Energy Plant Species

Author: N. EL Bassam
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134255667
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Biomass currently accounts for about 15 per cent of the global primary energy consumption and is particularly important as an energy resource in developing countries. It will undoubtedly play an increasing role in the world's energy consumption. Which crops make up this large percentage of our energy resources? Where do they grow and what can be done to boost the levels of production? What impact does their cultivation have on the environment and development? The book starts with aspects of biomass accumulation, harvesting, transportation and storage, as well as conversion technologies for biofuels. This is followed by a look at the environmental impact and economic and social dimensions, including prospects for renewable energy. The book then goes on to cover all the main potential energy crops. For each main species it gives a brief description, outlines the ecological requirements, methods of propagation, crop management, rotation and production, harvesting, handling and storage, processing and utilization, then finishes with selected references. All those whose work involves biomass production, whether as agriculturalist, student, farmer, producer, planner or policy maker will find this book an invaluable reference work.

Biomass for Energy Environment Agriculture and Industry

Author: P. Chartier
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0080983812
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Interest in the use of biomass for non-food applications has grown strongly in recent years, mainly as a consequence of its potential as a prime renewable energy resource. Renewable energies rank highly among the options that will contribute to the prevention of climate change and to security of energy supply in the future. Furthermore, exploiting biomass is very attractive as a way of dealing with two sensitive issues facing the majority of western European countries today; the extent of unemployment and the setting aside of farm lands to limit excess agricultural production. The 8th European Conference for Energy, Environment, Agriculture and Industry, held in Vienna, October 1994 was larger that any of its predecessors, with over 300 refereed contributions from 20 countries worldwide and over 520 participants. It was arguably the most significant event to date in this field, providing the opportunity for an international exchange of information on the recent progress in developing and implementing renewable biomass based non-food technologies. Published in 3 volumes, the proceedings of this conference therefore contain the most complete overview of the present state-of-the-art. Subjects covered include: biomass resource base, electricity and heat generation, transportation fuels, chemicals from biomass, products from bio- and thermochemical conversion technologies, economics, environmental aspects and opportunities for implementation worldwide, in particular in developing countries. Apart from the numerous contributions on the most recent results in research, development and implementation, the publication also contains authoritative reviews on most of the above-mentioned areas from leading experts in each field. In addition to this, it contains a list of key issues for developing a successful strategy leading to a rapid implementation in Europe and abroad. As a result it is indispensable for anyone working in this area, whether in research, demonstration or in policy development.

Biomass for Renewable Energy Fuels and Chemicals

Author: Donald L. Klass
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080528052
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels, and Chemicals serves as a comprehensive introduction to the subject for the student and educator, and is useful for researchers who are interested in the technical details of biomass energy production. The coverage and discussion are multidisciplinary, reflecting the many scientific and engineering disciplines involved. The book will appeal to a broad range of energy professionals and specialists, farmers and foresters who are searching for methods of selecting, growing, and converting energy crops, entrepreneurs who are commercializing biomass energy projects, and those involved in designing solid and liquid waste disposal-energy recovery systems. Presents a graduated treatment from basic principles to the details of specific technologies Includes a critical analysis of many biomass energy research and commercialization activities Proposes several new technical approaches to improve efficiencies, net energy production, and economics Reviews failed projects, as well as successes, and methods for overcoming barriers to commercialization Written by a leader in the field with 40 years of educational, research, and commercialization experience

Handbook of Bioenergy Crops

Author: N. El Bassam
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136543627
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Biomass currently accounts for about fifteen per cent of global primary energy consumption and is playing an increasingly important role in the face of climate change, energy and food security concerns. Handbook of Bioenergy Crops is a unique reference and guide, with extensive coverage of more than eighty of the main bioenergy crop species. For each it gives a brief description, outlines the ecological requirements, methods of propagation, crop management, rotation and production, harvesting, handling and storage, processing and utilization, then finishes with selected references. This is accompanied by detailed guides to biomass accumulation, harvesting, transportation and storage, as well as conversion technologies for biofuels and an examination of the environmental impact and economic and social dimensions, including prospects for renewable energy. This is an indispensable resource for all those involved in biomass production, utilization and research.

Miscanthus for Energy and Fibre

Author: Mary Walsh
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 9781902916071
Format: PDF
Download Now
Most land in the United States is in rural areas, as are the sources of most of its fresh water and almost all its other natural resources. One of the first books to approach resource economics and rural studies as fundamentally interconnected areas of st

Control applications and ergonomics in agriculture

Author: Nick Sigrimis
Publisher: Pergamon
ISBN: 9780080432298
Format: PDF
Download Now
In this workshop an attempt was made to fuse the disciplines involved in the requirements, specification, design and implementation of control systems for the automation of agricultural systems. The need to meet the demanding specifications for increasingly complex agricultural systems is being addressed by using increasingly sophisticated models and control algorithms. In parallel, the ever-decreasing profit margins in the agricultural sector no longer permit agriculture to operate in the traditional manner, but are forcing it to transform into a contemporary business with all the complexities that this implies. The work environment is changing rapidly and humans are moving to positions of supervision and management while automation and robotics are taking over many of the menial and tedious tasks. Modern technological developments in industrial management and control are entering agriculture and transforming it rapidly into an industry. Smaller agricultural systems are being linked to produce hierarchical large-scale agricultural systems, whose management and control demands high level intelligent decision support mechanisms. Local and wide area networks provide the relevant agricultural and economic data and facts to central production management systems where decisions are made and subsequently transferred to remote locations for execution. Agriculture, which is a highly distributed operation, is taking advantage of modern communications networks, unifying remote locations into a virtual world. Agriculture has been making significant steps in producing food and fibers of improved quality in a highly constrained economic environment. Robust control of such a largely uncertain system demands that application domain experts work closely with systems analysts and control engineers to produce systems of higher autonomy and efficiency to meet todays global challenge.