Gnotobiotic Mouse Technology

Author: Chriss J. Vowles
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498736335
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The popularity of germ-free animal models, particularly mice, for investigation of human physiology and disease has recently exploded. Gnotobiotic Mouse Technology: An Illustrated Guide provides the first manual for the maintenance, husbandry, and experimental manipulation of germ-free and gnotobiotic mice. It includes information on all aspects of establishing and operating a germ-free mouse research facility, from basic principles and equipment to detailed instructions for assembling and maintaining isolators, sterilizing supplies, handling animals, and monitoring sterility. The book breaks down techniques and procedures into modules, each of which contains a step-by-step practical and visual guide to a set of related procedures. Each description consists of a materials list, introduction, and general overview, followed by a thoroughly illustrated walkthrough of the steps for each procedure. The descriptions end with troubleshooting tips. Technical chapters are heavily illustrated and include notations of potential pitfalls and alternatives. Other chapters discuss management procedures and practices such as the hiring and training of personnel, setting fee schedules, and record keeping. This book is a landmark resource for establishing and maintaining a facility for germ-free mouse research. Useful to both technicians and investigators, it presents every step necessary to establish a successful facility. It also gives direction in expanding multi-user facilities and applying new technologies to your current practices.

Animal Models for Microbiome Research

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309463912
Format: PDF, ePub
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The surface of the human body and its mucous membranes are heavily colonized by microorganisms. Our understanding of the contributions that complex microbial communities make to health and disease is advancing rapidly. Most microbiome research to date has focused on the mouse as a model organism for delineating the mechanisms that shape the assembly and dynamic operations of microbial communities. However, the mouse is not a perfect surrogate for studying different aspects of the microbiome and how it responds to various environmental and host stimuli, and as a result, researchers have been conducting microbiome studies in other animals. To examine the different animal models researchers employ in microbiome studies and to better understand the strengths and weaknesses of each of these model organisms as they relate to human and nonhuman health and disease, the Roundtable on Science and Welfare in Laboratory Animal Use of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop in December 2016. The workshop participants explored how to improve the depth and breadth of analysis of microbial communities using various model organisms, the challenges of standardization and biological variability that are inherent in gnotobiotic animal-based research, the predictability and translatability of preclinical studies to humans, and strategies for expanding the infrastructure and tools for conducting studies in these types of models. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Gnotobiotics

Author: Trenton R Schoeb
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128045833
Format: PDF
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Gnotobiotics summarizes and analyzes the research conducted on the use of gnotobiotes, providing detailed information regarding actual facility operation and derivation of gnotobiotic animals. In response to the development of new tools for microbiota and microbiome analysis, the increasing recognition of the various roles of microbiota in health and disease, and the consequent expanding demand for gnotobiotic animals for microbiota/microbiome related research, this volume collates the research of this expanding field into one definitive resource. Reviews and defines gnotobiotic animal species Analyzes microbiota in numerous contexts Presents detailed coverage of the protocols and operation of a gnotobiotic facility

Laboratory Animal Medicine

Author: Lynn C. Anderson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 012416613X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Laboratory Animal Medicine, Third Edition, is a fully revised publication from the American College of Laboratory Medicine’s acclaimed blue book series. It presents an up-to-date volume that offers the most thorough coverage of the biology, health, and care of laboratory animals. The book is organized by species, with new inclusions of chinchillas, birds, and program and employee management, and is written and edited by known experts in the fields. Users will find gold-standard guidance on the study of laboratory animal science, as well as valuable information that applies across all of the biological and biomedical sciences that work with animals. Organized by species for in-depth understanding of biology, health, and best care of animals Features the inclusion of chinchillas, quail, and zebra finches as animal models Offers guidance on program and employee management Covers regulations, policies, and laws for laboratory animal management worldwide

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Anesthesia and Pain Management

Author: Cholawat Pacharinsak
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466585684
Format: PDF
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Rodents are the most commonly used species in biomedical research. Individuals conducting rodent research are often responsible to ensure that all areas of anesthesia and analgesia are performed humanely. Anesthetic agent selection, anesthetic monitoring, and postoperative pain assessment and management are essential to the institutional animal care and use program and contribute significantly to the 3Rs by reducing pain and/or distress and refining various procedures. The Handbook of Laboratory Animal Anesthesia and Pain Management: Rodents is the first book to capture multiple advances in this important area that greatly impacts various experimental methodologies. Richly illustrated in full color, the book serves as a quick reference source for investigators, veterinarians, technicians, and other animal caretakers charged with the care and use of rodents in a research setting. The unique format of this book also makes it extremely valuable to IACUC members, institutional officials, and occupational health and safety professionals.

Molecular Biology

Author: Jordanka Zlatanova
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 9780815345046
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Molecular Biology: Structure and Dynamics of Genomes and Proteomes illustrates the essential principles behind the transmission and expression of genetic information at the level of DNA, RNA, and proteins. This textbook emphasizes the experimental basis of discovery and the most recent advances in the field while presenting a structural, mechanistic understanding of molecular biology that is rigorous, yet concise. The text is written for advanced undergraduate or graduate-level courses in molecular biology.

Advances in Equine Nutrition IV

Author: J. D. Pagan
Publisher: Nottingham University Press
ISBN: 1904761879
Format: PDF, ePub
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Written by leading research scientists, this informative compilation examines the latest advances in equine nutrition, veterinary medicine, and exercise physiology for a range of horses, including the broodmare, the growing horse, and the performance horse. While focusing on foraging and general nutrition, this resource also explores specialized management and techniques for the prevention of injuries and diseases, such as insulin resistance and hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HYPP).

Small Animal Imaging

Author: Fabian Kiessling
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319422022
Format: PDF, Docs
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This textbook is a practical guide to the use of small animal imaging in preclinical research that will assist in the choice of imaging modality and contrast agent and in study design, experimental setup, and data evaluation. All established imaging modalities are discussed in detail, with the assistance of numerous informative illustrations. While the focus of the new edition remains on practical basics, it has been updated to encompass a variety of emerging imaging modalities, methods, and applications. Additional useful hints are also supplied on the installation of a small animal unit, study planning, animal handling, and cost-effective performance of small animal imaging. Cross-calibration methods and data postprocessing are considered in depth. This new edition of Small Animal Imaging will be an invaluable aid for researchers, students, and technicians involved in research into and applications of small animal imaging.

Microbial Applications Vol 2

Author: Vipin Chandra Kalia
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319526693
Format: PDF, Docs
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This contributed volume provides insights into multiple applications using microbes to promote productivity in agriculture, to produce biochemicals or to respond to challenges in biomedicine. It highlights the microbial production of nanocompounds with medical functionality alongside new anti-mycobacterial strategies, and introduces plant-growth-promoting Rhizobacteria as well as the correlation between biofilm formation and crop productivity. Further, the authors illustrate the green synthesis of biochemical compounds, such as hydroxamid acid or biosurfactants, using microbial and fungal enzymes. It inspires young researchers and experienced scientists in the field of microbiology to explore the combined use of green, white and red biotechnology for industrial purposes, which will be one of the central topics for future generations.

The Produce Contamination Problem

Author: Karl R. Matthews
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012404686X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Understanding the causes and contributing factors leading to outbreaks of food-borne illness associated with contamination of fresh produce is a worldwide challenge for everyone from the growers of fresh-cut produce through the entire production and delivery process. The premise of The Produce Contamination Problem is that when human pathogen contamination of fresh produce occurs, it is extremely difficult to reduce pathogen levels sufficiently to assure microbiological safety with the currently available technologies. A wiser strategy would be to avoid crop production conditions that result in microbial contamination to start. These critical, problem-oriented chapters have been written by researchers active in the areas of food safety and microbial contamination during production, harvesting, packing and fresh-cut processing of horticultural crops, and were designed to provide methods of contamination avoidance. Coverage includes policy and practices in the United States, Mexico and Central America, Europe, and Japan. Addresses food-borne contaminations from a prevention view, providing proactive solutions to the problems Covers core sources of contamination and methods for identifying those sources Includes best practice and regulatory information