Excitatory Amino Acids

Author: Paul L. Herrling
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080531342
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain and dysfunction of glutamate transmission is the likely cause of a variety of diseases including neurodegeneration following cerebral ischemia, Huntington's chorea, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, epilepsy, spasticity, emesis, chronic pain, and schizophrenia. Excitatory amino acid receptor agonists and antagonists are therefore of major interest as potential drugs for central nervous system disorders. Excitatory Amino Acids is the first book entirely dedicated to the results of human testing of modulators of excitatory amino acid neurotransmitters. Coverage of the field of excitatory amino acids from synaptic function to preclinical and clinical pharmacology Description of the development of NMDA (Nmethyl-d-aspartate) and non-NMDA antagonists Reports of potential drugs in early and late clinical stages of development

Glutamate and GABA Receptors and Transporters

Author: Jan Egebjerg
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203299388
Format: PDF, ePub
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The ubiquitous presence of glutamate and GABA receptors in the nervous system makes these receptor systems pivotal to our understanding of neurotransmission. Cloning of the molecular components of these receptor systems has provided insights to the selectivity of many drugs and detailed characterisation at the molecular level is emerging. Moreover, continuous development of novel and selective drugs has revealed detailed information on the mechanism of receptor activation and regulation. However, the rapid development of different aspects of glutamate and GABA receptor research makes it increasingly difficult to establish a general view of the field. Studies of the receptors are a multi-disciplinary task employing many specialised techniques. This book conveys recent discoveries in a framework of the basic concepts in the field of glutamate and GABA receptor research. Glutamate and GABA Receptors and Transporters: Structure, Function and Pharmacology is suitable for postgraduate students studying ligand gated channels but also beneficial for industrial and academic research scientists in both the glutamate and GABA field. Universities offering programs in neuroscience, molecular pharmacology or medicinal chemistry will find this a valuable reference.

Excitatory Amino Acids

Author: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586030728
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This past decade has led to many significant advances in the understanding of the function of excitatory amino acids in synaptic transmission. The cloning of the ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptor families of receptor proteins has produced new strategies for the pharmacological modulation of glutamate transmission. The engineering of transgenic animals with modified expression of receptor proteins has created new insights into the function, dysfunction and possible pathology causally related to glutamate receptors. Advances in the pharmacology of glutamate receptors has led to clinical research addressing multiple therapeutic applications of drugs that act on excitatory amino acid systems. A number of NMDA receptor anatagonists have now been studied in humans. AMPA/kainate and metabotropic receptor active compounds have left the preclinical realms of research and have moved towards or are in the clinic.

Nmda Antagonists As Potential Analgesic Drugs

Author: Dalip J.S. Sirinathsinghji
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783764360115
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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There is now considerable preclinical evidence that glutamate acting via the NMDA receptor is involved in the transmission of nociceptive information and in the triggering mechanisms for hyperalgesia and allodynia. This evidence allows rational development of a new class of analgesic drugs that act as antagonists of the NMDA receptor, supported by emerging evidence with existing excitatory amino acid antagonists. Leading scientists in excitatory amino acid and analgesia research have compiled in this volume the most recent information on molecular biology, physiology and pharmacology of NMDA receptors, their neuroanatomical localisation within specific neural pathways involved in nociception, and experimental and clinical evidence demonstrating the potential of receptor antagonists of NMDA and other excitatory amino acids in the treatment of pain states.

Medicinal Chemistry Into the Millennium

Author: Malcolm M. Campbell
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The topics covered in this book are particularly relevant to scientists in industries dependent on the discovery of biologically active molecules.

Neuroanesthesia

Author: J.O. Johnson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940115774X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Neuroanesthesia contains the edited presentations of the 42nd Annual Postgraduate Course in Anesthesiology given by the Department of Anesthesiology at the University of Utah School of Medicine, February 1997. The chapters reflect recent advances in neurophysiology, pharmacology and monitoring related to the practice of neuroanesthesiology. The sections on central nervous system trauma, intraoperative management, brain protection and postoperative care provide a conceptual framework for current clinical practices. This textbook is the fifteenth in a continuing series documenting the proceedings of the Postgraduate Course of the Department of Anesthesiology of the University of Utah School of Medicine. It reflects, as well as past and future volumes, the rapid and continuing evolution of anesthesia in the last years of the twentieth century.

Excitatory Amino Acids

Author: Brian S. Meldrum
Publisher: Editoriale Jaca Book
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Presents findings on excitatory amino acids from leading researchers. An overview of neurochemical studies on glutamate-mediated neurotransmission is followed by over 80 studies in areas including anatomy, molecular biology, electrophysiology, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry and others.