Computing

Author: Paul E. Ceruzzi
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262310392
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The history of computing could be told as the story of hardware and software, or the story of the Internet, or the story of "smart" hand-held devices, with subplots involving IBM, Microsoft, Apple, Facebook, and Twitter. In this concise and accessible account of the invention and development of digital technology, computer historian Paul Ceruzzi offers a broader and more useful perspective. He identifies four major threads that run throughout all of computing's technological development: digitization--the coding of information, computation, and control in binary form, ones and zeros; the convergence of multiple streams of techniques, devices, and machines, yielding more than the sum of their parts; the steady advance of electronic technology, as characterized famously by "Moore's Law"; and the human-machine interface. Ceruzzi guides us through computing history, telling how a Bell Labs mathematician coined the word "digital" in 1942 (to describe a high-speed method of calculating used in anti-aircraft devices), and recounting the development of the punch card (for use in the 1890 U.S. Census). He describes the ENIAC, built for scientific and military applications; the UNIVAC, the first general purpose computer; and ARPANET, the Internet's precursor. Ceruzzi's account traces the world-changing evolution of the computer from a room-size ensemble of machinery to a "minicomputer" to a desktop computer to a pocket-sized smart phone. He describes the development of the silicon chip, which could store ever-increasing amounts of data and enabled ever-decreasing device size. He visits that hotbed of innovation, Silicon Valley, and brings the story up to the present with the Internet, the World Wide Web, and social networking.

A History of Modern Computing

Author: Paul E. Ceruzzi
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262532037
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Ceruzzi pens a history of computing from the development of the first electronic digital computer to the Web and dot-com crash.

Information and the Modern Corporation

Author: James W Cortada
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262297949
Format: PDF, ePub
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While we have been preoccupied with the latest i-gadget from Apple and with Google's ongoing expansion, we may have missed something: the fundamental transformation of whole firms and industries into giant information-processing machines. Today, more than eighty percent of workers collect and analyze information (often in digital form) in the course of doing their jobs. This book offers a guide to the role of information in modern business, mapping the use of information within work processes and tracing flows of information across supply-chain management, product development, customer relations, and sales. The emphasis is on information itself, not on information technology. Information, overshadowed for a while by the glamour and novelty of IT, is the fundamental component of the modern corporation. In Information and the Modern Corporation, longtime IBM manager and consultant James Cortada clarifies the differences among data, facts, information, and knowledge and describes how the art of analytics has all but eliminated decision making based on gut feeling, replacing it with fact-based decisions. He describes the working style of "road warriors," whose offices are anywhere their laptops and cell phones are and whose deep knowledge of a given topic becomes their medium of exchange. Information is the core of the modern enterprise, and the use of information defines the activities of a firm. This essential guide shows managers and employees better ways to leverage information--by design and not by accident.

Machine Learning

Author: Ethem Alpaydin
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262529513
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A concise overview of machine learning -- computer programs that learn from data -- which underlies applications that include recommendation systems, face recognition, and driverless cars.

Memes in Digital Culture

Author: Limor Shifman
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262525437
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Taking "Gangnam Style" seriously: what Internet memes can tell us about digital culture.

Cloud Computing

Author: Nayan B. Ruparelia
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262529092
Format: PDF
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"This book provides a lucid overview of the implications of the cloud phenomenon and the opportunities and risks associated with it"--

Spaceflight

Author: Michael J. Neufeld
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN: 9780262536332
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A concise history of spaceflight, from military rocketry through Sputnik, Apollo, robots in space, space culture, and human spaceflight today. Spaceflight is one of the greatest human achievements of the twentieth century. The Soviets launched Sputnik, the first satellite, in 1957; less than twelve years later, the American Apollo astronauts landed on the Moon. In this volume of the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Michael Neufeld offers a concise history of spaceflight, mapping the full spectrum of activities that humans have developed in space. Neufeld explains that "the space program" should not be equated only with human spaceflight. Since the 1960s, unmanned military and commercial spacecraft have been orbiting near the Earth, and robotic deep-space explorers have sent back stunning images of faraway planets. Neufeld begins with the origins of space ideas and the discovery that rocketry could be used for spaceflight. He then discusses the Soviet-U.S. Cold War space race and reminds us that NASA resisted adding female astronauts even after the Soviets sent the first female cosmonaut into orbit. He analyzes the two rationales for the Apollo program: prestige and scientific discovery (this last something of an afterthought). He describes the internationalization and privatization of human spaceflight after the Cold War, the cultural influence of space science fiction, including Star Trek and Star Wars, space tourism for the ultra-rich, and the popular desire to go into space. Whether we become a multiplanet species, as some predict, or continue to call Earth home, this book offers a useful primer.

The Internet of Things

Author: Samuel Greengard
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262527731
Format: PDF
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A guided tour through the Internet of Things, a networked world of connected devices, objects, and people that is changing the way we live and work.

Metadata

Author: Jeffrey Pomerantz
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262528517
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Everything we need to know about metadata, the usually invisible infrastructure for information with which we interact every day.

Information and Society

Author: Michael Buckland
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262533383
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A short, informal account of our ever-increasing dependence on a complex multiplicity of messages, records, documents, and data.