Geography History and the American Political Economy

Author: John Heppen
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780739128169
Format: PDF, Docs
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These essays focus on the geographic responses to periodic cycles of crisis and recovery and the more general underlying intertwining of geography and history, demonstrating how the constant restructuring of American politics and economy occurs within spatial and historical constructs.

The Oxford Handbook of Latin American Political Economy

Author: Javier Santiso
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199747504
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Understanding Latin America's recent economic performance calls for a multidisciplinary analysis. This handbook looks at the interaction of economics and politics in the region and includes a number of contributions from top academic experts who have also served as key policy makers (a former president, ministers of finance, a central bank governor), reflecting upon the challenges of reform.

The Evolution of a Nation

Author: Daniel Berkowitz
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691136041
Format: PDF
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Although political and legal institutions are essential to any nation's economic development, the forces that have shaped these institutions are poorly understood. Drawing on rich evidence about the development of the American states from the mid-nineteenth to the late twentieth century, this book documents the mechanisms through which geographical and historical conditions--such as climate, access to water transportation, and early legal systems--impacted political and judicial institutions and economic growth. The book shows how a state's geography and climate influenced whether elites based their wealth in agriculture or trade. States with more occupationally diverse elites in 1860 had greater levels of political competition in their legislature from 1866 to 2000. The book also examines the effects of early legal systems. Because of their colonial history, thirteen states had an operational civil-law legal system prior to statehood. All of these states except Louisiana would later adopt common law. By the late eighteenth century, the two legal systems differed in their balances of power. In civil-law systems, judiciaries were subordinate to legislatures, whereas in common-law systems, the two were more equal. Former civil-law states and common-law states exhibit persistent differences in the structure of their courts, the retention of judges, and judicial budgets. Moreover, changes in court structures, retention procedures, and budgets occur under very different conditions in civil-law and common-law states. The Evolution of a Nation illustrates how initial geographical and historical conditions can determine the evolution of political and legal institutions and long-run growth.

Feeding Gotham

Author: Gergely Baics
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400883628
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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New York City witnessed unparalleled growth in the first half of the nineteenth century, its population rising from thirty thousand people to nearly a million in a matter of decades. Feeding Gotham looks at how America's first metropolis grappled with the challenge of provisioning its inhabitants. It tells the story of how access to food, once a public good, became a private matter left to free and unregulated markets—and of the profound consequences this had for American living standards and urban development. Taking readers from the early republic to the Civil War, Gergely Baics explores the changing dynamics of urban governance, market forces, and the built environment that defined New Yorkers’ experiences of supplying their households. He paints a vibrant portrait of the public debates that propelled New York from a tightly regulated public market to a free-market system of provisioning, and shows how deregulation had its social costs and benefits. Baics uses cutting-edge GIS mapping techniques to reconstruct New York’s changing food landscapes over half a century, following residents into neighborhood public markets, meat shops, and groceries across the city’s expanding territory. He lays bare how unequal access to adequate and healthy food supplies led to an increasingly differentiated urban environment. A masterful blend of economic, social, and geographic history, Feeding Gotham traces how this highly fragmented geography of food access became a defining and enduring feature of the American city.

The Geography of North America Environment Political Economy and Culture

Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1478447559
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Facts101 is your complete guide to The Geography of North America, Environment, Political Economy, and Culture. In this book, you will learn topics such as Historical Settlement of North America, North American Political Economy, The Atlantic Periphery, and Quebec plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

The American Way

Author: Carville Earle
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847687138
Format: PDF, ePub
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The geography of contemporary U.S. political economy has roots that run deep into our past. Earle traces their growth to the seventeenth-century origins of liberalism, republicanism, and financial crises.

The Political Economy of Latin American Independence

Author: Alexandre Mendes Cunha
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317241479
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Although historians usually trace its origins to the Haitian Revolution of the late 18th Century, Latin American political, economic and cultural emancipation is still very much a work in progress. As new national identities were developed, fresh reflection and theorising was needed in order to understand how Latin America related to the wider world. Through a series of case studies on different topics and national experiences, this volume shows how political economy has occupied an important place in discussions about emancipation and independence that occurred in the region. The production of political economic knowledge in the periphery of capitalism can take on many forms: importing ideas from abroad; translating and adapting them to local realities; or else producing concepts and theories specifically designed to make sense of the uniqueness of particular historical experiences. The Political Economy of Latin American Independence illustrates each of these strategies, exploring issues such as trade policy, money and banking, socio-economic philosophy, nationalism, and economic development. The expert authors stress how the originality of Latin American economic thought often resides in the creative appropriation of ideas originally devised in different contexts and thus usually ill-suited to local realities. Taken together, the chapters illustrate a fertile methodological approach for studying the history of political economy in Latin America. This book is of great interest to economic historians specialising in Latin America, as well as those who study history of economic thought, political economy and Latin American history.

Political Geography of the United States

Author: Fred M. Shelley
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9781572300484
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This text applies fundamental questions of the field of political geography to the United States. It explores the geography of America's political history, with specific geographical questions, and explores topics which include the origins and growth of the US, presidential politics, the role of the state and its local governments, and the relationship between the United States and the world as a whole.

Spaces of Capital Spaces of Resistance

Author: Chris Hesketh
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 082035175X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Based on original fieldwork in Chiapas and Oaxaca, Mexico, this book offers a bridge between geography and historical sociology. Chris Hesketh examines the production of space within the global political economy. Drawing on multiple disciplines, Hesketh’s discussion of state formation in Mexico takes us beyond the national level to explore the interplay between global, regional, national, and sub-national articulations of power. These are linked through the novel deployment of Antonio Gramsci’s concept of passive revolution, understood as the state-led institution or expansion of capitalism that prevents the meaningful participation of the subaltern classes. Furthermore, the author brings attention to the conflicts involved in the production of space, placing particular emphasis on indigenous communities and movements and their creation of counterspaces of resistance. Hesketh argues that indigenous movements are now the leading social force of popular mobilization in Latin America. The author reveals how the wider global context of uneven and combined development frames these specific indigenous struggles, and he explores the scales at which they must now seek to articulate themselves.