Decision Making in Committees

Author: Nicola Friederike Maaser
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642041532
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Political and economic institutions are typically governed by committees that face the challenge to reconcile the preferences of their members. How should decision rules be designed to generate fair and sustainable agreements, for example if committee members represent groups of different sizes? This book uses game-theoretic concepts and models to address the issue of political decision-making processes. In addition to providing a survey on basic game-theoretic tools in the analysis of political decisions, the author looks at specific issues such as two-tiered voting systems or the influence of lobbyists on legislative committees, and shows how the models can be applied to real-world contexts such as the EU decision-making institutions.

Voting Power and Procedures

Author: Rudolf Fara
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331905158X
Format: PDF
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This collection of essays honouring Dan Felsenthal and Moshé Machover reconsiders foundational aspects of the measurement of voting power. The specific case of voting power in two-tier systems - for instance the US system and the EU system - is analysed. Furthermore major power indices - Penrose, Banzhaf, Shapley-Shubik and others are revisited. The book proposes new voting procedures and studies well-known procedures and/or apportionment methods either from a technical or historical point of view.

Handbook of Computational Social Choice

Author: Felix Brandt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316489752
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The rapidly growing field of computational social choice, at the intersection of computer science and economics, deals with the computational aspects of collective decision making. This handbook, written by thirty-six prominent members of the computational social choice community, covers the field comprehensively. Chapters devoted to each of the field's major themes offer detailed introductions. Topics include voting theory (such as the computational complexity of winner determination and manipulation in elections), fair allocation (such as algorithms for dividing divisible and indivisible goods), coalition formation (such as matching and hedonic games), and many more. Graduate students, researchers, and professionals in computer science, economics, mathematics, political science, and philosophy will benefit from this accessible and self-contained book.

Economic Models

Author: Dipak R. Basu
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812836454
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Model Building is the most fruitful area of economics, designed to solve real-world problems using all available methods such as mathematical, computational and analytical, without distinction. Wherever necessary, we should not be reluctant to develop new techniques, whether mathematical or computational. That is the philosophy of this volume. The volume is divided into three distinct parts: Methods, Theory and Applications. The Methods section is in turn subdivided into Mathematical Programming and Econometrics and Adaptive Control System, which are widely used in econometric analysis. The impacts of fiscal policy in a regime with independent monetary authority and dynamic models of environmental taxation are considered. In the section on "Modelling Business Organization," a model of a Japanese organization is presented. Furthermore, a model suitable for an efficient budget management of a health service unit by applying goal programming method is analyzed, taking into account various socio-economic factors. This is followed by a section on "Modelling National Economies," in which macroeconometric models for the EU member countries are analyzed, to find instruments that stabilize inflation with coordinated action.

Policy and Choice

Author: William J. Congdon
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815704984
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Argues that public finance--the study of the government's role in economics--should incorporate principles from behavior economics and other branches of psychology.

Business Economics and Managerial Decision Making

Author: Trefor Jones
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471486749
Format: PDF
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Written primarily for students taking courses in managerial economics in Britain and Europe, The Business Economics and Managerial Decision Making analyses the growth and development of privately owned firms and also the decisions made by firms operating in both private and public sector enterprises. Coverage is clear and concise, and avoids specialist techniques such as linear programming, which in a European context tend to belong in courses dealing with operations research. The book also avoids straying into areas of industrial economics, instead retaining a sharp focus on relevant issues such as the theory of the firm and the varying objectives that may be adopted in practice. Key sections are supported by case studies of real firms and actual decisions made.

Post Keynesian Econometrics Microeconomics and the Theory of the Firm

Author: Sheila C. Dow
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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This is the first of two volumes celebrating Keynes's contribution to economics, and the development of post Keynesian economics in recent years. It reinstates the importance of Keynesian economics and its revival since the end of the 1980s, and the book's authoritative chapters are presented by an outstanding group of international contributors. Divided into two parts, this volume concentrates on microeconomics and econometrics. In the first section on microeconomics, the contributors address issues such as the division and co-ordination of knowledge, and innovation, equilibrium and welfare, as well as transactions costs, imperfect competition, trust, and the theory of the firm. the second part focuses on econometrics within a post Keynesian framework and addresses issues such as realism, the use of empirical evidence, and the case of conflict in wage and unemployment determination.

Computational Aspects of Cooperative Game Theory

Author: Georgios Chalkiadakis
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1608456528
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This cross-disciplinary book dives into the technical and computational aspects that make cooperative games possible. It is appropriate for professional researchers, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates hoping to pursue careers in academia and / or industry.

Advanced Multimedia and Ubiquitous Engineering

Author: James J. (Jong Hyuk) Park
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811015368
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume presents selected papers from prominent researchers participating in the 11th International Conference on Future Information Technology and the 10th International Conference on Multimedia and Ubiquitous Engineering, Beijing, China, April 20-22, 2016. These large international conferences provided an opportunity for academic and industry professionals to discuss recent progress in the fields of multimedia technology and ubiquitous engineering including new models and systems and novel applications associated with the utilization and acceptance of ubiquitous computing devices and systems. The contributions contained in this book also provide more information about digital and multimedia convergence, intelligent applications, embedded systems, mobile and wireless communications, bio-inspired computing, grid and cloud computing, the semantic web, user experience and HCI, security and trust computing. This book describes the state of the art in multimedia and ubiquitous engineering, and future IT models and their applications.