Biology for Nonbiologists

Author: Frank R. Spellman
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0865874212
Format: PDF, Docs
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The list keeps growing! The latest in Government Institutes' "non-specialist" series, Biology for Nonbiologists continues the tradition established by Toxicology for Non-Toxicologists and Chemistry for Nonchemists, by providing environmental and occupational-safety-and-health practitioners and students with a comprehensive overview of the principles and concepts of modern biology. Covering everything from basic chemistry principles and the consequences of biology's interaction with the environment to basic biological principles and applications, this convenient handbook provides a quick course on the science of biology. You'll gain an understanding of and skill in biological principles and learn key biology concepts, concerns, and practices without spending weeks in a classroom. Biology for Nonbiologists focuses on three areas: environmental biology and ecology as they apply to environmental regulatory compliance programs, human biology, and community and ecosystem dynamics. However, it also covers all major biological themes, including the cellular basis for life, the interactions of organisms, and the evolutionary process of all beings. The author explains scientific concepts with little reference to mathematics and physical science and little technical language, making the text easier to understand and more engaging for non-science readers. To further demystify the science, Spellman also lists and defines essential biology terms and terms not often used in the environmental and safety fields. Special study aids, including end-of-chapter reviews and checkmarks that highlight important points, enhance learning and allow readers to evaluate their understanding of the concepts presented.

Geology for Nongeologists

Author: Frank R. Spellman
Publisher: Government Institutes
ISBN: 086587185X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An introduction to geology that covers basic concepts, including how rocks, minerals, and fossils are classified; the elemental factors that have shaped the Earth; and related topics; and provides chapter review tests.

Science Technology and National Socialism

Author: Monika Renneberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521528603
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A comprehensive 1993 survey of the development of scientific disciplines and technical projects under National Socialism.

In Defense of Science

Author: Frank R. Spellman
Publisher: Government Institutes
ISBN: 1605907111
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Today, only a few people outside of the scientific community are conversant with the tradition of science and its many breakthroughs. The rest are scientifically illiterate. So say Frank R. Spellman and Joni Price-Bayer, authors of In Defense of Science: Why Scientific Literacy Matters. This book explains why ordinary citizens need to have an understanding of science, its methods, and its groundbreaking discoveries. The authors introduce the most basic scientific concepts in accessible and straightforward language. Along the way they debunk several misconceptions of science and scientists, and arrive at a view of science as an integral part of society, policy, and everyday life.

Modelling in medicine and biology VII

Author: C. A. Brebbia
Publisher: Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics
ISBN: 9781845640897
Format: PDF
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Projections for advances in medical and biological technology will transform medical care and treatment. This is in great part due to the results of interaction and collaborations between the medical sciences and engineering. These advances will result in substantial progressions in health care and in the quality of life of the population.Computer models in particular have been increasingly successful in simulating biological phenomena. These are lending support to many applications, including amongst others cardiovascular systems, the study of orthopaedics and biomechanics, electrical simulation. Another important contribution, due to the wide availability of computational facilities and the development of better numerical algorithms, is the ability to acquire analyses, manage and visualise massive amounts of data. Containing papers presented at the Seventh International Conference on Modelling in Medicine and Biology, this book covers a broad range of topics which will be of particular interest to medical and physical scientists and engineers interested in the latest developments in simulations in medicine. It will also be relevant to professionals working in medical enterprises which are actively involved in this field. Topics include: Cardiovascular Systems; Simulations in Surgery; Biomechanics; Advanced Technology in Dentistry; Simulation of Physiological Processes; Neural Systems; Computational Fluid Dynamics in Biomedicine; Orthopaedics and Bone Mechanics; Data Acquisition and Analysis; Virtual Reality in Medicine; Expert Systems in Medicine; Design and Simulation of Artificial Organs.

Core Knowledge and Conceptual Change

Author: David Barner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190467649
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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We acquire concepts such as "atom," "force," "integer," and "democracy" long after we are born; these concepts are not part of the initial cognitive state of human beings. Other concepts like "object," "cause," or "agent" may be present early in infancy--if not innately. Processes of change occur throughout our conceptual development, which prompts two key questions: Which human concepts constitute innate, core knowledge? How do humans acquire new concepts, and how do these concepts change in development? Core Knowledge and Conceptual Change provides a unique theoretical and empirical introduction to the study of conceptual development, documenting key advances in case studies, including ground-breaking science on human representations of language, objects, number, events, color, space, time, beliefs, and desires. Additionally, it explores how humans engage in moral reasoning and causal explanation: Are humans born good and tainted by an imperfect world, or do we need to teach children to be moral? Could a concept like "freedom" be woven into the human soul, or is it a historical invention, constructed over generations of humans? Written by an eminent list of contributors renowned in child development and cognitive science, this book delves widely, and deeply, into the cognitive tools available at birth that are repurposed, combined, and transformed to complex, abstract adult conceptual representations, and should be of interest to developmental psychologists, linguists, philosophers, and students of cognitive science.

Ant Encounters

Author: Deborah M. Gordon
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400835447
Format: PDF, Mobi
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How do ant colonies get anything done, when no one is in charge? An ant colony operates without a central control or hierarchy, and no ant directs another. Instead, ants decide what to do based on the rate, rhythm, and pattern of individual encounters and interactions--resulting in a dynamic network that coordinates the functions of the colony. Ant Encounters provides a revealing and accessible look into ant behavior from this complex systems perspective. Focusing on the moment-to-moment behavior of ant colonies, Deborah Gordon investigates the role of interaction networks in regulating colony behavior and relations among ant colonies. She shows how ant behavior within and between colonies arises from local interactions of individuals, and how interaction networks develop as a colony grows older and larger. The more rapidly ants react to their encounters, the more sensitively the entire colony responds to changing conditions. Gordon explores whether such reactive networks help a colony to survive and reproduce, how natural selection shapes colony networks, and how these structures compare to other analogous complex systems. Ant Encounters sheds light on the organizational behavior, ecology, and evolution of these diverse and ubiquitous social insects.

The Living Clock

Author: John D. Palmer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190286644
Format: PDF, ePub
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From one-celled paramecium to giant blue whales, we all have internal clocks that regulate the rhythms we live by. In The Living Clock, John Palmer, one of the world's leading authorities on these rhythms, takes us on a tour of this broad and multifaceted subject, examining everything from glowing fruit flies to the best cures for jet lag. Palmer has a wonderful sense of humor and an eye for the startling fact. We learn that fiddler crabs--in a lab where there are no time nor tide cues--remain active when low tide would occur and motionless during high tide, the same pattern they follow in their natural habitat. (In fact, you can remove a crab's leg and the leg will keep a tidal rhythm as long as it's kept alive.) Moreover, humans are subject to more than one hundred biological rhythms. Mental acuity peaks in the afternoon, for instance, and our blood pressure peaks at seven in the morning (when most heart attacks occur). The time of day you take medication can affect how well it works. And Palmer shows that when our clocks are thrown off kilter, trouble follows, especially for rotating shift workers--the Bhopal spill, the Chernobyl reactor explosion, and the Three Mile Island accident all happened when new crews began early-hour shifts. No one has discovered exactly how our internal clocks work--Palmer says a Nobel Prize awaits that lucky scientist--but they are no less fascinating for their inexplicable nature. Frequently amusing and always eye-opening, The Living Clock is a treat for everyone curious about the nature of life as well as anyone planning a long jet flight.