Injustice

Author: Barrington Moore
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN: 9780333247839
Format: PDF, Kindle
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An examination of the constants and variables of the sense of injustice displayed by ordinary people in various societies places special focus on the German working class between 1848 and 1920

Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy

Author: Barrington Moore
Publisher: Beacon Press
ISBN: 0807097047
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A landmark in comparative history and a challenge to scholars of all lands who are trying to learn how we arrived at where we are now. -New York Times Book Review

Stable Peace

Author: Kenneth E. Boulding
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 1477305718
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The human race has often put a high value on struggle, strife, turmoil, and excitement. Peace has been regarded as a utopian, unattainable, perhaps dull ideal or as some random element over which we have no control. However, the desperate necessities of the nuclear age have forced us to take peace seriously as an object of both personal and national policy. Stable Peace attempts to answer the question, If we had a policy for peace, what would it look like? A policy for peace aims to speed up the historically slow, painful, but persistent transition from a state of continual war and turmoil to one of continual peace. In a stable peace, the war-peace system is tipped firmly toward peace and away from the cycle of folly, illusion, and ill will that leads to war. Boulding proposes a number of modest, easily attainable, eminently reasonable policies directed toward this goal. His recommendations include the removal of national boundaries from political agendas, the encouragement of reciprocal acts of good will between potential enemies, the exploration of the theory and practice of nonviolence, the development of governmental and nongovernmental organizations to promote peace, and the development of research in the whole area of peace and conflict management. Written in straightforward, lucid prose, Stable Peace will be of importance to politicians, policy makers, economists, diplomats, all concerned citizens, and all those interested in international relations and the resolution of conflict.

Revolt Against Authority

Author: Laura Westra
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004273832
Format: PDF
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Democratic countries are increasingly controlled by economic interests rather than by the rule of law. Charting the protesters and social movements "illegality" opposing authority this volume argues that they should be, nevertheless, considered the defenders of law and order. It is these social forces that represent the legitimate self-defense against corporate breaches of human rights condoned by their governments.

Authority and inequality under capitalism and socialism

Author: Barrington Moore
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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In any modern state, the systems of authority and inequality can largely be traced to two main sources: the set of political and social institutions, buttressed by cultural beliefs, that prevailed prior to industrialization, and the form of authority and social inequality that industrialization itself promotes. In this stimulating and suggestive survey, a renowned scholar uses a historical approach to describe and analyze the principal similarities and differences in the systems of authority and inequality in three powerful nations--the United States, the Soviet Union, and China--and explores prospects for a free and rational society in the foreseeable future. Moore concludes that the tyranny of socialism with its omnipresent bureaucracies, and the shortcomings of liberal capitalism with its widespread unemployment, have created a partial moral vacuum that is being filled by religious fundamentalism, chauvinism, and even terrorism.

The Culture of Conformism

Author: Patrick Colm Hogan
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822380374
Format: PDF, Docs
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“[Hogan’s] goal is not merely to explain but to provide tools of understanding that will be of practical value to those who struggle for justice and freedom. Drawing from an impressive array of sources, his valuable study advances both ends considerably, no mean accomplishment.”—Noam Chomsky In this wide-ranging and informative work, Patrick Colm Hogan draws on cognitive science, psychoanalysis, and social psychology to explore the cultural and psychological components of social consent. Focusing in particular on Americans’ acquiescence to a system that underpays and underrepresents the vast majority of the population, Hogan moves beyond typical studies of this phenomenon by stressing more than its political and economic dimensions. With new insights into particularly insideous forms of consent such as those manifest in racism, sexism, and homophobia, The Culture of Conformism considers the role of emotion as it works in conjunction with belief and with the formation of group identity. Arguing that coercion is far more pervasive in democratic societies than is commonly recognized, Hogan discusses the subtle ways in which economic and social pressures operate to complement the more obviously violent forces of the police and military. Addressing issues of narcissism, self-esteem, and empathy, he also explains the concept of “rational” conformity—that is, the degree to which our social consent is based on self-interest—and explores the cognitive factors that produce and sustain social ideology. Social activists, economic theorists, social psychologists, and political scientists will be intrigued and informed by this book.

The Iron Cage of Liberalism

Author: Daniel P. Ritter
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199658323
Format: PDF
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Over the last forty years the world has witnessed the emergence and proliferation of a new political phenomenon - unarmed revolution. On virtually every continent, citizens have ousted their authoritarian leaders by employing nonviolent tactics such as strikes, demonstrations, boycotts, and civil disobedience against them. At the same time however, similar movements elsewhere have been brutally crushed by autocrats determined to cling to power.In this book, Daniel Ritter seeks to understand unarmed revolutions by posing two interrelated questions: Why do nonviolent revolutionary movements in some countries topples their autocraticleaderships while similar movements elsewhere are brutally crushed, and why has the world witnessed a proliferation of unarmed revolution in the last forty years? Through a comparative historical analysis of the Iranian, Tunisian, and Egyptian revolution, he shows that close and friendly international relations between democratic states in the West and authoritarian regimes elsewhere constitute a parsimonious and plausible explanation for nonviolent revolutionary success. Looking beyond theimmediate causes of revolutionary outbreaks, Ritter instead focuses on the contexts that explain successful civil resistance against repressive states.In an originalconceptualization of revolutionary dynamics, he argues that Western-aligned autocrats eventually find themselves restrained by their strong links to the democratic world through a mechanism he refers to as'the iron cage of liberalism'. Having committed rhetorically to the West's fundamental political discourse of democracy and human rights, the dictators in Tehran, Tunis, and Cairo found themselves paralyzed when nonviolent crowds challenged them with tactics and demands fully compatible withthe political ideals the regimes claimed as their own.