India s Ocean

Author: David Brewster
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317806980
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This book assesses India’s role as a major power in the Indian Ocean. Many see the Indian Ocean as naturally falling within India’s sphere of influence but, as this book demonstrates, India has a long way to go before it could achieve regional dominance. The book outlines the development of Indian thinking on its role in the Indian Ocean and examines India’s strategic relationships in the region, including with maritime South Asia, the Indian Ocean islands, East Africa, the Middle East, Southeast Asia and Australia. The book then discusses India’s ambivalent relationship with the United States and explores its attitude towards China’s growing power in the Indian Ocean. It concludes by discussing the region’s evolving strategic order – does India have what it takes to become the leading power in the region?

Maritime Governance And South Asia Trade Security And Sustainable Development In The Indian Ocean

Author: Schottli Jivanta
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813238240
Format: PDF, ePub
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Five out of the eight South Asian countries have direct access to the Indian ocean, yet research tends to focus instead on the region's landmass. Much less attention is paid to the extensive maritime space that links South Asian countries, provides their populations with vital access to resources, connects their economies to global trade networks and perhaps most importantly, contributes to law and order at sea. At a time when the Indian Ocean has gained great interest and relevance for many global actors, the role and location of South Asia will have critical implications for strategic calculation and alignment. Furthermore, if trade imbalances are to be tackled and economic globalization to regain steam, enhancing South Asia's ability to export and import through the oceans is essential. Finally, climate change is projected to impact South Asia massively. Coping with humanitarian crises and natural disasters will need critical investments in maritime capacities and cooperation. This edited volume brings together multiple perspectives on contemporary maritime governance in South Asia, from practitioners, policy-makers and academics around the world. They examine India's role as South Asia's leading naval and economic power and the capacity of key actors to shape maritime order in the Indian Ocean. Contents: Foreword (Tommy Koh) Preface and Acknowledgements List of Contributors Editorial Introduction (Jivanta Schoettli) Order: Security in the Indian Ocean (Shivshankar Menon) Sri Lanka's Role in the Indian Ocean and the Changing Global Dynamics (Harsha de Silva) Resolution of Maritime Boundary Disputes among Bangladesh, Myanmar and India in the Bay of Bengal (Md Khurshed Alam) Maritime Safety and Security and Development of the Blue Economy in the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) (K V Bhagirath) oes India Use Trade Effectively? (Frank Lavin) Leadership: India as a Net Security Provider in the Indian Ocean Region: The Strategic Approach of a Responsible Stakeholder (Abhay Kumar Singh) Does South Asia Use Trade Effectively? (Frank Lavin) Indonesia's Maritime Vision in the Indian Ocean: Negotiating National Interest and Regional Commitment (Adriana Elisabeth) The United States and the Indian Ocean: Power Shifts and Uncertain Leadership (Deepa M Ollapally) Institutions: New Maritime Governance and Cooperation Arrangements in the Eastern Indian Ocean: Challenges and Prospects (David Brewster) Organized Against Organized Maritime Crimes — The National Maritime Single Point of Contact(Martin A Sebastian RMN (R)) IORA, The Blue Economy and Ocean Governance (V N Attri) The Jakarta IORA Summit: A Way Ahead for a Stable Indian Ocean Maritime Order? (Yogendra Kumar) Prospects and Perspectives: The Indian Ocean and China's Expanding Influence: Prospects for Cooperation among the Key Asian Energy Importers (Christopher Len) Governing the Ocean: Perspectives from Tanzania (Hoseana Bohela Lunogelo) Governing the Ocean: An EU Perspective (Marianne Péron-Doise) Postscript: The Blue Economy Beckons (James Alix Michel) Readership: Undergraduate students of maritime studies, international relations and South Asian politics, and general readers interested in the South Asian region. Keywords: Indian Ocean;Maritime Governance;South Asia;India;Sri Lanka;Boundary;Blue Economy;IORA;Trade;Indonesia;Cooperation;Maritime Crime;ChinaRev

Vietnam and the South China Sea

Author: Do Thanh Hai
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317398203
Format: PDF
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Studies of the escalating tensions and competing claims in the South China Sea overwhelmingly focus on China and its increasingly assertive approach, while the position of the other claimants is overlooked. This book focuses on the attitude of Vietnam towards the South China Sea dispute. It examines the position from a historical perspective, shows how Vietnam’s position is affected by its wish to maintain good relations with China on a range of issues, and outlines how Vietnam has occasionally made overtures to both the United States and Japan in order to bolster its position, and considered the possibility, so far resisted, of taking China to formal arbitration under the auspices of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The book concludes by assessing the future prospects for Vietnam’s position in the dispute.

International Relations and Asia s Southern Tier

Author: Gilbert Rozman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811031711
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book, part of a series, seeks to re-conceptualize Asian geographies; rather than a static East Asia core, this volume analyzes Asia's southern fringe, as symbolized in the trading group ASEAN and its role in Asia's evolving international relations. The contributors include many leading experts in the field, ensuring that this book will be the go-to text for students, scholars, and civil society decision makers exploring Asia's contemporary political spectrum in real time.

Denying the Comfort Women

Author: Rumiko Nishino
Publisher: Asia's Transformations
ISBN: 9781138048713
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Utilising archival research, court testimonies and eyewitness accounts of both survivors and military and civilian personnel, this book argues its case in three ways. Part I analyses the modalities of coercion employed by the authorities and investigates the historical differences and continuities between licensed peacetime prostitution and wartime sexual slavery. Part II then examines the failures f the Asian Women's Fund to resolve the 'comfort women' issue, whilst Part III explores the removal of 'comfort women' content from school history texts after the late 1990s and details Japan's diplomatic efforts to prevent war victims froms uing the post-war state. Presenting a strong argument in opposition to the revisionist school of thought, this book ultimately concludes that a realistic settlement would see a victim-oriented solution that the survivors can accept. -- Website.

The Pariah Problem

Author: Rupa Viswanath
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231537506
Format: PDF, ePub
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Once known as "Pariahs," Dalits are primarily descendants of unfree agrarian laborers. They belong to India's lowest castes, face overwhelming poverty and discrimination, and continue to be a source of public anxiety. Drawing on a wealth of previously untapped sources, this book follows the conception and evolution of the "Pariah problem" in public consciousness in the 1890s. It shows how high-caste landlords, state officials, and well-intentioned missionaries conceived of Dalit oppression and prevented substantive solutions to the "Pariah Problem" -- with consequences that continue to be felt today. The book begins with a description of the everyday lives of Dalit laborers in the 1890s and highlights the systematic efforts made by the state and Indian elites to protect Indian slavery from public scrutiny. Protestant missionaries were the first non-Dalits to draw attention to their plight. However, their vision of the Pariahs' suffering as a result of Hindu religious prejudice obscured the fact that the entire agrarian political-economic system depended on Pariah labor. The Indian public as well as colonial officials came to share a view compatible with missionary explanations, which meant all subsequent welfare efforts directed at Dalits focused on religious and social transformation rather than on structural reform. Methodologically, theoretically, and empirically, this book breaks new ground to demonstrate how events in the early decades of state-sponsored welfare directed at Dalits laid the groundwork for the present day, where the postcolonial state and well-meaning social and religious reformers continue to downplay Dalits' landlessness, violent suppression, and political subordination.

Aligning Unevenly

Author: Assistant Professor of Political Science Dinshaw Mistry
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780866382724
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In the early and mid-2000s, US policymakers anticipated India becoming one of America's top global partners. Have New Delhi's policies on key strategic issues actually aligned strongly with US objectives, as would be typical of close partners? An analysis of twelve prominent issues in US-India relations indicates that New Delhi's policies mostly converged moderately, rather than to a high extent, with US objectives. Specifically, the alignment between New Delhi's policies and US objectives was high or moderate-to-high on three issues--UN peacekeeping, nonproliferation export controls, and arms sales. It was moderate or low-to-moderate on six issues--China, Iran, Afghanistan, Indian Ocean security, Pakistan, and bilateral defense cooperation. And it was low or negligible on three issues--nuclear reactor contracts for US firms, nuclear arms control, and the war in Iraq. To be sure, despite the low or negligible convergence, New Delhi did not take an anti-US position on these issues. Four factors explain why New Delhi's policies aligned unevenly with US objectives across the issues: India's strategic interests (that diverged from US interests on some issues); domestic political and economic barriers (that prevented greater convergence between India's policies and US objectives); incentives and disincentives (that induced New Delhi to better align with US objectives); and certain case-specific factors. This analysis suggests that, rather than expecting India to become a close ally, US policymakers should consider it a friendly strategic partner whose policies would align, on the average, moderately with US strategic interests.

CHINA IN INDIAN OCEAN REGION

Author: Dr. Sidda Goud
Publisher: Allied Publishers
ISBN: 8184249772
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This edited book is the outcome of the International Conference on ‘China in Indian Ocean Region’, held on 13th–14th November 2014, organized by UGC Centre for Indian Ocean Studies, Osmania University, Hyderabad. Indian Ocean, third largest ocean in the world surpasses the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans as the world’s largest and most strategically significant trade corridor. Indian Ocean Region (IOR) which is surrounded by Africa, Asia and Australia serves as a maritime highway, linking trans-continental human and economic relationships. Being the world’s most populated region, one third of the world’s bulk cargo and around two thirds of world’s oil ship tankers pass through it. China’s interest in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) can be traced back to the early 1960s. Ever since Beijing has been increasingly deepening its presence in the IOR for a variety of reasons—oil, trade, security, etc., over 30 per cent of China’s seaborne trade worth about US $300 billion transits across IOR. Sharing a quarter of the world’s population, China faces ever increasing demand for energy. China has little choice but to look beyond its borders for its energy needs. About 77 per cent of its oil imports are sourced from West Asia and Africa and these are transported through the Indian Ocean. Thus China’s dependence on the Indian Ocean continues to grow for energy imports from the Gulf, to import resources from Africa and trade with Europe. With China steadily spreading its footprints in the Indian Ocean Region with increasing military presence and with the rapidly growing Navy being equipped with warships, destroyers and nuclear submarines, this book analyses in depth growing Chinese influence in Indian Ocean Region (IOR), Geopolitical interests of China, Security and Economic implication for India. This volume will be of considerable interest to the students and scholars of international relations in the contemporary situation.

India s Foreign Policy and Regional Multilateralism

Author: Arndt Michael
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137263121
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The book provides a novel analytical perspective on regional multilateralism in South Asia and its neighbouring regions and covers the genesis, evolution and status quo of the four major regional organizations.

Regionalism and Globalization in East Asia

Author: Mark Beeson
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137332379
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book examines the distinctive evolution of the political and economic relationships of East Asia. It does this by placing East Asian development in the unique historical circumstances that have underpinned its rise to power over the last few decades. This detailed analysis provides the basis for an assessment of a unified East Asian region.