Land in Transition

Author: Martin Ravallion
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821372760
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
This book is a case study of Vietnam's efforts to fight poverty using market-oriented land reforms. In the 1980s and 1990s, the country undertook major institutional reforms, and an impressive reduction in poverty followed. But what role did the reforms play? Did the efficiency gains from reform come at a cost to equity? Were there both winners and losers? Was rising rural landlessness in the wake of reforms a sign of success or failure? 'Land in Transition' investigates the impacts on living standards of the two stages of land law reform: in 1988, when land was allocated to households administratively and output markets were liberalized; and in 1993, when official land titles were introduced and land transactions were permitted for the first time since communist rule began. To fully assess the poverty impacts of these changes, the authors' analysis of household surveys is guided by both economic theory and knowledge of the historical and social contexts. The book delineates lessons from Vietnam's experience and their implications for current policy debates in China and elsewhere.

Women and Gender Equity in Development Theory and Practice

Author: Jane S. Jaquette
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822336983
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
DIVCollection of essays on issues of women and development, attempting to bridge theory and practice in the post-9/11 era to reflect debates in various realms, from the environment, land rights, and identity to information technology, employment, and poverty/div

World Development Report 2006

Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821362495
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
The World Development Report 2006: Equity and Opportunitypresents a social development strategy organized around the themes of social inclusion, cohesion, and accountability. It examines equality of opportunities--a potentially important factor affecting both the workings of the investment environment and the empowerment of the poor--by building on and extending existing accountability frameworks presented in the 2005Report. TheReportis divided into three parts. Part I describes patterns of inequality in a range of variables both at the national and global level-incomes, educational achievements, health indicators, power, and influence. Part II highlights reasons why some levels of inequality in the variables presented in Part I may be too high-whether for intrinsic reasons or because they harm the attainment of competing values, such as the level of goods and services in the economy. Part III discusses policies that affect the relationship between equity and the development process at a national and global level. This section includes policies that could help reduce the levels of some intermediate inequalities and focuses on circumstances in which these polices form the basis for more rapid overall development and faster poverty reduction. Now in its twenty-eighth edition, theWorld Development Reportoffers practical insights for policymakers, business developers, economic advisers, researchers, and professionals in the media and in non-governmental organizations. It is also an essential supplement to economic and development courses in both academic and professional settings.

The Transition of China s Urban Development

Author: Jieming Zhu
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275964276
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
From 1949 to today, China has experienced dramatic changes in its economy and urban development. This book examines these changes and looks closely at one city, Shenzhen, in detail. The performance and behavior of a fledgling property market in the transitional economy are analyzed in the backdrop of real estate commodification and marketization. Incremental urban land reforms are elaborated within a broad framework of institutional change. Students and researchers in urban geography, urban planning, economics, business, and real estate will find this monograph lucid and original.

African Land Questions Agrarian Transitions and the State

Author: Sam Moyo
Publisher: African Books Collective
ISBN: 2869782020
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
This empirically grounded study provides a critical reflection on the land question in Africa, research on which tends to be tangential, conceptually loose and generally inadequate. It argues that the most pressing research concern must be to understand the precise nature of the African land question, its land reforms and their effects on development. To unravel the roots of land conflicts in Africa requires thorough understanding of the complex social and political contradictions which have ensued from colonial and post-colonial land policies, as well as from Africa's 'development' and capital accumulation trajectories, especially with regard to the land rights of the continent's poor. The study thus questions the capacity of emerging neo-liberal economic and political regimes in Africa to deliver land reforms which address growing inequality and poverty. It equally questions the understanding of the nature of popular demands for land reforms by African states, and their ability to address these demands under the current global political and economic structures dictated by neo-liberalism and its narrow regime of ownership. The study invites scholars and policy makers to creatively draw on the specific historical trajectories and contemporary expression of the land and agrarian questions in Africa, to enrich both theory and practice on land in Africa.

Using Development Oriented Equity Investment as a Tool for Restructuring Transition Banking Sectors

Author: Helo Meigas
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Development-oriented equity investment, undertaken in the context of World Bank projects, can assist in promoting sound banking systems, especially through its positive impact on bank governance. This was the experience of Swedfund Financial Markets that made equity investment in banks in the Baltic republics of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

Land Law Reform

Author:
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821364693
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
"Land Law Reform examines the wide-spread efforts to reform land law in developing countries and countries in transition, drawing in particular upon the experience of the World Bank and the Rural Development Institute. The book considers the role of land law reform in the development process and analyzes how the World Bank has sought to support these legal changes in client countries. It reviews the experience with reform of laws affecting land access and rights in achieving gender equity, identifies opportunities for reinforcing environmentally sustainable development through land law reform, and examines from both growth and poverty alleviation perspectives the effectiveness of reforms to formalize property rights and liberalize land markets. The concluding chapter recommends some basic priorities for land law reforms. John W. Bruce is a senior counsel in the Legal Vice-Presidency of the World Bank, and a former director of the Land Tenure Center of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He has published extensively on land law and land policy in developing countries. Renee Giovarelli, David Bledsoe, Leonard Rolfes, and Robert Mitchell are staff attorneys with the Rural Development Institute of Seattle, Washington, a nonprofit organization that promotes and advises on land-related policy and legal reform in developing and transition countries. All have done fieldwork and advised extensively on land law reform and have published widely on this topic."