer players returning to the field too soon after concussions to Olympic athletes using performance-enhancing substances, The Athlete’s Dilemma provides a broad perspective on the health risks prevalent in sports and what can be done to reduce these risks in the future. Accessibly written yet carefully researched, this book will be of interest to athletes of all levels, sports fans, academics, and health professionals.

Presumption of Guilt

Author: Open Society Justice Initiative
Publisher: Open Society Inst
ISBN: 9781936133840
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Presumption of Guilt examines the excessive use of pretrial detention: the practice of jailing criminal defendants without trial. Around the world, millions of people who should be presumed innocent are held in pretrial detention for months or even years while they await trial. Many pretrial detainees are held in appalling conditions, tortured, denied medical care and access to a lawyer, and exposed to disease; they can lose their homes, jobs, and even families. The excessive use of pretrial detention is a massive, globalbut overlookedhuman rights violation.

Crime Victims with Developmental Disabilities

Author: Committee on Law and Justice
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309073189
Format: PDF
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Although violent crime in the United States has declined over the past five years, certain groups appear to remain at disproportionately high risk for violent victimization. In the United States, people with developmental disabilities-such as mental retardation, autism, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and severe learning disabilities may be included in this group. While the scientific evidence is scanty, a handful of studies from the United States, Canada, Australia, and Great Britain consistently find high rates of violence and abuse affecting people with these kinds of disabilities. A number of social and demographic trends are converging that may worsen the situation considerably over the next several years. The prevalence of developmental disabilities has increased in low-income populations, due to a number of factors, such as poor prenatal nutrition, lack of access to health care or better perinatal care for some fragile babies, and increases in child abuse and substance abuse during pregnancy. For example, a recent report of the California State Council on Developmental Disabilities found that during the past decade, while the state population increased by 20 percent, the number of persons with developmental disabilities in California increased by 52 percent and the population segment with mild mental retardation doubled. Because of a growing concern among parents and advocates regarding possible high rates of crime victimization among persons with developmental disabilities, Congress, through the Crime Victims with Disabilities Awareness Act of 1998, requested that the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences conduct a study to increase knowledge and information about crimes against individuals with developmental disabilities that will be useful in developing new strategies to reduce the incidence of crimes against those individuals. Crime Victims with Developmental Disabilities summarizes the workshop and addresses the following issues: (1) the nature and extent of crimes against individuals with developmental disabilities; (2) the risk factors associated with victimization of individuals with developmental disabilities; (3) the manner in which the justice system responds to crimes against individuals with disabilities; and (4) the means by which states may establish and maintain a centralized computer database on the incidence of crimes against individuals with disabilities within a state.

The Wretched of the Earth

Author: Frantz Fanon
Publisher: Grove/Atlantic, Inc.
ISBN: 9780802198853
Format: PDF
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Frantz Fanon was one of the twentieth century’s most important theorists of revolution, colonialism, and racial difference, and this, his masterwork, is a classic alongside Orientalism and The Autobiography of Malcolm X. The Wretched of the Earth is a brilliant analysis of the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation. Bearing singular insight into the rage of colonized peoples and the role of violence in historical change, the book also incisively attacks postindependence disenfranchisement of the masses by the elite on one hand, and intertribal and interfaith animosities on the other. A veritable handbook of social reorganization for leaders of emerging nations, The Wretched of the Earth has had a major impact on civil rights, anticolonialism, and black-consciousness movements around the world. This new translation updates its language for a new generation of readers and its lessons are more vital now than ever.

Prisons of Poverty

Author: Loïc J. D. Wacquant
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 0816639000
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In this title, the author examines how penal policies emanating from the United States have spread thoughout the world. The author argues that the policies have their roots in a network of Reagan-era conservative think tanks, which used them as weapons in their crusade to dismantle the welfare state and, in effect, criminalise poverty.

The Trauma Myth

Author: Susan A. Clancy
Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com
ISBN: 1458772241
Format: PDF, ePub
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Few would argue that the experience of sexual abuse is deeply traumatic for a child. But in this explosive new book, psychologist Susan Clancy reports on years of research and contends that it is not the abuse itself that causes trauma, but rather the narrative that is later imposed on the abuse experience. Clancy demonstrates that the most common feeling victims report is not fear or panic, but confusion. Because children don't understand sexual encounters in the same ways adults do, they normally accommodate their perpetrators - something they feel intensely ashamed about as adults. The professional assumptions about the nature of childhood trauma can harm victims by reinforcing these feelings. Survivors are thus victimized not only by their abusers but also by the industry dedicated to helping them. Path-breaking and controversial, The Trauma Myth empowers survivors to tell their own stories and radically reshapes our understanding of abuse and its aftermath.

WHO Resource Book on Mental Health Human Rights and Legislation

Author: Melvyn Freeman
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9789241562829
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This publication highlights key issues and principles to be considered in the drafting, adoption and implementation of mental health legislation and best practice in mental health services. It contains examples of diverse experiences and practices, as well as extracts of laws and other legal documents from a range of different countries, and a checklist of key policy components. Three main elements of effective mental health legislation are identified, relating to context, content and process.