Bills of Lading Incorporating Charterparties

Author: Melis Ã?zdel
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782256113
Format: PDF, ePub
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Vessels very frequently serve under a long chain of charterparties and sub-charterparties. When this is the case, the legal issues are more convoluted than they might at first seem. Incorporation clauses are commonplace in bills of lading used in the tramp trade due to the desire to make this web of contracts back-to-back. The extent to which the terms of the charterparty referred to can be carried across to the bill of lading has, over the centuries, been hotly disputed in many jurisdictions. Entirely dedicated to the topic of the incorporation of charterparty terms into bills of lading, this book discusses and analyses the legal and practical issues surrounding this topic under English and US law. Through discussions on the incorporation of a wide range of different charterparty terms, the book combines the peculiar and sophisticated rules of incorporation with the legal and practical issues concerning shipping, international trade, arbitration and conflict of laws and jurisdiction.

Incorporation of Charterparty Clauses Into Bills of Lading

Author: Melis Ozdel
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Much has been said about the unfairness of binding bill of lading holders with the charterparty contracts, the copies of which are rarely provided together with the bills of lading. Besides, many people felt strongly that importing the provisions of an unseen contract creates a more risky international trade environment. Yet, it is an undeniable fact that incorporation clauses can make the holders subject to the charterparty provisions, even though the copies of these contracts are not shown to them. Nonetheless, since the early years, the issue of whether the charterparty terms are actually imported into a bill of lading has given rise to a great amount of litigation between the carriers and the holders. After a long line of judicial decisions given in this vein, it is now clear that for the charterparty clauses to be incorporated, both the bill of lading and the charterparty need to overcome a set of hurdles, which are popularly known as "the rules of incorporation". It is equally clear that while these rules establish the formulas to incorporate, they also cause numerous discussions about their workability and longevity in the ever-changing shipping and international trade practice. In the meantime, the rules raise the questions of to what extent the holders are protected against the potential pitfalls arising from the incorporation clauses, and whether the solutions to the problems are adequate in terms of giving commercial efficacy to these clauses. In particular, the overall impact of the rules of incorporation forces all the concerned parties to ask one question: Is the glass half full or half empty? With a view to bringing these issues to light, this thesis thoroughly examines and compares the respective rules of incorporation adopted in English and U.S. law, which offer strikingly different methods to tackle the question of incorporation. In order to illustrate the impacts of the incorporation clauses on the contractual position of the bill of lading holders, the thesis looks at the incorporation of the particular charterparty clauses which have mostly given rise to disputes between the parties, such as forum selection, demurrage, fiost and similar clauses. Notably, the thesis discusses the viability of the incorporation rules in the wake of the new international movements concerning the unification of the laws governing the bills of lading. Finally, this study, inter alia, concludes that the trend is more receptive to the carriers' imposition of monetary liabilities through the incorporation of charterparty terms than the enforcement of charterparty forum selection clauses.

Maritime Law

Author: Yvonne Baatz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 131761688X
Format: PDF
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Now in its third edition, this authoritative guide covers all of the core aspects of maritime law in one distinct volume. Maritime Law is written by a team of leading academics and practitioners, each expert in their own field. Together, they provide clear, concise and fully up-to-date coverage of topics ranging from bills of lading to arrest of ships, all written in an accessible and engaging style. As English law is heavily relied on throughout the maritime world, this book is grounded in English law whilst continuing to analyse the key international conventions currently in force. Brand new coverage includes: Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (recast) The coming into force of the 2006 Maritime Labour Convention and the Merchant Shipping Regulations 2014 The approval of the 2012 edition of the Norwegian Sale Form Regulation 100/2013 heavily amending Regulation 1406/2002 establishing the European Maritime Safety Agency Greater detail on piracy in the Public International Law chapter and discussion of the M/V Louisa, ARA Libertad and Arctic Sunrise cases in the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea Expanded sections in the marine insurance chapter Analysis of recent cases including Golden Ocean Group Ltd v Salgaocar Mining Industries PVT Ltd; Starlight Shipping Co v Allianz Marine & Aviation Versicherungs AG and Griffon Shipping Ltd. v Firodi Shipping Ltd. This book is a comprehensive reference source for students, academics, and legal practitioners worldwide, especially those new to maritime law or a particular field therein.

Bills of Lading

Author: Richard Aikens
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1317613465
Format: PDF, ePub
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Bills of Lading form an essential part of the carriage of goods by sea and international trade. Their multi-functional nature, together with the large volume of case law and regulation, make the law in this field as complex is it is commercially vital. This bestselling book provides a detailed analysis of the law and practice applicable to bills of lading before, during and after shipment, helping today’s busy practitioner to quickly and easily find the information they need. This book has been fully revised and updated with all of the major developments since its first edition, including: Reference to increasingly important Singapore and Far-Eastern decisions An analysis of modern developments in seaworthiness, from vetting and approval clauses to the topical issues of vulnerability and piracy attacks Detailed examination of misdelivery, fraudulent or forged bills of lading, and delivery without production of a bill of lading Revised coverage of conflicts and procedural matters, including anti-suit injunctions, jurisdiction battles and the scope of arbitration Reference to relevant European law relating to issues of jurisdiction and procedure Comprehensive treatment of Switched bills, transhipment, house bills, deck carriage and container cargo New material on the practical implications of electronic bills of lading This text continues to provide an indispensable reference for maritime practitioners and institutions worldwide.