Handbook for the Chemical Analysis of Plastic and Polymer Additives

Author: Michael Bolgar
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420044881
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Most plastics and polymers used for consumer goods and technical applications contain numerous additives, many of which are potentially hazardous to human health and the environment. The Handbook for the Chemical Analysis of Plastic and Polymer Additives provides a detailed reference for the analysis of additives that are most widely used in plastics and polymers. The handbook offers a unique combination of comprehensive chromatograms, mass spectral data, and analytical data in addition to environmental perspectives and regulations issued by the FDA, USEPA, EU agencies, and other groups. Unlike other resources that focus on the selection of performance-enhancing additives, this book provides the information and techniques needed to extract, identify, and quantify additives in finished goods using common and readily available laboratory techniques. This makes it an ideal reference for monitoring plastics for regulatory or internal compliance applications as well as for using analysis to troubleshoot, develop, or improve upon application-specific compounding practices and processes. Encouraging the development of protocols for analyzing plastics and polymers, this handbook presents a clear guide to viable isolation techniques and analysis methods for accurately assessing plastic and polymer mixtures as well as an up-to-date review of the most widely used and representative additives and their known toxicological impact.

Handbook for the Chemical Analysis of Plastic and Polymer Additives Second Edition

Author: Michael Bolgar
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439860750
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Polymers have undoubtedly changed the world through many products that improve our lives. However, additives used to modify the overall characteristics of these materials may not be fully disclosed or understood. These additives may present possible environmental and health hazards. It is important to monitor consumer products for these compounds using high-quality reference materials and dependable analytical techniques. The Handbook for the Chemical Analysis of Plastic and Polymer Additives, Second Edition provides the necessary tools for chemists to obtain a more complete listing of additives present in a particular polymeric matrix. It is designed to serve as a valuable source for those monitoring a polymer/plastic material for regulatory or internal compliance. It also helps analysts to correctly identify the complex nature of the materials that have been added to the polymer/plastic. With 50 additional compounds, this second edition nearly doubles the number of additives in several categories, including processing aids, antistatic compounds, mould release products, and blowing agents. It includes a listing that can be cross-referenced by trade name, chemical name, CAS number, and even key mass unit ions from the GC/MS run. Addressing additives from an analytical viewpoint, this comprehensive handbook helps readers identify the additives in plastics. This information can be used to assess compliance with regulations issued by the FDA, US EPA, EU, and other agencies.

Additives for Plastics Handbook

Author: J. Murphy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080498614
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Both technically and economically, additives form a large and increasingly significant part of the polymer industry, both plastics and elastomers. Since the first edition of this book was published, there have been wide-ranging developments, covering chemistry and formulation of new and more efficient additive systems and the safer use of additives, both by processors in the factory and, in the wider field, as they affect the general public. This new edition follows the successful formula of its predecessor, it provides a comprehensive view of all types of additives, concentrating mainly on their technical aspects (chemistry/formulation, structure, function, main applications) with notes on the commercial background of each. The field has been expanded to include any substance that is added to a polymer to improve its use, so including reinforcing materials (such as glass fibre), carbon black and titanium dioxide. This is a book which has been planned for ease of use and the information is presented in a way which is appropriate to the users' needs.

Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook

Author: Myer Kutz
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1437735150
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A practical reference for all plastics engineers who are seeking to answer a question, solve a problem, reduce a cost, improve a design or fabrication process, or even venture into a new market. Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook covers both polymer basics – helpful to bring readers quickly up to speed if they are not familiar with a particular area of plastics processing – and recent developments – enabling practitioners to discover which options best fit their requirements. Each chapter is an authoritative source of practical advice for engineers, providing authoritative guidance from experts that will lead to cost savings and process improvements. Throughout the book, the focus is on the engineering aspects of producing and using plastics. The properties of plastics are explained along with techniques for testing, measuring, enhancing and analyzing them. Practical introductions to both core topics and new developments make this work equally valuable for newly qualified plastics engineers seeking the practical rules-of-thumb they don’t teach you in school, and experienced practitioners evaluating new technologies or getting up to speed on a new field The depth and detail of the coverage of new developments enables engineers and managers to gain knowledge of, and evaluate, new technologies and materials in key growth areas such as biomaterials and nanotechnology This highly practical handbook is set apart from other references in the field, being written by engineers for an audience of engineers and providing a wealth of real-world examples, best practice guidance and rules-of-thumb

Handbook of Odors in Plastic Materials

Author: George Wypych
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1927885175
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Handbook of Odors in Plastic Materials, Second Edition, analyzes the reasons behind unwanted odor formation and the methods for preventing it. The book covers the fundamentals of odor formation and its transport within a material, the relationship between odor and toxicity, and seventeen methods of odor removal. Odor can play a significant role in the success of a product; it can decide whether a customer purchases the product in the first place, or can be the cause of complaints or returns. Similarly, in scented products, the retention of volatile components is a particular challenge and opportunity. There are several factors which have an impact on the formation of odors in plastic materials, including the properties of the polymer, use of additives in processing, exposure to radiation and oxygen, storage, and recycling. Thirty-seven polymers and forty-one critical product groups are analyzed based on the latest research publications and patents. The book also discusses regulations related to odor in products, effects of odor on health and safety, and the effect of odors from plastic materials on indoor air quality. Analyzes the reasons behind odor formation Provides the best methods to prevent odors in various materials Contains information on testing odor changes and the relationship between odor and toxicity Includes a comprehensive list of methods for removal of unwanted odors from plastic materials

Introduction to Green Chemistry Second Edition

Author: Albert Matlack
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439882118
Format: PDF, Docs
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In the nearly 10 years since the publication of the bestselling first edition of Introduction to Green Chemistry, interest in green chemistry and clean processes has grown so much that topics, such as fluorous biphasic catalysis, metal organic frameworks, and process intensification, barely mentioned in the first edition, have become major areas of research. In addition, government funding has ramped up the development of fuel cells and biofuels. It reflects the evolving focus from pollution remediation to pollution prevention. Copiously illustrated with over 800 figures, this second edition provides an update from the frontiers of the field. New and expanded research topics: Metal-organic frameworks Solid acids for alkylation of isobutene by butanes Carbon molecular sieves Mixed micro- and mesoporous solids Organocatalysis Process intensification and gas phase enzymatic reactions Hydrogen storage for fuel cells Reactive distillation Catalysts in action on an atomic scale Updated and expanded current events topics: Industry resistance to inherently safer chemistry Nuclear power Removal of mercury from vaccines Removal of mercury and lead from primary explosives Biofuels Uses for surplus glycerol New hard materials to reduce wear Electronic waste Smart growth The book covers traditional green chemistry topics, including catalysis, benign solvents, and alternative feedstocks. It also discusses relevant but less frequently covered topics with chapters such as Chemistry of Longer Wear and Population and the Environment. This coverage highlights the importance of chemistry to everyday life and demonstrates the benefits the expanded exploitation of green chemistry can have for society.

Handbook of Antistatics

Author: Jurgen Pionteck
Publisher: ChemTec Publishing
ISBN: 1895198348
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This is the first comprehensive handbook written on the subject of antistatic additives for polymers. These are additives capable of modifying properties of materials in such a way they become antistatic, conductive, and/or EMI shielding. The book contains 22 chapters, each addressing a specific aspect of properties and applications of antistatic agents. The comprehensive analysis of performance of these materials forms a critical source of information for industry, research, academia, and legislature.

Handbook of Polymers

Author: George Wypych
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1927885116
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Handbook of Polymers, Second Edition, presents normalized, up-to-date polymer data in a consistent and easily referenceable layout. This new edition represents an update of the available data, including new values for many commercially available products, verification of existing data, and removal of older data where it is no longer useful. The book includes data on all major polymeric materials used by the plastics industry and all branches of the chemical industry, as well as specialty polymers used in the electronics, pharmaceutical, medical, and space fields. The entire scope of the data is divided into sections to make data comparison and search easy, including synthesis, physical, mechanical, and rheological properties, chemical resistance, toxicity and environmental impact, and more. The data enables engineers and materials scientists to solve practical problems, be that in applications, research and development, or legislation. The most current grades of materials have been selected to provide readers with information that is characteristic of currently available products. Includes practical data on the most widely used polymers for engineers and materials scientists in design, manufacture, and applications research Presents data on polymer synthesis, properties, chemical resistance, processing, and their related environmental impacts Provides a comprehensive update to the data, including new information and the verification of existing datasets

Handbook of Plasticizers

Author: George Wypych
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1455730025
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The second edition of the Handbook of Plasticizers thoroughly reviews information currently available in open literature, such as published scientific papers, information from plasticizer manufacturers, and patent literature. Plasticizers are used in so many products that every library should have this reference source of information on plasticizers readily available for its readers. This book should be used in conjunction with Plasticizer Database, which gives information on the present status and properties of industrial and research plasticizers. The book covers the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of plasticizers, historical and theoretical background, their effects on process conditions, and health, safety, and environmental issues. The most comprehensive reference work available, covering the properties and applications of plasticizers. Combine scientific background with extensive data and practical engineering techniques. Contains information from the most recent sources and updated information

Reinforced Plastics Handbook

Author: Donald V Rosato
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080516011
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In this 3rd Edition of the Reinforced Plastics Handbook the authors have continued the approach of the late John Murphy, author of the first and second editions.The book provides a compendium of information on every aspect of materials, processes, designs and construction.Fiber-reinforced plastics are a class of materials in which the basic properties of plastics are given mechanical reinforcement by the addition of fibrous materials. The wide choice of plastics resin matrices and the correspondingly wide choice of reinforcing materials mean that the permutations are virtually unlimited. But the optimum properties of resin and reinforcement cannot be obtained unless there is an effective bond between the two, and this is the continuing objective of reinforced plastics production, design and processing. · New 3rd edition of this comprehensive practical manual · This is a 'bible' for all those involved in the reinforced plastics industry, whether manufacturers, specifiers, designers or end-users. · Has been completely revised and updated to reflect all the latest developments in the industry