Comparative Income Taxation

Author: Hugh J. Ault
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 904113204X
Format: PDF, ePub
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The purpose of this book is to compare different solutions adopted by nine industrialized countries to common problems of income tax design. As in other legal domains, comparative study of income taxation can provide fresh perspectives from which to examine a particular national system. Increasing economic globalization also makes understanding foreign tax systems relevant to a growing set of transnational business transactions. Comparative study is, however, notoriously difficult. Full understanding of a foreign tax system may require mastery not only of a foreign language, but also of foreign business and legal cultures. It would be the work of a lifetime for a single individual to achieve that level of understanding of the nine income taxes compared in this volume. Suppose, however, that an international group of tax law professors, each expert in his own national system, were asked to describe how that system resolved specific problems of income tax design with respect to individuals, business organizations, and international transactions. Suppose further that the leaders of the group wove the resulting answers into a single continuous exposition, which was then reviewed and critiqued by a wider group of tax teachers. The resulting text would provide a convenient and comprehensive introduction to foreign approaches to income taxation for teachers, students, policy-makers and practitioners. That is the path followed by Hugh Ault and Brian Arnold and their collaborators in the development of this fascinating book. Henceforth, a reader interested in how other developed countries resolve such structural issues as the taxation of fringe benefits, the effect of unrealized appreciation at death, the classification of business entities, expatriation to avoid taxes, and so on, can turn to this volume for an initial answer. This book should greatly facilitate comparative analysis in teaching and writing about taxation in the US and elsewhere.

Foster on Eu Law

Author: Nigel Foster
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198727593
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Nigel Foster provides a concise and clear explanation of EU law, offering an accessible entry point to the subject. Foster on EU Law offers an incisive account of the institutions and procedures of the EU alongside focused analysis of key substantive areas such as free movement of goods and services. This clear two-part structure provides students with a solid foundation in the mechanisms and applications of EU law, making it an ideal text for those new to the subject or looking for a concise guide to support further study in the area. This fully updated fifth edition includes extended discussion of key cases, along with new coverage of state aid and expanded coverage of some key areas, including the political context of the EU and EU decision-making. Online Resources Foster on EU Law is also accompanied by an Online Resource Centre which includes: * An interactive timeline and map of the Europe plus video footage to help improve your understanding of the key facts and developments in the history of the Union * Updates to help you stay on top of new case law and developments post-publication * Exam advice from the author, an experienced lecturer and examiner at UK and European universities, to help you maximise your EU law revision

International Tax Primer

Author: Brian J. Arnold
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041188983
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The international aspects of income taxation have become increasingly important as countries worldwide have become more economically integrated. International Tax Primer provides an introduction to the policies that countries seek to advance with their international tax rules, with numerous examples drawn from the practices of both developed and developing countries. It grew out of the authors' work with the OECD in conducting seminars on international tax for tax officials in countries emerging from the collapse of the Soviet Union. The book strikes a balance between the specific and the general by illustrating the fundamental principles and structure of international tax with frequent reference to actual practice in a variety of countries. Coverage includes: the role of the tax adviser; tax planning techniques; international double taxation; transfer pricing; anti-avoidance rules; tax treaties, including discussion of the OECD and UN Model Treaties; emerging issues, such as e-commerce and harmful tax competition.

Value Added Tax

Author: Alan Schenk
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139458264
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book integrates legal, economic, and administrative materials about value added tax. Its principal purpose is to provide comprehensive teaching tools - laws, cases, analytical exercises, and questions drawn from the experience of countries and organizations from all areas of the world. It also serves as a resource for tax practitioners and government officials that must grapple with issues under their VAT or their prospective VAT. The comparative presentation of this volume offers an analysis of policy issues relating to tax structure and tax base as well as insights into how cases arising out of VAT disputes have been resolved. The authors have expanded the coverage to include new VAT related developments in Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia. A chapter on financial services has been added as well as an analysis of significant new cases.

Fundamentals of California Litigation for Paralegals

Author: Marlene A. Maerowitz
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 145488780X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Based on the widely popular text, Fundamentals of Litigation for Paralegals, Fundamentals of California Litigation for Paralegals focuses on the rules in California, specifically, and the role of the paralegal in litigation. From the moment a client walks into the office, through trial and post-judgment (as well as settlements and alternative forms of resoluion), respected authors Maerowitz and Mauet cover the gamut of California litigation for paralegals with their signature approach.

International Taxation Handbook

Author: Colin Read
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0750683716
Format: PDF, Kindle
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International taxation is evolving in response to globalization, capital mobility, and the increased trade in services, and introduces international tax practitioner, student and researcher to the theory, practice, and international examples of the changing landscape. Models of tax competition in a flat and connected world are very different than those necessary to ensure compliance in a world dominated by cross-border flows of goods and repatriation of profits. Taxes on consumption, e-commerce, and services are looming innovations in future of international taxation. Tax coordination and standardization are immense challenges in a world in which the movement of value is increasingly subtle and hard to detect. And as corporations and individuals become more sophisticated in the internationalization of flows of capital, our models must become more sophisticated in their scope and inclusion. In the era when trade was dominated by the exchange of manufactured goods, international taxation was designed to protect domestic industries, create tax revenue, prevent evasion, and promote compliance. The traditional toolbox of customs duties, tariffs, and taxes on repatriated profits must be augmented as the movement of goods across borders represents a much smaller fraction of trade and as international taxation policy is increasingly used to attract foreign corporations rather than discourage branch offices. International taxation models that can better tax services, track international flows of capital, and allow a nation to compete in a world market for capital formation are the tools of the modern tax practitioner. International tax policy is now viewed as an integral part of economic policy. This approach is bound to accelerate as the world becomes increasingly flat and better connected. Economic progress is more and more influenced by the movement of services and information, movements that are no longer through ports but through fiber optic lines. This book contributes to the growing literature on international taxation by bringing together theory and experience, current practices and innovation, and our current understanding of some of the challenges now facing and arguably frustrating current international taxation policy. The book will create new avenues of research for scholars, a new awareness for students of International Taxation, and new possibilities for international tax practitioners. The models and examples presented here suggest that there are serious problems with measurability of flows of services and information, and points to an increasingly need for greater harmonization of international taxation, perhaps through coordinated consumption-tax oriented approaches. * Describe the rapidly evolving role of International Taxation in a globalizing information economy * Present theoretical models that act as the basis for successful international tax competition * Describe the experiences and innovations of representative internationalized countries * Discuss some new approaches to International Taxation * Makes the case for new models of international taxation in an increasingly global information world

International Institutional Law

Author: Henry G. Schermers
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004187987
Format: PDF
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This book offers a comparative analysis of the institutional law of public international organizations, covering issues such as membership, institutional structure, decisions and decision-making, legal status, privileges and immunities. It has been designed to appeal to both academics and practitioners.

Corporate Tax Law

Author: Peter Harris
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107033535
Format: PDF
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A comprehensive and comparative analysis of corporate tax systems, focusing on structural defects and how they are addressed in practice.

Tax Structure And Economic Growth In Nigeria

Author: Damian Nwosu
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656072825
Format: PDF
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Master's Thesis from the year 2010 in the subject Economics - Economic Cycle and Growth, grade: M.Phil/PhD, University of Ibadan, course: Economis, language: English, abstract: This study examined the relationship between tax structure and economic growth in Nigeria using annual data between 1970 to 2007. The motivation is to track the impact of the observed change in the tax structure on economic growth in order to inform policy. Two tax structures namely pre Value Added Tax (VAT) and post VAT were identified and their impacts evaluated. The empirical analysis was anchored on the endogenous growth theoretical framework which allowed for linking tax structures to growth. Econometric models were then developed to explore the relationship between the identified tax structures and economic growth. The first model present a growth equation with average tax rate variable, while the second model is where the specific tax variables were included alongside variables in the first model. The third, fourth and fifth models were used to test the robustness of the second model. This was accomplished basically by introducing additional variables. Prior to the empirical estimations, the standard tests of unit root and co-integration analysis were conducted to ascertain the appropriate estimation procedure and technique(s) to use. The unit root test show that all the variables of the models are stationary at the first difference, while the co-integration analysis indicates that one model out of the five models had no co-integrating relationship, while the rest had co integrating relationships. On the basis of these tests results, the model for which we found no co-integrating relationship was estimated using the Vector Auto Regression (VAR) technique while the others with co-integrating relationship were estimated via the Error Correction Modeling (ECM) technique. Further to this, the Granger Causality test was also conducted to ascertain the direction of causality among the variables of the model. The estimated results show that in the first model, average tax bears insignificant relationship with growth rate of real GDP. Likewise, following the introduction of specific tax variables in the modeling, average tax rate and other tax variables were not significant in the determination of economic growth in Nigeria. The results obtained from robustness check models indicate that the signs and significance levels of the tax variables varied with other policy variables that are applied in conjunction with the tax variables. [...]

Bank Management

Author: Timothy Koch
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1133494684
Format: PDF, ePub
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Closely examine the impact of today’s changing, competitive environment on commercial banks and banking services, as well as the entire financial services industry, with Koch/MacDonald’s BANK MANAGEMENT, 8E. This new edition reflects the latest changes and developments, from complete regulatory updates to details of the many programs evolving amidst today’s financial crises. Whether your students are practicing or future professionals, they will gain a better understanding of the risks associated with loans and securities, the process of securitization, excessive leverage and inadequate liquidity. Core business models demonstrate value core operating earnings versus trading as well as price- and volume-driven profits. The book provides a framework for developing effective strategies that ensure a proper balance between management’s profit targets and allowable risk taking. The book’s unique approach to understanding commercial bank management from a decision-making perspective presents actual bank managers making strong financial decisions. Your students clearly see how decisions in one area affect performance and opportunities in other areas. Students gain a solid foundation in the key issues confronting managers today as they become familiar with basic financial models used to formulate decisions and better understand the strengths and weaknesses of data analysis. With the help of this latest edition, students develop the logical thought processes needed to achieve strong financial and management results. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.